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MAN(1) Værktøjer til manualsider MAN(1)


man - en grænseflade til referencemanualerne på nettet


man [-C file] [-d] [-D] [--warnings[=warnings]] [-R encoding] [-L locale] [-m system[,...]] [-M path] [-S list] [-e extension] [-i|-I] [--regex|--wildcard] [--names-only] [-a] [-u] [--no-subpages] [-P pager] [-r prompt] [-7] [-E encoding] [--no-hyphenation] [--no-justification] [-p string] [-t] [-T[device]] [-H[browser]] [-X[dpi]] [-Z] [[section] page[.section] ...] ...
man -k [apropos tilvalg] regexp ...
man -K [-w|-W] [-S liste] [-i|-I] [--regex] [afsnit] term ...
man -k [apropos tilvalg] regexp ...
man -l [-C fil] [-d] [-D] [--warnings[=advarsler]] [-R kodning] [-L sprog] [-P tekstviser] [-r prompt] [-7] [-E kodning] [-p streng] [-t] [-T[enhed]] [-H[browser]] [-X[dpi]] [-Z] fil ...
man -w|-W [-C fil] [-d] [-D] side ...
man -c [-C fil] [-d] [-D] side ...
man [-?V]


man er systemets manuelle tekstviser. Hver side-parameter sendt til man er normalt navnet på et program, et redskab eller en funktion. manualsiden associeret med hvert af disse parametre findes så og vises. afsnit, hvis angivet, vil dirigere %man til kun at kigge i det afsnit af manualen. Standardhandlingen er at søge i alle de tilgængelige afsnit, der efterfølger den prædefinerede rækkefølge ("1 n l 8 3 2 3posix 3pm 3perl 3am 5 4 9 6 7" som standard, med mindre overskrevet af direktivet SECTION i /etc/manpath.config), og at vise kun den første side fundet, selv hvis side findes i flere afsnit.

Tabellen nedenfor viser section-antallet af manualen efterfulgt af typen af sider de indeholder.

1 Kørbare programmer eller skalkommandoer
2 Systemkald (funktioner stillet til rådighed af kernen)
3 Bibliotekskald (funktioner i programbiblioteker)
4 Specielle filer (normalt fundet i /dev)
5 Filformater og konventioner f.eks. /etc/passwd
6 Spil
7 Diverse (inklusive makropakker og konventioner), f.eks. man(7), groff(7)
8 Kommandoer til systemadministration (normalt kun for root)
9 Kernerutiner [Ikkestandard]

En manualside består af flere afsnit.


De følgende konventioner gælder for afsnittet SYNOPSIS og kan bruges som en vejledning i andre afsnit.

fed tekst skriv præcis som vist.
kursiv erstat med passende argument.
[-abc] et eller alle argumenter inden i [ ] er valgfrie.
-a|-b tilvalg afgrænset af | kan ikke bruges sammen.
argument ... argument kan gentages.
[udtryk] ... hele udtrykket indenfor [ ] kan gentages.

Præcis optegning kan afhænge af uddataenheden. For eksempel vil man normalt ikke kunne optegne kursiv når man befinder sig i en manual, og man vil normalt bruge understregning eller farvelagt tekst i stedet for.

The command or function illustration is a pattern that should match all possible invocations. In some cases it is advisable to illustrate several exclusive invocations as is shown in the SYNOPSIS section of this manual page.


man ls
Vis manualsiden for punkt (program) ls.
man man.7
Display the manual page for macro package man from section 7.
man -a intro
Vis, i rækkefølge, alle de tilgængelige intro-manualsider indeholdt i denne manual. Det er muligt at afbryde mellem successive visninger eller udelade nogle af dem.
man -t alias | lpr -Pps
Format the manual page referenced by `alias', usually a shell manual page, into the default troff or groff format and pipe it to the printer named ps. The default output for groff is usually PostScript. man --help should advise as to which processor is bound to the -t option.
man -l -Tdvi ./foo.1x.gz > ./foo.1x.dvi
This command will decompress and format the nroff source manual page ./foo.1x.gz into a device independent (dvi) file. The redirection is necessary as the -T flag causes output to be directed to stdout with no pager. The output could be viewed with a program such as xdvi or further processed into PostScript using a program such as dvips.
man -k printf
Søg i de korte beskrivelser og navnene på manualsiderne for nøgleordet printf som regulært udtryk. Udskriv resultaterne. Svarer til apropos printf.
man -f smail
Slå manualsiderne refereret af smail op og vis den korte beskrivelse for det fundne resultat. Svarer til whatis smail.


Many options are available to man in order to give as much flexibility as possible to the user. Changes can be made to the search path, section order, output processor, and other behaviours and operations detailed below.

If set, various environment variables are interrogated to determine the operation of man. It is possible to set the `catch all' variable $MANOPT to any string in command line format with the exception that any spaces used as part of an option's argument must be escaped (preceded by a backslash). man will parse $MANOPT prior to parsing its own command line. Those options requiring an argument will be overridden by the same options found on the command line. To reset all of the options set in $MANOPT, -D can be specified as the initial command line option. This will allow man to `forget' about the options specified in $MANOPT although they must still have been valid.

The manual pager utilities packaged as man-db make extensive use of index database caches. These caches contain information such as where each manual page can be found on the filesystem and what its whatis (short one line description of the man page) contains, and allow man to run faster than if it had to search the filesystem each time to find the appropriate manual page. If requested using the -u option, man will ensure that the caches remain consistent, which can obviate the need to manually run software to update traditional whatis text databases.

If man cannot find a mandb initiated index database for a particular manual page hierarchy, it will still search for the requested manual pages, although file globbing will be necessary to search within that hierarchy. If whatis or apropos fails to find an index it will try to extract information from a traditional whatis database instead.

These utilities support compressed source nroff files having, by default, the extensions of .Z, .z and .gz. It is possible to deal with any compression extension, but this information must be known at compile time. Also, by default, any cat pages produced are compressed using gzip. Each `global' manual page hierarchy such as /usr/share/man or /usr/X11R6/man may have any directory as its cat page hierarchy. Traditionally the cat pages are stored under the same hierarchy as the man pages, but for reasons such as those specified in the File Hierarchy Standard (FHS), it may be better to store them elsewhere. For details on how to do this, please read manpath(5). For details on why to do this, read the standard.

Oversættelser er tilgængelige via denne pakke. Oversatte manualsider kan tilgås (hvis de er tilgængelige på dit system) via brug af sprog-funktioner. For at aktivere denne understøttelse, er det nødvendigt at angive enten $LC_MESSAGES, $LANG eller en anden systemafhængig miljøvariabel for dit sprog, normalt specificeret i det POSIX 1003.1-baserede format:


Hvis den ønskede side er tilgængelig i dit sprog, vil den blive vist i stedet for standardsiden (normalt amerikansk-engelsk).

Support for international message catalogues is also featured in this package and can be activated in the same way, again if available. If you find that the manual pages and message catalogues supplied with this package are not available in your native language and you would like to supply them, please contact the maintainer who will be coordinating such activity.

For information regarding other features and extensions available with this manual pager, please read the documents supplied with the package.


man will search for the desired manual pages within the index database caches. If the -u option is given, a cache consistency check is performed to ensure the databases accurately reflect the filesystem. If this option is always given, it is not generally necessary to run mandb after the caches are initially created, unless a cache becomes corrupt. However, the cache consistency check can be slow on systems with many manual pages installed, so it is not performed by default, and system administrators may wish to run mandb every week or so to keep the database caches fresh. To forestall problems caused by outdated caches, man will fall back to file globbing if a cache lookup fails, just as it would if no cache was present.

Once a manual page has been located, a check is performed to find out if a relative preformatted `cat' file already exists and is newer than the nroff file. If it does and is, this preformatted file is (usually) decompressed and then displayed, via use of a pager. The pager can be specified in a number of ways, or else will fall back to a default is used (see option -P for details). If no cat is found or is older than the nroff file, the nroff is filtered through various programs and is shown immediately.

If a cat file can be produced (a relative cat directory exists and has appropriate permissions), man will compress and store the cat file in the background.

The filters are deciphered by a number of means. Firstly, the command line option -p or the environment variable $MANROFFSEQ is interrogated. If -p was not used and the environment variable was not set, the initial line of the nroff file is parsed for a preprocessor string. To contain a valid preprocessor string, the first line must resemble

'\" <string>

where string can be any combination of letters described by option -p below.

If none of the above methods provide any filter information, a default set is used.

A formatting pipeline is formed from the filters and the primary formatter (nroff or [tg]roff with -t) and executed. Alternatively, if an executable program mandb_nfmt (or mandb_tfmt with -t) exists in the man tree root, it is executed instead. It gets passed the manual source file, the preprocessor string, and optionally the device specified with -T or -E as arguments.


Non argument options that are duplicated either on the command line, in $MANOPT, or both, are not harmful. For options that require an argument, each duplication will override the previous argument value.

Generelle tilvalg

-C fil--config-file=fil
Brug denne brugerkonfigurationsfil frem for standarden ~/.manpath.
-d, --debug
Vis fejlsøgningsinformation.
-D, --default
This option is normally issued as the very first option and resets man's behaviour to its default. Its use is to reset those options that may have been set in $MANOPT. Any options that follow -D will have their usual effect.
Aktiver advarsler fra groff. Dette kan gøres for at udføre sanitetskontrol på kildetekst for manualsider. advarsler er en kommaadskilt liste med advarselsnavne; hvis den ikke er angivet, er standarden »mac«. Se “Warnings” node i info groff for en liste over tilgængelige advarselsnavne.

Hovedtilstande for operation

-f, --whatis
Svarer til whatis. Vis en kort beskrivelse fra manualsiden, hvis tilgængelig. Se whatis(1) for detaljer.
-k, --apropos
Svarer til apropos. Søg i de korte manualsidebeskrivelser for nøgleord og vis alle match. Se apropos(1) for detaljer.
-K, --global-apropos
Search for text in all manual pages. This is a brute-force search, and is likely to take some time; if you can, you should specify a section to reduce the number of pages that need to be searched. Search terms may be simple strings (the default), or regular expressions if the --regex option is used.
Note that this searches the sources of the manual pages, not the rendered text, and so may include false positives due to things like comments in source files. Searching the rendered text would be much slower.
-l, --local-file
Activate `local' mode. Format and display local manual files instead of searching through the system's manual collection. Each manual page argument will be interpreted as an nroff source file in the correct format. No cat file is produced. If '-' is listed as one of the arguments, input will be taken from stdin. When this option is not used, and man fails to find the page required, before displaying the error message, it attempts to act as if this option was supplied, using the name as a filename and looking for an exact match.
-w, --where, --path, --location
Vis ikke reelt manualsiden, men vis placeringerne for nroff-kildefilerne, som ville blive formateret.
-W, --where-cat, --location-cat
Vis ikke reelt manualsiderne, men vis dog placeringerne for katalogfilerne, som ville være blevet vist. Hvis -w og -W begge er angivet, så vis begge adskilt af mellemrum.
-c, --catman
Dette tilvalg er ikke for generel brug og bør kun bruges af programmet catman.
-R kodning--recode=kodning
Instead of formatting the manual page in the usual way, output its source converted to the specified encoding. If you already know the encoding of the source file, you can also use manconv(1) directly. However, this option allows you to convert several manual pages to a single encoding without having to explicitly state the encoding of each, provided that they were already installed in a structure similar to a manual page hierarchy.

Finde manualsider

-L sprog--locale=sprog
man vil normalt bestemme dit lokale sprog med et kald til C-funktionen setlocale(3), som undersøger diverse miljøvariabler, muligvis inklusive $LC_MESSAGES og $LANG. For midlertidigt at overskrive den afslørede værdi bruges dette tilvalg til at supplere en sprog-streng direkte til man. Bemærk at det ikke vil træde i kraft før søgningen efter sider rent faktisk begynder. Resultatet såsom hjælpebeskeden vil altid blive vist i det oprindeligt bestemte sprog.

-m system[,...], --systems=system[,...]

Hvis dette system har adgang til andre operativsystemers manualsider, så kan de tilgås med dette tilvalg. For at søge efter en manualside fra NytOS's manualsidesamling bruges tilvalget -m NytOS.

Det angivet system kan være en kombination af kommaadskilt operativsystemnavne. For at inkludere en søgning i manualsiderne for udgangspunktets operativsystem inkluderes systemnavnet man i argumentstrengen. Dette tilvalg vil overskrive miljøvariablen $SYSTEM.

-M sti--manpath=sti
Angiv en alternativ manualsti. Som standard bruger man manpath-afledt kode til at bestemme søgestien. Dette tilvalg overskriver miljøvariablen $MANPATH og medfører at tilvalget -m ignoreres.

A path specified as a manpath must be the root of a manual page hierarchy structured into sections as described in the man-db manual (under "The manual page system"). To view manual pages outside such hierarchies, see the -l option.

-S liste-s liste--sections=liste
List is a colon- or comma-separated list of `order specific' manual sections to search. This option overrides the $MANSECT environment variable. (The -s spelling is for compatibility with System V.)
-e sub-extension--extension=sub-extension
Some systems incorporate large packages of manual pages, such as those that accompany the Tcl package, into the main manual page hierarchy. To get around the problem of having two manual pages with the same name such as exit(3), the Tcl pages were usually all assigned to section l. As this is unfortunate, it is now possible to put the pages in the correct section, and to assign a specific `extension' to them, in this case, exit(3tcl). Under normal operation, man will display exit(3) in preference to exit(3tcl). To negotiate this situation and to avoid having to know which section the page you require resides in, it is now possible to give man a sub-extension string indicating which package the page must belong to. Using the above example, supplying the option -e tcl to man will restrict the search to pages having an extension of *tcl.
-i, --ignore-case
Ignore case when searching for manual pages. This is the default.
-I, --match-case
Search for manual pages case-sensitively.
Show all pages with any part of either their names or their descriptions matching each page argument as a regular expression, as with apropos(1). Since there is usually no reasonable way to pick a "best" page when searching for a regular expression, this option implies -a.
Show all pages with any part of either their names or their descriptions matching each page argument using shell-style wildcards, as with apropos(1) --wildcard. The page argument must match the entire name or description, or match on word boundaries in the description. Since there is usually no reasonable way to pick a "best" page when searching for a wildcard, this option implies -a.
If the --regex or --wildcard option is used, match only page names, not page descriptions, as with whatis(1). Otherwise, no effect.
-a, --all
Som standard vil man afslutte efter visning af den mest egnet manualside den finder. Brug af dette tilvalg tvinger man til at vise alle manualsiderne med navne som matcher søgekriteriet.
-u, --update
This option causes man to perform an `inode level' consistency check on its database caches to ensure that they are an accurate representation of the filesystem. It will only have a useful effect if man is installed with the setuid bit set.
By default, man will try to interpret pairs of manual page names given on the command line as equivalent to a single manual page name containing a hyphen or an underscore. This supports the common pattern of programs that implement a number of subcommands, allowing them to provide manual pages for each that can be accessed using similar syntax as would be used to invoke the subcommands themselves. For example:

  $ man -aw git diff

For at deaktivere denne opførsel så brug tilvalget --no-subpages.

  $ man -aw --no-subpages git diff

Kontrol af formateret resultat

-P tekstviser--pager=tekstviser
Specify which output pager to use. By default, man uses pager. This option overrides the $MANPAGER environment variable, which in turn overrides the $PAGER environment variable. It is not used in conjunction with -f or -k.

The value may be a simple command name or a command with arguments, and may use shell quoting (backslashes, single quotes, or double quotes). It may not use pipes to connect multiple commands; if you need that, use a wrapper script, which may take the file to display either as an argument or on standard input.

-r prompt--prompt=prompt
If a recent version of less is used as the pager, man will attempt to set its prompt and some sensible options. The default prompt looks like

 Manual page name(sec) line x

where name denotes the manual page name, sec denotes the section it was found under and x the current line number. This is achieved by using the $LESS environment variable.

Supplying -r with a string will override this default. The string may contain the text $MAN_PN which will be expanded to the name of the current manual page and its section name surrounded by `(' and `)'. The string used to produce the default could be expressed as

\ Manual\ page\ \$MAN_PN\ ?ltline\ %lt?L/%L.:
byte\ %bB?s/%s..?\ (END):?pB\ %pB\\%..
(tryk h for hjælp eller q for afslut)

It is broken into three lines here for the sake of readability only. For its meaning see the less(1) manual page. The prompt string is first evaluated by the shell. All double quotes, back-quotes and backslashes in the prompt must be escaped by a preceding backslash. The prompt string may end in an escaped $ which may be followed by further options for less. By default man sets the -ix8 options.

The $MANLESS environment variable described below may be used to set a default prompt string if none is supplied on the command line.

-7, --ascii
When viewing a pure ascii(7) manual page on a 7 bit terminal or terminal emulator, some characters may not display correctly when using the latin1(7) device description with GNU nroff. This option allows pure ascii manual pages to be displayed in ascii with the latin1 device. It will not translate any latin1 text. The following table shows the translations performed: some parts of it may only be displayed properly when using GNU nroff's latin1(7) device.

Beskrivelse Oktal latin1 ascii
continuation hyphen 255 -
bullet (middle dot) 267 o
acute accent 264 ´ '
multiplication sign 327 × x

If the latin1 column displays correctly, your terminal may be set up for latin1 characters and this option is not necessary. If the latin1 and ascii columns are identical, you are reading this page using this option or man did not format this page using the latin1 device description. If the latin1 column is missing or corrupt, you may need to view manual pages with this option.

This option is ignored when using options -t, -H, -T, or -Z and may be useless for nroff other than GNU's.

-E kodning--encoding=kodning
Generate output for a character encoding other than the default. For backward compatibility, encoding may be an nroff device such as ascii, latin1, or utf8 as well as a true character encoding such as UTF-8.
--no-hyphenation, --nh
Normally, nroff will automatically hyphenate text at line breaks even in words that do not contain hyphens, if it is necessary to do so to lay out words on a line without excessive spacing. This option disables automatic hyphenation, so words will only be hyphenated if they already contain hyphens.

If you are writing a manual page and simply want to prevent nroff from hyphenating a word at an inappropriate point, do not use this option, but consult the nroff documentation instead; for instance, you can put "\%" inside a word to indicate that it may be hyphenated at that point, or put "\%" at the start of a word to prevent it from being hyphenated.

--no-justification, --nj
Normally, nroff will automatically justify text to both margins. This option disables full justification, leaving justified only to the left margin, sometimes called "ragged-right" text.

If you are writing a manual page and simply want to prevent nroff from justifying certain paragraphs, do not use this option, but consult the nroff documentation instead; for instance, you can use the ".na", ".nf", ".fi", and ".ad" requests to temporarily disable adjusting and filling.

-p streng--preprocessor=streng
Specify the sequence of preprocessors to run before nroff or troff/groff. Not all installations will have a full set of preprocessors. Some of the preprocessors and the letters used to designate them are: eqn (e), grap (g), pic (p), tbl (t), vgrind (v), refer (r). This option overrides the $MANROFFSEQ environment variable. zsoelim is always run as the very first preprocessor.
-t, --troff
Brug groff -mandoc til at formatere manualsiden til standardud. Tilvalget er ikke krævet sammen med -H, -T eller -Z.
-T[enhed], --troff-device[=enhed]
Denne indstilling bruges til at ændre groff-resultater (eller muligvis troff'er), så de er egnet for en enhed udover standarden. -t er underforstået. Eksempler (indeholdt med Groff-1.17) inkluderer dvi, latin1, ps, utf8, X75 og X100.
-H[browser], --html[=browser]
This option will cause groff to produce HTML output, and will display that output in a web browser. The choice of browser is determined by the optional browser argument if one is provided, by the $BROWSER environment variable, or by a compile-time default if that is unset (usually lynx). This option implies -t, and will only work with GNU troff.
-X[dpi], --gxditview[=dpi]
This option displays the output of groff in a graphical window using the gxditview program. The dpi (dots per inch) may be 75, 75-12, 100, or 100-12, defaulting to 75; the -12 variants use a 12-point base font. This option implies -T with the X75, X75-12, X100, or X100-12 device respectively.
-Z, --ditroff
groff vil køre troff og så bruge en passende efterbrænder til at fremstille et resultat egnet for den valgte enhed. Hvis groff -mandoc er groff, så vil dette tilvalg sendes til groff og vil undertrykke brugen af en efterbrænder. -t er underforstået.

Få hjælp

-?, --help
Vis en hjælpebesked og afslut.
Vis en kort hjælpebesked og afslut.
-V, --version
Vis versionsinformation.


Programkørsel endt uden fejl.
Brugs-, syntaks- eller konfigurationsfilfejl.
Operationel fejl.
En underproces returnerede en afslutningsstatus forskellig fra nul.
Mindst en af siderne/filerne/nøgleordene fandtes ikke eller blev ikke matchet.


If $MANPATH is set, its value is used as the path to search for manual pages.
The contents of $MANROFFOPT are added to the command line every time man invokes the formatter (nroff, troff, or groff).
If $MANROFFSEQ is set, its value is used to determine the set of preprocessors to pass each manual page through. The default preprocessor list is system dependent.
If $MANSECT is set, its value is a colon-delimited list of sections and it is used to determine which manual sections to search and in what order. The default is "1 n l 8 3 2 3posix 3pm 3perl 3am 5 4 9 6 7", unless overridden by the SECTION directive in /etc/manpath.config.
If $MANPAGER or $PAGER is set ($MANPAGER is used in preference), its value is used as the name of the program used to display the manual page. By default, pager is used.

The value may be a simple command name or a command with arguments, and may use shell quoting (backslashes, single quotes, or double quotes). It may not use pipes to connect multiple commands; if you need that, use a wrapper script, which may take the file to display either as an argument or on standard input.

If $MANLESS is set, its value will be used as the default prompt string for the less pager, as if it had been passed using the -r option (so any occurrences of the text $MAN_PN will be expanded in the same way). For example, if you want to set the prompt string unconditionally to “my prompt string”, set $MANLESS to ‘-Psmy prompt string’. Using the -r option overrides this environment variable.
If $BROWSER is set, its value is a colon-delimited list of commands, each of which in turn is used to try to start a web browser for man --html. In each command, %s is replaced by a filename containing the HTML output from groff, %% is replaced by a single percent sign (%), and %c is replaced by a colon (:).
Hvis $SYSTEM er angivet, vil det have den samme effekt, som hvis den var blevet angivet som argument for tilvalget -m.
If $MANOPT is set, it will be parsed prior to man's command line and is expected to be in a similar format. As all of the other man specific environment variables can be expressed as command line options, and are thus candidates for being included in $MANOPT it is expected that they will become obsolete. N.B. All spaces that should be interpreted as part of an option's argument must be escaped.
If $MANWIDTH is set, its value is used as the line length for which manual pages should be formatted. If it is not set, manual pages will be formatted with a line length appropriate to the current terminal (using the value of $COLUMNS, an ioctl(2) if available, or falling back to 80 characters if neither is available). Cat pages will only be saved when the default formatting can be used, that is when the terminal line length is between 66 and 80 characters.
Normally, when output is not being directed to a terminal (such as to a file or a pipe), formatting characters are discarded to make it easier to read the result without special tools. However, if $MAN_KEEP_FORMATTING is set to any non-empty value, these formatting characters are retained. This may be useful for wrappers around man that can interpret formatting characters.
Normally, when output is being directed to a terminal (usually to a pager), any error output from the command used to produce formatted versions of manual pages is discarded to avoid interfering with the pager's display. Programs such as groff often produce relatively minor error messages about typographical problems such as poor alignment, which are unsightly and generally confusing when displayed along with the manual page. However, some users want to see them anyway, so, if $MAN_KEEP_STDERR is set to any non-empty value, error output will be displayed as usual.
Afhængig af system og implementering, vil enten en af eller begge $LANG og $LC_MESSAGES blive spurgt for den aktuelle beskeds sprog. man vil vise dets beskeder i det sprog (hvis tilgængeligt). Se setlocale(3) for mere udførlige detaljer.


konfigurationsfil for man-db.
Et globalt manualsidehierarki.
Et traditionelt globalt index-databasemellemlager.
Et FHS-overholdende globalt index-databasemellemlager.


apropos(1), groff(1), less(1), manpath(1), nroff(1), troff(1), whatis(1), zsoelim(1), setlocale(3), manpath(5), ascii(7), latin1(7), man(7), catman(8), mandb(8), Manual for pakken man-db, FSSTND


1990, 1991 – oprindelig skrevet af John W. Eaton (

23. dec 1992: Rik Faith ( anvendte fejlrettelser af Willem Kasdorp (

30. april 1994 – 23. februar 2000: Wilf. ( har udviklet og vedligeholdt denne pakke med hjælp fra nogle få dedikerede personer.

30. oktober 1996 – 30. marts 2001: Fabrizio Polacco <> vedligeholdte og forberedte denne pakke for Debianprojektet med hjælp fra hele fællesskabet.

31. marts 2001 – til i dag: Colin Watson <> udvikler og vedligeholder nu man-db.