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NCECAT(1) General Commands Manual NCECAT(1)


ncecat - netCDF Ensemble Concatenator


ncecat [-3] [-4] [-5] [-6] [-7] [-A] [--bfr sz_byt][-C][-c] [--cmp cmp_sng] [--cnk_byt sz_byt][--cnk_csh sz_byt][--cnk_dmn nm,sz_lmn] [--cnk_map map] [--cnk_min sz_byt] [--cnk_plc plc] [--cnk_scl sz_lmn][-D dbg_lvl] [-d dim,[ min][,[ max]]] [-F] [--fl_fmt=fmt] [-G gpe_dsc] [-g grp[,...]] [--gag] [--glb att_name= att_val]] [-h] [--hdr_pad sz_byt][--hpss_try] [-L dfl_lvl] [-l path] [-M] [--mrd] [--msa] [-n loop] [--no_cll_msr] [--no_frm_trm] [--no_tmp_fl] [-O] [-p path] [--ppc var1[, var2[,...]]= prc]] [-R] [-r] [--ram_all] [-t thr_nbr] [-u ulm_nm] [--uio] [--unn] [-v var[,...]] [-X box] [-x] input-files output-file


ncecat concatenates an arbitrary number of input files into a single output file. Input files are glued together by creating a record dimension in the output file. Input files must be the same size. Each input file is stored consecutively as a single record in the output file. Each variable (except coordinate variables) in each input file becomes one record in the same variable in the output file. Coordinate variables are not concatenated, they are instead simply copied from the first input file to the output-file. Thus, the size of the output file is the sum of the sizes of the input files.

Consider five realizations,,,... of 1985 predictions from the same climate model. Then ncecat 85?.nc glues the individual realizations together into the single file, If an input variable was dimensioned [ lat, lon], it will have dimensions [ record, lat, lon] in the output file. A restriction of ncecat is that the hyperslabs of the processed variables must be the same from file to file. Normally this means all the input files are the same size, and contain data on different realizations of the same variables.


Consider a model experiment which generated five realizations of one year of data, say 1985. You can imagine that the experimenter slightly perturbs the initial conditions of the problem before generating each new solution. Assume each file contains all twelve months (a seasonal cycle) of data and we want to produce a single file containing all the seasonal cycles. Here the numeric filename suffix denotes the experiment number (not the month):

ncecat 85_0[1-5].nc
ncecat -n 5,2,1
These three commands produce identical answers. The output file,, is five times the size as a single input-file. It contains 60 months of data (which might or might not be stored in the record dimension, depending on the input files).


NCO manual pages written by Charlie Zender and originally formatted by Brian Mays.


Report bugs to <>.


Copyright © 1995-present Charlie Zender
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.


The full documentation for NCO is maintained as a Texinfo manual called the NCO Users Guide. Because NCO is mathematical in nature, the documentation includes TeX-intensive portions not viewable on character-based displays. Hence the only complete and authoritative versions of the NCO Users Guide are the PDF (recommended), DVI, and Postscript versions at <>, <>, and <>, respectively. HTML and XML versions are available at <> and <>, respectively.

If the info and NCO programs are properly installed at your site, the command

info nco

should give you access to the complete manual, except for the TeX-intensive portions.

ncap(1), ncap2(1), ncatted(1), ncbo(1), ncclimo(1), nces(1), ncecat(1), ncflint(1), ncks(1), nco(1), ncpdq(1), ncra(1), ncrcat(1), ncremap(1), ncrename(1), ncwa(1)


The NCO homepage at <> contains more information.