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NCAP2(1) General Commands Manual NCAP2(1)


ncap2 - netCDF Arithmetic Processor, Next Generation


ncap2 [-3] [-4] [-5] [-6] [-7] [-A] [--bfr sz_byt][-C][-c][-D dbg_lvl] [-F] [--fl_fmt=fmt] [-f] [--glb att_name= att_val]] [-h] [--hdf] [--hdr_pad sz_byt][--hpss_try] [-l path] [--no_tmp_fl] [-O] [-o output-file] [-p path] [-R] [-r] [--ram_all] [-S script-file][-s script][-t thr_nbr][--uio][-v var[,...]] [ input-file ] output-file


ncap2 supersedes and is backwards-compatible with ncap which is now deprecated. Both operators arithmetically process netCDF files. The primary ncap2 documentation is currently the sample script <> The remainder of this manpage is identical to the ncap manpage.

The processing instructions are contained either in the NCO script file fl.nco or in a sequence of command line arguments. The options -s (or long options --spt or --script) are used for in-line scripts and -S (or long options --fl_spt or --script-file) are used to provide the filename where (usually multiple) scripting commands are pre-stored. ncap2 was written to perform arbitrary albebraic transformations of data and archive the results as easily as possible. Missing values are treated correctly. The results of the algebraic manipulations are called derived fields.

Unlike the other operators, ncap2 does not accept a list of variables to be operated on as an argument to -v. Rather, the -v switch takes no arguments and indicates that ncap2 should output only user-defined variables. ncap2 does not accept or understand the -x switch.


Compute the square of variable T

ncap2 -s "T2=T*T"


NCO manual pages written by Charlie Zender and originally formatted by Brian Mays.


Report bugs to <>.


Copyright © 1995-present Charlie Zender
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.


The full documentation for NCO is maintained as a Texinfo manual called the NCO Users Guide. Because NCO is mathematical in nature, the documentation includes TeX-intensive portions not viewable on character-based displays. Hence the only complete and authoritative versions of the NCO Users Guide are the PDF (recommended), DVI, and Postscript versions at <>, <>, and <>, respectively. HTML and XML versions are available at <> and <>, respectively.

If the info and NCO programs are properly installed at your site, the command

info nco

should give you access to the complete manual, except for the TeX-intensive portions.

ncap(1), ncap2(1), ncatted(1), ncbo(1), ncclimo(1), nces(1), ncecat(1), ncflint(1), ncks(1), nco(1), ncpdq(1), ncra(1), ncrcat(1), ncremap(1), ncrename(1), ncwa(1)


The NCO homepage at <> contains more information.