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XkbSetMap(3) XKB FUNCTIONS XkbSetMap(3)


XkbSetMap - Send a complete new set of values for entire components to the server.


Bool XkbSetMap (Display *dpy, unsigned int which, XkbDescPtr xkb);


- dpy
connection to X server
- which
mask selecting subcomponents to update
- xkb
description from which new values are taken


There are two ways to make changes to map components: either change a local copy of the keyboard map and call XkbSetMap to send the modified map to the server, or, to reduce network traffic, use an XkbMapChangesRec structure and call XkbChangeMap.

Use XkbSetMap to send a complete new set of values for entire components (for example, all symbols, all actions, and so on) to the server. The which parameter specifies the components to be sent to the server, and is a bitwise inclusive OR of the masks listed in Table 1. The xkb parameter is a pointer to an XkbDescRec structure and contains the information to be copied to the server. For each bit set in the which parameter, XkbSetMap takes the corresponding structure values from the xkb parameter and sends it to the server specified by dpy.

If any components specified by which are not present in the xkb parameter, XkbSetMap returns False. Otherwise, it sends the update request to the server and returns True. XkbSetMap can generate BadAlloc, BadLength, and BadValue protocol errors.

Key types, symbol maps, and actions are all interrelated; changes in one require changes in the others. Xkb provides functions to make it easier to edit these components and handle the interdependencies. Table 1 lists these helper functions and provides a pointer to where they are defined.

Table 1 Xkb Mapping Component Masks
and Convenience Functions
Mask Value Map Fields Convenience
XkbKeyTypesMask (1<<0) client types size_types num_types XkbGetKeyTypes XkbResizeKeyType XkbCopyKeyType XkbCopyKeyTypes
XkbKeySymsMask (1<<1) client syms size_syms num_syms key_sym_map XkbGetKeySyms XkbResizeKeySyms XkbChangeTypesOfKey
XkbModifierMapMask (1<<2) client modmap XkbGetKeyModifierMap
XkbExplicitComponentsMask (1<<3) server explicit XkbGetKeyExplicitComponents
XkbKeyActionsMask (1<<4) server key_acts acts num_acts size_acts XkbGetKeyActions XkbResizeKeyActions
XkbKeyBehaviorsMask (1<<5) server behaviors XkbGetKeyBehaviors
XkbVirtualModsMask (1<<6) server vmods XkbGetVirtualMods
XkbVirtualModMapMask (1<<7) server vmodmap XkbGetVirtualModMap

The changed field identifies the map components that have changed in an XkbDescRec structure and may contain any of the bits in Table 1, which are also shown in Table 2. Every 1 bit in changed also identifies which other fields in the XkbMapChangesRec structure contain valid values, as indicated in Table 2. The min_key_code and max_key_code fields are for reference only; they are ignored on any requests sent to the server and are always updated by the server whenever it returns the data for an XkbMapChangesRec.

Table 2 XkbMapChangesRec Masks
Mask XkbMapChangesRec XkbDescRec Field Containing
Fields Changed Data
XkbKeyTypesMask first_type, map->type[first_type] ..
num_types map->type[first_type + num_types - 1]
XkbKeySymsMask first_key_sym, map->key_sym_map[first_key_sym] ..
num_key_syms map->key_sym_map[first_key_sym +
num_key_syms - 1]
XkbModifierMapMask first_modmap_key, map->modmap[first_modmap_key] ..
num_modmap_keys map->modmap[first_modmap_key +
XkbExplicitComponentsMask first_key_explicit,
server->explicit[first_key_explicit] ..
num_key_explicit server->explicit[first_key_explicit +
num_key_explicit - 1]
XkbKeyActionsMask first_key_act, server->key_acts[first_key_act] ..
num_key_acts server->key_acts[first_key_act +
num_key_acts - 1]
XkbKeyBehaviorsMask first_key_behavior,
server->behaviors[first_key_behavior] ..
num_key_behaviors server->behaviors[first_key_behavior +
num_key_behaviors - 1]
XkbVirtualModsMask vmods server->vmods[*]
XkbVirtualModMapMask first_vmodmap_key,
num_vmodmap_keys ..
+ num_vmodmap_keys - 1]


The XkbSetMap function returns True all components specified by which are present in the xkb parameter.
The XkbSetMap function returns False if any component specified by which is not present in the xkb parameter.


Use the XkbMapChangesRec structure to identify and track partial modifications to the mapping components and to reduce the amount of traffic between the server and clients.
typedef struct _XkbMapChanges {
    unsigned short   changed;            /∗ identifies valid components in structure */
    KeyCode          min_key_code;       /∗ lowest numbered keycode for device */
    KeyCode          max_key_code;       /∗ highest numbered keycode for device */
    unsigned char    first_type;         /∗ index of first key type modified */
    unsigned char    num_types;          /∗ # types modified */
    KeyCode          first_key_sym;      /∗ first key whose key_sym_map changed */
    unsigned char    num_key_syms;       /∗ # key_sym_map entries changed */
    KeyCode          first_key_act;      /∗ first key whose key_acts entry changed */
    unsigned char    num_key_acts;       /∗ # key_acts entries changed */
    KeyCode          first_key_behavior; /∗ first key whose behaviors changed */
    unsigned char    num_key_behaviors;  /∗ # behaviors entries changed */
    KeyCode          first_key_explicit; /∗ first key whose explicit entry changed */
    unsigned char    num_key_explicit;   /∗ # explicit entries changed */
    KeyCode          first_modmap_key;   /∗ first key whose modmap entry changed */
    unsigned char    num_modmap_keys;    /∗ # modmap entries changed */
    KeyCode          first_vmodmap_key;  /∗ first key whose vmodmap changed */
    unsigned char    num_vmodmap_keys;   /∗ # vmodmap entries changed */
    unsigned char    pad1;               /∗ reserved */
    unsigned short   vmods;              /∗ mask indicating which vmods changed */
} XkbMapChangesRec,*XkbMapChangesPtr;

The complete description of an Xkb keyboard is given by an XkbDescRec. The component structures in the XkbDescRec represent the major Xkb components.

typedef struct {
   struct _XDisplay * display;      /∗ connection to X server */
   unsigned short     flags;        /∗ private to Xkb, do not modify */
   unsigned short     device_spec;  /∗ device of interest */
   KeyCode            min_key_code; /∗ minimum keycode for device */
   KeyCode            max_key_code; /∗ maximum keycode for device */
   XkbControlsPtr     ctrls;        /∗ controls */
   XkbServerMapPtr    server;       /∗ server keymap */
   XkbClientMapPtr    map;          /∗ client keymap */
   XkbIndicatorPtr    indicators;   /∗ indicator map */
   XkbNamesPtr        names;        /∗ names for all components */
   XkbCompatMapPtr    compat;       /∗ compatibility map */
   XkbGeometryPtr     geom;         /∗ physical geometry of keyboard */
} XkbDescRec, *XkbDescPtr;
The display field points to an X display structure. The flags field is private to the library: modifying flags may yield unpredictable results. The device_spec field specifies the device identifier of the keyboard input device, or XkbUseCoreKeyboard, which specifies the core keyboard device. The min_key_code and max_key_code fields specify the least and greatest keycode that can be returned by the keyboard.

Each structure component has a corresponding mask bit that is used in function calls to indicate that the structure should be manipulated in some manner, such as allocating it or freeing it. These masks and their relationships to the fields in the XkbDescRec are shown in Table 3.

Table 3 Mask Bits for XkbDescRec
Mask Bit XkbDescRec Field Value
XkbControlsMask ctrls (1L<<0)
XkbServerMapMask server (1L<<1)
XkbIClientMapMask map (1L<<2)
XkbIndicatorMapMask indicators (1L<<3)
XkbNamesMask names (1L<<4)
XkbCompatMapMask compat (1L<<5)
XkbGeometryMask geom (1L<<6)
XkbAllComponentsMask All Fields (0x7f)


Unable to allocate storage
The length of a request is shorter or longer than that required to minimally contain the arguments
An argument is out of range


XkbChangeMap(3), XkbChangeTypesOfKey(3), XkbCopyKeyType(3), XkbCopyKeyTypes(3), XkbGetKeyActions(3), XkbGetKeyBehaviors(3), XkbGetKeyExplicitComponents(3), XkbGetKeyModifierMap(3), XkbGetKeySyms(3), XkbGetKeyTypes(3), XkbResizeKeyActions(3), XkbResizeKeySyms(3), XkbResizeKeyType(3), XkbGetVirtualModMap(3), XkbGetVirtualMods(3)
libX11 1.6.8 X Version 11