|MAC_PORTACL(4)||Device Drivers Manual||MAC_PORTACL(4)|
SYNOPSIS¶To compile the port access control policy into your kernel, place the following lines in your kernel configuration file:
Alternately, to load the port access control policy module at boot time, place the following line in your kernel configuration file:
and in loader.conf(5):
mac_portaclpolicy allows administrators to administratively limit binding to local UDP and TCP ports via the sysctl(8) interface.
In order to enable the
MAC policy must be enforced on sockets (see mac(4)), and
the port(s) protected by
mac_portacl must not be
included in the range specified by the
mac_portacl policy only affects ports
explicitly bound by a user process (either for a listen/outgoing TCP socket,
or a send/receive UDP socket). This policy will not limit ports bound
implicitly for outgoing connections where the process has not explicitly
selected a port: these are automatically selected by the IP stack.
mac_portacl is enabled, it will
control binding access to ports up to the port number set in the
sysctl(8) variable. By default, all attempts to bind to
mac_portacl controlled ports will fail if not
explicitly allowed by the port access control list, though binding by the
superuser will be allowed, if the sysctl(8) variable
security.mac.portacl.suser_exempt is set to a non-zero
Runtime Configuration¶The following sysctl(8) MIBs are available for fine-tuning the enforcement of this MAC policy. All sysctl(8) variables, except security.mac.portacl.rules, can also be set as loader(8) tunables in loader.conf(5).
- Enforce the
mac_portaclpolicy. (Default: 1).
- The highest port number
mac_portaclwill enforce rules for. (Default: 1023).
- The port access control list is specified in the following format:
- Describes the type of subject match to be performed. Either
uidfor user ID matching, or
gidfor group ID matching.
- The user or group ID (depending on idtype)
allowed to bind to the specified port.
NOTE: User and group names are not valid; only the actual ID numbers may be used.
- Describes which protocol this entry applies to. Either
- Describes which port this entry applies to.
NOTE: MAC security policies may not override other security system policies by allowing accesses that they may deny, such as net.inet.ip.portrange.reservedlow / net.inet.ip.portrange.reservedhigh.If the specified port falls within the range specified, the
mac_portaclentry will not function (i.e., even the specified user/group may not be able to bind to the specified port).
- Allow superuser (i.e., root) to bind to all
mac_portaclprotected ports, even if the port access control list does not explicitly allow this. (Default: 1).
- Allow applications to use automatic binding to port 0. Applications use port 0 as a request for automatic port allocation when binding an IP address to a socket. This tunable will exempt port 0 allocation from rule checking. (Default: 1).
SEE ALSO¶mac(3), ip(4), mac_biba(4), mac_bsdextended(4), mac_ifoff(4), mac_mls(4), mac_none(4), mac_partition(4), mac_seeotheruids(4), mac_test(4), mac(9)
HISTORY¶MAC first appeared in FreeBSD 5.0 and
mac_portaclfirst appeared in FreeBSD 5.1.
AUTHORS¶This software was contributed to the FreeBSD Project by NAI Labs, the Security Research Division of Network Associates Inc. under DARPA/SPAWAR contract N66001-01-C-8035 (“CBOSS”), as part of the DARPA CHATS research program.
|December 9, 2004||Linux 4.9.0-9-amd64|