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MACHINE-ID(5) /etc/machine-id MACHINE-ID(5)


machine-id - local machine ID configuration file




The /etc/machine-id file contains the unique machine id of the local system that is set during installation. The machine ID is a single newline-terminated, hexadecimal, lowercase 32 character machine ID string. (When decoded from hexadecimal this corresponds with a 16 byte/128 bit string.)
The machine ID is usually generated from a random source during system installation and stays constant for all subsequent boots. Optionally, for stateless systems it is generated during runtime at boot if it is found to be empty.
The machine ID does not change based on user configuration, or when hardware is replaced.
This machine ID adheres to the same format and logic as the D-Bus machine ID.
Programs may use this ID to identify the host with a globally unique ID in the network, that does not change even if the local network configuration changes. Due to this and its greater length it is a more useful replacement for the gethostid(3) call POSIX specifies.
The systemd-machine-id-setup(1) tool may be used by installer tools to initialize the machine ID at install time.


Note that the machine ID historically is not an OSF UUID as defined by RFC 4122[1], nor a Microsoft GUID. Starting with systemd v30 newly generated machine IDs however do qualify as v4 UUIDs.
In order to maintain compatibility with existing installations, an application requiring a UUID should decode the machine ID, and then apply the following operations to turn it into a valid OSF v4 UUID. With id being an unsigned character array:
/* Set UUID version to 4 --- truly random generation */
id[6] = (id[6] & 0x0F) | 0x40;
/* Set the UUID variant to DCE */
id[8] = (id[8] & 0x3F) | 0x80;
(This code is inspired by generate_random_uuid() of drivers/char/random.c from the kernel sources.)


The simple configuration file format of /etc/machine-id originates in the /var/lib/dbus/machine-id file introduced by D-Bus. In fact this latter file might be a symlink to /etc/machine-id.


systemd(1), systemd-machine-id-setup(1), gethostid(3), hostname(5), machine-info(5), os-release(5)


Lennart Poettering <>


RFC 4122
10/07/2013 systemd