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|TRUNCATE(2)||Linux Programmer's Manual||TRUNCATE(2)|
NAME¶truncate, ftruncate - truncate a file to a specified length
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
_BSD_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 || _XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED|| /* Since glibc 2.12: */ _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200809L
_BSD_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 || _XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED|| /* Since glibc 2.3.5: */ _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
DESCRIPTION¶The truncate() and ftruncate() functions cause the regular file named by path or referenced by fd to be truncated to a size of precisely length bytes. If the file previously was larger than this size, the extra data is lost. If the file previously was shorter, it is extended, and the extended part reads as null bytes ('\0'). The file offset is not changed. If the size changed, then the st_ctime and st_mtime fields (respectively, time of last status change and time of last modification; see stat(2)) for the file are updated, and the set-user-ID and set-group-ID permission bits may be cleared. With ftruncate(), the file must be open for writing; with truncate(), the file must be writable.
RETURN VALUE¶On success, zero is returned. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.
- Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix, or the named file is not writable by the user. (See also path_resolution(7).)
- Path points outside the process's allocated address space.
- The argument length is larger than the maximum file size. (XSI)
- While blocked waiting to complete, the call was interrupted by a signal handler; see fcntl(2) and signal(7).
- The argument length is negative or larger than the maximum file size.
- An I/O error occurred updating the inode.
- The named file is a directory.
- Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating the pathname.
- A component of a pathname exceeded 255 characters, or an entire pathname exceeded 1023 characters.
- The named file does not exist.
- A component of the path prefix is not a directory.
- The underlying file system does not support extending a file beyond its current size.
- The named file resides on a read-only file system.
- The file is a pure procedure (shared text) file that is being executed.
- fd is not a valid descriptor.
- EBADF or EINVAL
- fd is not open for writing.
- fd does not reference a regular file.
CONFORMING TO¶4.4BSD, SVr4, POSIX.1-2001 (these calls first appeared in 4.2BSD).
NOTES¶The details in DESCRIPTION are for XSI-compliant systems. For non-XSI-compliant systems, the POSIX standard allows two behaviors for ftruncate() when length exceeds the file length (note that truncate() is not specified at all in such an environment): either returning an error, or extending the file. Like most UNIX implementations, Linux follows the XSI requirement when dealing with native file systems. However, some nonnative file systems do not permit truncate() and ftruncate() to be used to extend a file beyond its current length: a notable example on Linux is VFAT.
BUGS¶A header file bug in glibc 2.12 meant that the minimum value of _POSIX_C_SOURCE required to expose the declaration of ftruncate() was 200809L instead of 200112L. This has been fixed in later glibc versions.
SEE ALSO¶open(2), stat(2), path_resolution(7)
COLOPHON¶This page is part of release 3.44 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.