— load a file into the
into the kernel using the
kernel linker. Note that if multiple modules are specified then an attempt
will be made to load them all, even if some fail. The .ko
extension name is not mandatory when loading a given module using
. It does not hurt to specify it though.
If a bare filename is requested it will only be loaded if it is found within the
module path as defined by the sysctl kern.module_path
To load a module from the current directory it must be specified as a full or
relative path. The kldload
utility will warn if a module is
requested as a bare filename and is present in the current directory.
The following options are available:
- Be more verbose.
- Silence any extraneous warnings.
The kernel security level settings may prevent a module from being loaded or
unloaded by giving Operation not permitted
- directory containing loadable modules. Modules must have an
extension of .ko.
utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if
an error occurs.
To load by module name:
To load by file name within the module path:
To load by relative path:
To load by full path:
> kldload /boot/kernel/foo.ko
Some modules (pf, ipfw, ipf, etc.) may be automatically loaded at boot time when
the corresponding rc.conf(5)
statement is used. Modules may
also be auto-loaded through their addition to
utility first appeared in FreeBSD
, replacing the lkm