|weston.ini(5)||File Formats Manual||weston.ini(5)|
NAME¶weston.ini - configuration file for Weston - the reference Wayland compositor
INTRODUCTION¶Weston obtains configuration from its command line parameters and the configuration file described here.
DESCRIPTION¶Weston uses a configuration file called weston.ini for its setup. The weston.ini configuration file is searched for in one of the following places when the server is started:
$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/weston.ini (if $XDG_CONFIG_HOME is set) $HOME/.config/weston.ini (if $HOME is set) weston/weston.ini in each $XDG_CONFIG_DIR (if $XDG_CONFIG_DIRS is set) /etc/xdg/weston/weston.ini (if $XDG_CONFIG_DIRS is not set) <current dir>/weston.ini (if no variables were set)
where environment variable $HOME is the user's home directory, and $XDG_CONFIG_HOME is the user specific configuration directory, and $XDG_CONFIG_DIRS is a colon ':' delimited listed of configuration base directories, such as /etc/xdg-foo:/etc/xdg.
The weston.ini file is composed of a number of sections which may be present in any order, or omitted to use default configuration values. Each section has the form:
[SectionHeader] Key1=Value1 Key2=Value2 ...
The spaces are significant. Comment lines are ignored:
The section headers are:
core The core modules and options libinput Input device configuration shell Desktop customization launcher Add launcher to the panel output Output configuration input-method Onscreen keyboard input keyboard Keyboard layouts terminal Terminal application options xwayland XWayland options screen-share Screen sharing options
Possible value types are string, signed and unsigned 32-bit integer, and boolean. Strings must not be quoted, do not support any escape sequences, and run till the end of the line. Integers can be given in decimal (e.g. 123), octal (e.g. 0173), and hexadecimal (e.g. 0x7b) form. Boolean values can be only 'true' or 'false'.
CORE SECTION¶The core section is used to select the startup compositor modules and general options.
- specifies a shell to load (string). This can be used to load your own implemented shell or one with Weston as default. Available shells in the /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/weston directory are:
- ask Weston to load the XWayland module (boolean).
- specifies the modules to load (string). Available modules in the /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/weston directory are:
- overrides defaults backend. Available backend modules in the /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libweston-5 directory are:
drm-backend.so fbdev-backend.so headless-backend.so rdp-backend.so wayland-backend.so x11-backend.so
- Set the approximate length of the repaint window in milliseconds. The repaint window is used to control and reduce the output latency for clients. If the window is longer than the output refresh period, the repaint will be done immediately when the previous repaint finishes, not processing client requests in between. If the repaint window is too short, the compositor may miss the target vertical blank, increasing output latency. The default value is 7 milliseconds. The allowed range is from -10 to 1000 milliseconds. Using a negative value will force the compositor to always miss the target vblank.
- sets the GBM format used for the framebuffer for the GBM backend. Can be xrgb8888, xrgb2101010, rgb565. By default, xrgb8888 is used.
- sets Weston's idle timeout in seconds. This idle timeout is the time after
which Weston will enter an "inactive" mode and screen will fade
to black. A value of 0 disables the timeout.
Important : This option may also be set via Weston's '-i' command line option and will take precedence over the current .ini option. This means that if both weston.ini and command line define this idle-timeout time, the one specified in the command-line will be used. On the other hand, if none of these sets the value, default idle timeout will be set to 300 seconds.
- require an input device for launch
- sets Weston's pageflip timeout in milliseconds. This sets a timer to exit gracefully with a log message and an exit code of 1 in case the DRM driver is non-responsive. Setting it to 0 disables this feature.
- Raises SIGSTOP before initializing the compositor. This allows the user to attach with a debugger and continue execution by sending SIGCONT. This is useful for debugging a crash on start-up when it would be inconvenient to launch weston directly from a debugger. Boolean, defaults to false. There is also a command line option to do the same.
LIBINPUT SECTION¶The libinput section is used to configure input devices when using the libinput input device backend.
Available configuration are:
- enables tap to click on touchpad devices
- Advertise the touchscreen calibrator interface to all clients. This is a
potential denial-of-service attack vector, so it should only be enabled on
trusted userspace. Boolean, defaults to false.
The interface is required for running touchscreen calibrator applications. It provides the application raw touch events, bypassing the normal touch handling. It also allows the application to upload a new calibration into the compositor.
Even though this option is listed in the libinput section, it does affect all Weston configurations regardless of the used backend. If the backend does not use libinput, the interface can still be advertised, but it will not list any devices.
- An optional calibration helper program to permanently save a new
touchscreen calibration. String, defaults to unset.
The given program will be executed with seven arguments when a calibrator application requests the server to take a new calibration matrix into use. The program is executed synchronously and will therefore block Weston for its duration. If the program exit status is non-zero, Weston will not apply the new calibration. If the helper is unset or the program exit status is zero, Weston will use the new calibration immediately.
The program is invoked as:
where syspath is the udev sys path for the device and m1 through m6 are the calibration matrix elements in libinput's LIBINPUT_CALIBRATION_MATRIX udev property format. The sys path is an absolute path and starts with the sys mount point.
SHELL SECTION¶The shell section is used to customize the compositor. Some keys may not be handled by different shell plugins.
The entries that can appear in this section are:
- sets the path for the shell client to run. If not specified weston-desktop-shell is launched (string).
- sets the path for the background image file (string).
- determines how the background image is drawn (string). Can be scale, scale-crop or tile (default). Scale means scaled to fit the output precisely, not preserving aspect ratio. Scale-crop preserves aspect ratio, scales the background image just big enough to cover the output, and centers it. The image ends up cropped from left and right, or top and bottom, if the aspect ratio does not match the output. Tile repeats the background image to fill the output.
- sets the color of the background (unsigned integer). The hexadecimal digit pairs are in order alpha, red, green, and blue.
- sets the panel clock format (string). Can be none, minutes, seconds. By default, minutes format is used.
- sets the color of the panel (unsigned integer). The hexadecimal digit pairs are in order transparency, red, green, and blue. Examples:
0xffff0000 Red 0xff00ff00 Green 0xff0000ff Blue 0x00ffffff Fully transparent
- sets the position of the panel (string). Can be top, bottom, left, right, none.
- enables screen locking (boolean).
- sets the effect used for opening new windows (string). Can be zoom, fade, none. By default, no animation is used.
- sets the effect used when closing windows (string). Can be fade, none. By default, the fade animation is used.
- sets the effect used for opening new windows (string). Can be fade, none. By default, the fade animation is used.
- sets the effect used with the focused and unfocused windows. Can be dim-layer, none. By default, no animation is used.
- whether the shell should quit when the Ctrl-Alt-Backspace key combination is pressed
- sets the modifier key used for common bindings (string), such as moving surfaces, resizing, rotating, switching, closing and setting the transparency for windows, controlling the backlight and zooming the desktop. Possible values: none, ctrl, alt, super (default)
- defines the number of workspaces (unsigned integer). The user can switch workspaces by using the binding+F1, F2 keys. If this key is not set, fall back to one workspace.
- sets the cursor theme (string).
- sets the cursor size (unsigned integer).
- sets the path to lock screen icon image (string). (tablet shell only)
- sets the path to lock screen background image (string). (tablet shell only)
- sets the path to home screen background image (string). (tablet shell only)
LAUNCHER SECTION¶There can be multiple launcher sections, one for each launcher.
- sets the path to icon image (string). Svg images are not currently supported.
- sets the path to the program that is run by clicking on this launcher
(string). It is possible to pass arguments and environment variables to
the program. For example:
path=GDK_BACKEND=wayland gnome-terminal --full-screen
OUTPUT SECTION¶There can be multiple output sections, each corresponding to one output. It is currently only recognized by the drm and x11 backends.
- sets a name for the output (string). The backend uses the name to identify the output. All X11 output names start with a letter X. All Wayland output names start with the letters WL. The available output names for DRM backend are listed in the weston-launch(1) output. Examples of usage:
LVDS1 DRM backend, Laptop internal panel no.1 VGA1 DRM backend, VGA connector no.1 X1 X11 backend, X window no.1 WL1 Wayland backend, Wayland window no.1
See weston-drm(7) for more details.
- sets the output mode (string). The mode parameter is handled differently
depending on the backend. On the X11 backend, it just sets the
WIDTHxHEIGHT of the weston window. The DRM backend accepts different
modes, along with an option of a modeline string.
See weston-drm(7) for examples of modes-formats supported by DRM backend.
- The transformation applied to screen output (string). The transform key can be one of the following 8 strings:
normal Normal output. 90 90 degrees clockwise. 180 Upside down. 270 90 degrees counter clockwise. flipped Horizontally flipped flipped-90 Flipped and 90 degrees clockwise flipped-180 Flipped upside down flipped-270 Flipped and 90 degrees counter clockwise
- The scaling multiplier applied to the entire output, in support of high resolution ("HiDPI" or "retina") displays, that roughly corresponds to the pixel ratio of the display's physical resolution to the logical resolution. Applications that do not support high resolution displays typically appear tiny and unreadable. Weston will scale the output of such applications by this multiplier, to make them readable. Applications that do support their own output scaling can draw their content in high resolution, in which case they avoid compositor scaling. Weston will not scale the output of such applications, and they are not affected by this multiplier.
An integer, 1 by default, typically configured as 2 or higher when needed, denoting the scaling multiplier for the output.
- The logical seat name that this output should be associated with. If this is set then the seat's input will be confined to the output that has the seat set on it. The expectation is that this functionality will be used in a multiheaded environment with a single compositor for multiple output and input configurations. The default seat is called "default" and will always be present. This seat can be constrained like any other.
- sets the path of the on screen keyboard input method (string).
KEYBOARD SECTION¶This section contains the following keys:
- sets the keymap rules file (string). Used to map layout and model to input device.
- sets the keymap model (string). See the Models section in xkeyboard-config(7).
- sets the comma separated list of keyboard layout codes (string). See the Layouts section in xkeyboard-config(7).
- sets the comma separated list of keyboard layout variants (string). The number of variants must be the same as the number of layouts above. See the Layouts section in xkeyboard-config(7).
- sets the keymap options (string). See the Options section in xkeyboard-config(7).
- sets the rate of repeating keys in characters per second (unsigned integer)
- sets the delay in milliseconds since key down until repeating starts (unsigned integer)
- sets the default state of the numlock on weston startup for the backends which support it.
- Whether to allow the use of Ctrl+Alt+Fn key combinations to switch away from the compositor's virtual console.
TERMINAL SECTION¶Contains settings for the weston terminal application (weston-terminal). It allows to customize the font and shell of the command line interface.
- font=DejaVu Sans Mono
- sets the font of the terminal (string). For a good experience it is recommended to use monospace fonts. In case the font is not found, the default one is used.
- sets the size of the terminal font (unsigned integer).
- The terminal shell (string). Sets the $TERM variable.
- sets the path to the xserver to run (string).
- command=/usr/bin/weston --backend=rdp-backend.so --shell=fullscreen-shell.so --no-clients-resize
- sets the command to start a fullscreen-shell server for screen sharing (string).
SEE ALSO¶weston(1), weston-launch(1), weston-drm(7), xkeyboard-config(7)