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SYSTEMD.DIRECTIVES(7) systemd.directives SYSTEMD.DIRECTIVES(7)

NAME

systemd.directives - Index of configuration directives

UNIT DIRECTIVES

Directives for configuring units, used in unit files.

Accept=

AccuracySec=

After=

Alias=

AllowIsolate=

AllowedCPUs=

AllowedMemoryNodes=

Also=

AmbientCapabilities=

AppArmorProfile=

AssertACPower=

AssertArchitecture=

AssertCapability=

AssertControlGroupController=

AssertDirectoryNotEmpty=

AssertFileIsExecutable=

AssertFileNotEmpty=

AssertFirstBoot=

AssertGroup=

AssertHost=

AssertKernelCommandLine=

AssertKernelVersion=

AssertNeedsUpdate=

AssertPathExists=

AssertPathExistsGlob=

AssertPathIsDirectory=

AssertPathIsMountPoint=

AssertPathIsReadWrite=

AssertPathIsSymbolicLink=

AssertSecurity=

AssertUser=

AssertVirtualization=

Backlog=

Before=

BindIPv6Only=

BindPaths=

BindReadOnlyPaths=

BindToDevice=

BindsTo=

BlockIOAccounting=

BlockIODeviceWeight=

BlockIOReadBandwidth=

BlockIOWeight=

BlockIOWriteBandwidth=

Broadcast=

BusName=

CPUAccounting=

CPUAffinity=

CPUQuota=

CPUQuotaPeriodSec=

CPUSchedulingPolicy=

CPUSchedulingPriority=

CPUSchedulingResetOnFork=

CPUShares=

CPUWeight=

CacheDirectory=

CacheDirectoryMode=

CapabilityBoundingSet=

CollectMode=

ConditionACPower=

ConditionArchitecture=

ConditionCPUs=

ConditionCapability=

ConditionControlGroupController=

ConditionDirectoryNotEmpty=

ConditionEnvironment=

ConditionFileIsExecutable=

ConditionFileNotEmpty=

ConditionFirstBoot=

ConditionGroup=

ConditionHost=

ConditionKernelCommandLine=

ConditionKernelVersion=

ConditionMemory=

ConditionNeedsUpdate=

ConditionPathExists=

ConditionPathExistsGlob=

ConditionPathIsDirectory=

ConditionPathIsEncrypted=

ConditionPathIsMountPoint=

ConditionPathIsReadWrite=

ConditionPathIsSymbolicLink=

ConditionSecurity=

ConditionUser=

ConditionVirtualization=

ConfigurationDirectory=

ConfigurationDirectoryMode=

Conflicts=

CoredumpFilter=

DefaultDependencies=

DefaultInstance=

DeferAcceptSec=

Delegate=

Description=

DeviceAllow=

DevicePolicy=

DirectoryMode=

DirectoryNotEmpty=

DisableControllers=

Documentation=

DynamicUser=

Environment=

EnvironmentFile=

ExecCondition=

ExecReload=

ExecStart=

ExecStartPost=

ExecStartPre=

ExecStop=

ExecStopPost=

ExecStopPre=

FailureAction=

FailureActionExitStatus=

FileDescriptorName=

FileDescriptorStoreMax=

FinalKillSignal=

ForceUnmount=

FreeBind=

Group=

GuessMainPID=

IOAccounting=

IODeviceLatencyTargetSec=

IODeviceWeight=

IOReadBandwidthMax=

IOReadIOPSMax=

IOSchedulingClass=

IOSchedulingPriority=

IOWeight=

IOWriteBandwidthMax=

IOWriteIOPSMax=

IPAccounting=

IPAddressAllow=

IPAddressDeny=

IPEgressFilterPath=

IPIngressFilterPath=

IPTOS=

IPTTL=

IgnoreOnIsolate=

IgnoreSIGPIPE=

InaccessiblePaths=

JobRunningTimeoutSec=

JobTimeoutAction=

JobTimeoutRebootArgument=

JobTimeoutSec=

JoinsNamespaceOf=

KeepAlive=

KeepAliveIntervalSec=

KeepAliveProbes=

KeepAliveTimeSec=

KeyringMode=

KillMode=

KillSignal=

LazyUnmount=

LimitAS=

LimitCORE=

LimitCPU=

LimitDATA=

LimitFSIZE=

LimitLOCKS=

LimitMEMLOCK=

LimitMSGQUEUE=

LimitNICE=

LimitNOFILE=

LimitNPROC=

LimitRSS=

LimitRTPRIO=

LimitRTTIME=

LimitSIGPENDING=

LimitSTACK=

ListenDatagram=

ListenFIFO=

ListenMessageQueue=

ListenNetlink=

ListenSequentialPacket=

ListenSpecial=

ListenStream=

ListenUSBFunction=

LockPersonality=

LogExtraFields=

LogLevelMax=

LogNamespace=

LogRateLimitBurst=

LogRateLimitIntervalSec=

LogsDirectory=

LogsDirectoryMode=

MakeDirectory=

Mark=

MaxConnections=

MaxConnectionsPerSource=

MemoryAccounting=

MemoryDenyWriteExecute=

MemoryHigh=

MemoryLimit=

MemoryLow=

MemoryMax=

MemoryMin=

MemorySwapMax=

MessageQueueMaxMessages=

MessageQueueMessageSize=

MountAPIVFS=

MountFlags=

NUMAMask=

NUMAPolicy=

NetworkNamespacePath=

Nice=

NoDelay=

NoNewPrivileges=

NonBlocking=

NotifyAccess=

OOMPolicy=

OOMScoreAdjust=

OnActiveSec=

OnBootSec=

OnCalendar=

OnClockChange=

OnFailure=

OnFailureJobMode=

OnStartupSec=

OnTimezoneChange=

OnUnitActiveSec=

OnUnitInactiveSec=

Options=

PAMName=

PIDFile=

PartOf=

PassCredentials=

PassEnvironment=

PassPacketInfo=

PassSecurity=

PathChanged=

PathExists=

PathExistsGlob=

PathModified=

Persistent=

Personality=

PipeSize=

Priority=

PrivateDevices=

PrivateMounts=

PrivateNetwork=

PrivateTmp=

PrivateUsers=

PropagatesReloadTo=

ProtectClock=

ProtectControlGroups=

ProtectHome=

ProtectHostname=

ProtectKernelLogs=

ProtectKernelModules=

ProtectKernelTunables=

ProtectSystem=

RandomizedDelaySec=

ReadOnlyPaths=

ReadWriteOnly=

ReadWritePaths=

RebootArgument=

ReceiveBuffer=

RefuseManualStart=

RefuseManualStop=

ReloadPropagatedFrom=

RemainAfterElapse=

RemainAfterExit=

RemoveIPC=

RemoveOnStop=

RequiredBy=

Requires=

RequiresMountsFor=

Requisite=

Restart=

RestartForceExitStatus=

RestartKillSignal=

RestartPreventExitStatus=

RestartSec=

RestrictAddressFamilies=

RestrictNamespaces=

RestrictRealtime=

RestrictSUIDSGID=

ReusePort=

RootDirectory=

RootDirectoryStartOnly=

RootHash=

RootHashSignature=

RootImage=

RootVerity=

RuntimeDirectory=

RuntimeDirectoryMode=

RuntimeDirectoryPreserve=

RuntimeMaxSec=

SELinuxContext=

SELinuxContextFromNet=

SecureBits=

SendBuffer=

SendSIGHUP=

SendSIGKILL=

Service=

Slice=

SloppyOptions=

SmackLabel=

SmackLabelIPIn=

SmackLabelIPOut=

SmackProcessLabel=

SocketGroup=

SocketMode=

SocketProtocol=

SocketUser=

Sockets=

SourcePath=

StandardError=

StandardInput=

StandardInputData=

StandardInputText=

StandardOutput=

StartLimitAction=

StartLimitBurst=

StartLimitIntervalSec=

StartupBlockIOWeight=

StartupCPUShares=

StartupCPUWeight=

StartupIOWeight=

StateDirectory=

StateDirectoryMode=

StopWhenUnneeded=

SuccessAction=

SuccessActionExitStatus=

SuccessExitStatus=

SupplementaryGroups=

Symlinks=

SyslogFacility=

SyslogIdentifier=

SyslogLevel=

SyslogLevelPrefix=

SystemCallArchitectures=

SystemCallErrorNumber=

SystemCallFilter=

TCPCongestion=

TTYPath=

TTYReset=

TTYVHangup=

TTYVTDisallocate=

TasksAccounting=

TasksMax=

TemporaryFileSystem=

TimeoutAbortSec=

TimeoutCleanSec=

TimeoutIdleSec=

TimeoutSec=

TimeoutStartFailureMode=

TimeoutStartSec=

TimeoutStopFailureMode=

TimeoutStopSec=

TimerSlackNSec=

Transparent=

TriggerLimitBurst=

TriggerLimitIntervalSec=

Type=

UMask=

USBFunctionDescriptors=

USBFunctionStrings=

Unit=

UnsetEnvironment=

User=

UtmpIdentifier=

UtmpMode=

WakeSystem=

WantedBy=

Wants=

WatchdogSec=

WatchdogSignal=

What=

Where=

WorkingDirectory=

Writable=

OPTIONS ON THE KERNEL COMMAND LINE

Kernel boot options for configuring the behaviour of the systemd process.

-b

1

2

3

4

5

S

bond=

bootdev=

bridge=

debug

emergency

fsck.mode=

kernel-command-line(7), systemd-fsck@.service(8)

fsck.repair=

kernel-command-line(7), systemd-fsck@.service(8)

fstab=

ifname=

ip=

locale.LANG=

locale.LANGUAGE=

locale.LC_ADDRESS=

locale.LC_COLLATE=

locale.LC_CTYPE=

locale.LC_IDENTIFICATION=

locale.LC_MEASUREMENT=

locale.LC_MESSAGES=

locale.LC_MONETARY=

locale.LC_NAME=

locale.LC_NUMERIC=

locale.LC_PAPER=

locale.LC_TELEPHONE=

locale.LC_TIME=

luks.crypttab=

luks.key=

luks.name=

luks.options=

luks.uuid=

luks=

modules_load=

mount.usr=

mount.usrflags=

mount.usrfstype=

net.ifnames=

net.naming-scheme=

noresume

plymouth.enable=

quiet

quotacheck.mode=

rd.emergency

rd.fstab=

rd.luks.crypttab=

rd.luks.key=

rd.luks.name=

rd.luks.options=

rd.luks.uuid=

rd.luks=

rd.modules_load=

rd.peerdns=

rd.rescue

rd.route=

rd.systemd.gpt_auto

rd.systemd.gpt_auto=

rd.systemd.unit=

rd.systemd.verity=

rd.udev.blockdev_read_only

rd.udev.children_max=

rd.udev.event_timeout=

rd.udev.exec_delay=

rd.udev.log_priority=

rd.udev.timeout_signal=

rescue

resume=

resumeflags=

ro

root=

rootflags=

rootfstype=

roothash=

rw

s

single

systemd.clock-usec=

systemd.condition-first-boot=

systemd.condition-needs-update=

systemd.confirm_spawn

systemd.cpu_affinity=

systemd.crash_chvt

systemd.crash_reboot

systemd.crash_shell

systemd.debug_shell

systemd.default_standard_error=

systemd.default_standard_output=

systemd.default_timeout_start_sec=

systemd.dump_core

systemd.early_core_pattern=

systemd.firstboot=

systemd.gpt_auto

systemd.gpt_auto=

systemd.hostname=

systemd.journald.forward_to_console=

systemd.journald.forward_to_kmsg=

systemd.journald.forward_to_syslog=

systemd.journald.forward_to_wall=

systemd.legacy_systemd_cgroup_controller

systemd.log_color

systemd.log_level=

systemd.log_location

systemd.log_location=

systemd.log_target=

systemd.log_time

systemd.machine_id=

systemd.mask=

systemd.random-seed=

systemd.restore_state=

kernel-command-line(7), systemd-backlight@.service(8), systemd-rfkill.service(8)

systemd.run=

systemd.run_failure_action=

systemd.run_success_action=

systemd.service_watchdogs

systemd.service_watchdogs=

systemd.setenv=

systemd.show_status

systemd.status_unit_format=

systemd.swap

systemd.unified_cgroup_hierarchy

systemd.unit=

systemd.verity=

systemd.verity_root_data=

systemd.verity_root_hash=

systemd.volatile=

systemd.wants=

systemd.watchdog_device=

udev.blockdev_read_only

udev.children_max=

udev.event_timeout=

udev.exec_delay=

udev.log_priority=

udev.timeout_signal=

vconsole.font=

vconsole.font_map=

vconsole.font_unimap=

vconsole.keymap=

vconsole.keymap_toggle=

vlan=

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

Environment variables understood by the systemd manager and other programs and environment variable-compatible settings.

$CACHE_DIRECTORY

$CONFIGURATION_DIRECTORY

$EMAIL

$EXIT_CODE

$EXIT_STATUS

$HOME

$INVOCATION_ID

$JOURNAL_STREAM

$LANG

$LISTEN_FDNAMES

$LISTEN_FDS

$LISTEN_PID

$LOGNAME

$LOGS_DIRECTORY

$LOG_NAMESPACE

$MAINPID

$MANAGERPID

$NOTIFY_SOCKET

$PATH

$PIDFILE

$PREVLEVEL

$RUNLEVEL

$RUNTIME_DIRECTORY

$SERVICE_RESULT

$SHELL

$STATE_DIRECTORY

$SYSTEMD_COLORS

$SYSTEMD_DEBUGGER

$SYSTEMD_EDITOR

$SYSTEMD_ENVIRONMENT_GENERATOR_PATH

$SYSTEMD_GENERATOR_PATH

$SYSTEMD_LESS

$SYSTEMD_LESSCHARSET

$SYSTEMD_LOG_COLOR

$SYSTEMD_LOG_LEVEL

$SYSTEMD_LOG_LOCATION

$SYSTEMD_LOG_TARGET

$SYSTEMD_LOG_TIME

$SYSTEMD_PAGER

$SYSTEMD_RANDOM_SEED_CREDIT

$SYSTEMD_SYSVINIT_PATH

$SYSTEMD_SYSVRCND_PATH

$SYSTEMD_UNIT_PATH

$SYSTEMD_URLIFY

$TERM

$TZ

$USER

$WATCHDOG_PID

$WATCHDOG_USEC

$XDG_CONFIG_DIRS

$XDG_CONFIG_HOME

$XDG_DATA_DIRS

$XDG_DATA_HOME

$XDG_RUNTIME_DIR

$XDG_SEAT

$XDG_SESSION_CLASS

$XDG_SESSION_DESKTOP

$XDG_SESSION_ID

$XDG_SESSION_TYPE

$XDG_VTNR

ANSI_COLOR=

BUG_REPORT_URL=

BUILD_ID=

CHASSIS=

CPE_NAME=

DEPLOYMENT=

DOCUMENTATION_URL=

HOME_URL=

ICON_NAME=

ID=

ID_LIKE=

LOCATION=

LOGO=

NAME=

PRETTY_HOSTNAME=

PRETTY_NAME=

PRIVACY_POLICY_URL=

SUPPORT_URL=

VARIANT=

VARIANT_ID=

VERSION=

VERSION_CODENAME=

VERSION_ID=

EFI VARIABLES

EFI variables understood by systemd-boot(7) and other programs.

LoaderBootCountPath

LoaderConfigTimeout

LoaderConfigTimeoutOneShot

LoaderDevicePartUUID

LoaderEntries

LoaderEntryDefault

LoaderEntryOneShot

LoaderEntrySelected

LoaderFeatures

LoaderFirmwareInfo

LoaderFirmwareType

LoaderImageIdentifier

LoaderInfo

LoaderRandomSeed

LoaderSystemToken

LoaderTimeExecUSec

LoaderTimeInitUSec

LoaderTimeMenuUsec

HOME AREA/USER ACCOUNT DIRECTIVES

Directives for configuring home areas and user accounts via systemd-homed.service(8).

UDEV DIRECTIVES

Directives for configuring systemd units through the udev database.

$$

$attr{file}

$devnode

$devpath

$driver

$env{key}

$id

$kernel

$links

$major

$minor

$name

$number

$parent

$result

$root

$sys

"%%"

%E{key}

%M

"%N"

"%P"

"%S"

"%b"

%c

%k

"%m"

"%n"

"%p"

%r

%s{file}

ACTION

ATTRS{filename}

ATTR{filename}

CONST{key}

DEVPATH

DRIVER

DRIVERS

ENV{key}

GOTO

GROUP

ID_AUTOSEAT

ID_FOR_SEAT

ID_MODEL=

ID_MODEL_FROM_DATABASE=

ID_SEAT

IMPORT{type}

KERNEL

KERNELS

LABEL

MODE

NAME

OPTIONS

OWNER

PROGRAM

RESULT

RUN{type}

SECLABEL{module}

SUBSYSTEM

SUBSYSTEMS

SYMLINK

SYSCTL{kernel parameter}

SYSTEMD_ALIAS=

SYSTEMD_MOUNT_OPTIONS=

SYSTEMD_MOUNT_WHERE=

SYSTEMD_READY=

SYSTEMD_USER_WANTS=

SYSTEMD_WANTS=

TAG

TAGS

TEST{octal mode mask}

db_persist

link_priority=

nowatch

static_node=

string_escape=

watch

NETWORK DIRECTIVES

Directives for configuring network links through the net-setup-link udev builtin and networks through systemd-networkd.

ARP=

ARPAllTargets=

ARPIPTargets=

ARPIntervalSec=

ARPValidate=

Activate=

ActiveSlave=

AdActorSystem=

AdActorSystemPriority=

AdSelect=

AdUserPortKey=

AddPrefixRoute=

Address=

AddressAutoconfiguration=

Advertise=

AgeingTimeSec=

Alias=

AllMulticast=

AllSlavesActive=

AllowList=

AllowLocalRemote=

AllowPortToBeRoot=

AllowedIPs=

AlternativeName=

AlternativeNamesPolicy=

Anonymize=

Architecture=

Assign=

AssignToLoopback=

AssociatedWith=

AutoJoin=

AutoNegotiation=

AutoNegotiationFlowControl=

BSSID=

Bands=

Bandwidth=

BindCarrier=

BitRate=

BitsPerSecond=

Bond=

Bridge=

Broadcast=

Buckets=

BufferBytes=

BurstBytes=

CEThresholdSec=

Cache=

CeilBufferBytes=

CeilRate=

ClassId=

ClientIdentifier=

CombinedChannels=

ConfigureWithoutCarrier=

CopyDSCP=

Cost=

DHCP=

DHCPServer=

DHCPv6Client=

DNS=

DNSDefaultRoute=

DNSLifetimeSec=

DNSOverTLS=

DNSSEC=

DNSSECNegativeTrustAnchors=

DNSStubListener=

DUIDRawData=

DUIDType=

DataBitRate=

DataSamplePoint=

DefaultClass=

DefaultLeaseTimeSec=

DefaultPVID=

DefaultRouteOnDevice=

DefaultVirtualQueue=

DelayJitterSec=

DelaySec=

DenyList=

Description=

Destination=

DestinationPort=

DiscoverPathMTU=

Domains=

DownDelaySec=

Driver=

Duplex=

DuplicateAddressDetection=

DuplicateRate=

DynamicTransmitLoadBalancing=

ECN=

ERSPANIndex=

EgressUntagged=

EmitDNS=

EmitDomains=

EmitLLDP=

EmitLPR=

EmitNTP=

EmitPOP3=

EmitRouter=

EmitSIP=

EmitSMTP=

EmitTimezone=

Encapsulation=

EncapsulationLimit=

EncapsulationType=

Encrypt=

Endpoint=

FDBAgeingSec=

FDMode=

FDNonISO=

FOUDestinationPort=

FOUSourcePort=

FailOverMACPolicy=

FallbackDNS=

FallbackLeaseLifetimeSec=

FallbackNTP=

Family=

FastLeave=

FastOpenNoCookie=

FirewallMark=

Flags=

FlowLabel=

FlowLimit=

Flows=

FooOverUDP=

ForceDHCPv6PDOtherInformation=

ForwardDelaySec=

From=

GVRP=

Gateway=

GatewayOnLink=

GenericProtocolExtension=

GenericRIO=

GenericReceiveOffload=

GenericSegmentationOffload=

GratuitousARP=

Group=

GroupForwardMask=

GroupPolicyExtension=

HairPin=

Handle=

HelloTimeSec=

HomeAddress=

Host=

Hostname=

IAID=

IPDoNotFragment=

IPForward=

IPMasquerade=

IPProtocol=

IPServiceType=

IPVLAN=

IPv4AcceptLocal=

IPv4LLRoute=

IPv4ProxyARP=

IPv6AcceptRA=

IPv6DuplicateAddressDetection=

IPv6FlowLabel=

IPv6HopLimit=

IPv6LinkLocalAddressGenerationMode=

IPv6MTUBytes=

IPv6Preference=

IPv6PrefixDelegation=

IPv6PrivacyExtensions=

IPv6ProxyNDP=

IPv6ProxyNDPAddress=

IPv6RapidDeploymentPrefix=

IPv6Token=

ISATAP=

Id=

IgnoreCarrierLoss=

IncomingInterface=

Independent=

InitialAdvertisedReceiveWindow=

InitialCongestionWindow=

InitialQuantumBytes=

InputKey=

InterfaceId=

IntervalSec=

InvertRule=

KeepConfiguration=

KernelCommandLine=

KernelVersion=

Key=

KeyFile=

KeyId=

Kind=

L2MissNotification=

L3MissNotification=

LACPTransmitRate=

LLDP=

LLMNR=

LPR=

Label=

LargeReceiveOffload=

LatencySec=

Layer2SpecificHeader=

LearnPacketIntervalSec=

Learning=

LifetimeSec=

LimitBytes=

LinkLayerAddress=

LinkLocalAddressing=

LinkState=

ListenOnly=

ListenPort=

Local=

LooseBinding=

LossRate=

MACAddress=

MACAddressPolicy=

MACSpoofCheck=

MACVLAN=

MACsec=

MIIMonitorSec=

MPUBytes=

MTUBytes=

MUDURL=

MVRP=

MacLearning=

ManageForeignRoutes=

ManageTemporaryAddress=

Managed=

MaxAgeSec=

MaxAttempts=

MaxLeaseTimeSec=

MaxPacketBytes=

MaximumFDBEntries=

MaximumRate=

MemoryLimitBytes=

Metric=

MinLinks=

Mode=

MultiPathRoute=

MultiQueue=

Multicast=

MulticastDNS=

MulticastFlood=

MulticastIGMPVersion=

MulticastQuerier=

MulticastRouter=

MulticastSnooping=

MulticastToUnicast=

NTP=

Name=

NamePolicy=

NeighborSuppression=

OnLink=

OriginalName=

OrphanMask=

OtherChannels=

OtherInformation=

OutgoingInterface=

OutputKey=

OverheadBytes=

POP3=

PVID=

Pacing=

PacketInfo=

PacketLimit=

PacketNumber=

PacketsPerSlave=

Parent=

Path=

PeakRate=

Peer=

PeerPort=

PeerSessionId=

PeerTunnelId=

PermanentMACAddress=

PersistentKeepalive=

PerturbPeriodSec=

PollIntervalMaxSec=

PollIntervalMinSec=

PoolOffset=

PoolSize=

Port=

PortRange=

PreferredLifetime=

PreferredLifetimeSec=

PreferredSource=

Prefix=

PrefixDelegationHint=

PresharedKey=

PresharedKeyFile=

PrimaryReselectPolicy=

PrimarySlave=

Priority=

PriorityMap=

PrivateKey=

PrivateKeyFile=

Property=

Protocol=

ProxyARP=

ProxyARPWiFi=

PublicKey=

QualityOfService=

QuantumBytes=

QueryReceiveSideScaling=

QuickAck=

RapidCommit=

Rate=

RateToQuantum=

ReadEtcHosts=

ReceiveChecksumOffload=

ReduceARPProxy=

Remote=

RemoteChecksumRx=

RemoteChecksumTx=

ReorderHeader=

RequestBroadcast=

RequestOptions=

RequiredForOnline=

ResendIGMP=

ResolveUnicastSingleLabel=

RestartSec=

RootDistanceMaxSec=

Route=

RouteMTUBytes=

RouteMetric=

RouteShortCircuit=

RouteTable=

RouterLifetimeSec=

RouterPreference=

RoutesToDNS=

RxBufferSize=

RxChannels=

RxFlowControl=

RxJumboBufferSize=

RxMiniBufferSize=

SIP=

SMTP=

SSID=

STP=

SamplePoint=

Scope=

SendDecline=

SendHostname=

SendOption=

SendRelease=

SendVendorOption=

SerializeTunneledPackets=

SessionId=

Source=

SourceMACAddress=

SourcePort=

SpeedMeter=

SpeedMeterIntervalSec=

StrictBands=

SubnetId=

SuppressPrefixLength=

TCP6SegmentationOffload=

TCPSegmentationOffload=

TOS=

TTL=

TTLPropagate=

Table=

TargetSec=

Termination=

Timezone=

To=

Token=

TransmitChecksumOffload=

TransmitHashPolicy=

TripleSampling=

Trust=

Tunnel=

TunnelId=

TxBufferSize=

TxChannels=

TxFlowControl=

TxtData=

TxtText=

Type=

TypeOfService=

UDP6ZeroChecksumRx=

UDP6ZeroChecksumTx=

UDPChecksum=

UDPDestinationPort=

UDPSourcePort=

UnicastFlood=

Unmanaged=

UpDelaySec=

UseAutonomousPrefix=

UseBPDU=

UseDNS=

UseDomains=

UseForEncoding=

UseGateway=

UseHostname=

UseMTU=

UseNTP=

UseOnLinkPrefix=

UseRoutes=

UseSIP=

UseTimezone=

User=

UserClass=

VLAN=

VLANFiltering=

VLANId=

VLANProtocol=

VNI=

VNetHeader=

VRF=

VXLAN=

ValidLifetimeSec=

VendorClass=

VendorClassIdentifier=

VirtualFunction=

VirtualQueues=

Virtualization=

WLANInterfaceType=

WakeOnLan=

Weight=

WithoutRA=

Xfrm=

JOURNAL FIELDS

Fields in the journal events with a well known meaning.

CODE_FILE=

CODE_FUNC=

CODE_LINE=

COREDUMP_UNIT=

COREDUMP_USER_UNIT=

DOCUMENTATION=

ERRNO=

INVOCATION_ID=

MESSAGE=

MESSAGE_ID=

OBJECT_AUDIT_LOGINUID=

OBJECT_AUDIT_SESSION=

OBJECT_CMDLINE=

OBJECT_COMM=

OBJECT_EXE=

OBJECT_GID=

OBJECT_PID=

OBJECT_SYSTEMD_CGROUP=

OBJECT_SYSTEMD_OWNER_UID=

OBJECT_SYSTEMD_SESSION=

OBJECT_SYSTEMD_UNIT=

OBJECT_SYSTEMD_USER_UNIT=

OBJECT_UID=

PRIORITY=

SYSLOG_FACILITY=

SYSLOG_IDENTIFIER=

SYSLOG_PID=

SYSLOG_RAW=

SYSLOG_TIMESTAMP=

USER_INVOCATION_ID=

_AUDIT_LOGINUID=

_AUDIT_SESSION=

_BOOT_ID=

_CAP_EFFECTIVE=

_CMDLINE=

_COMM=

_EXE=

_GID=

_HOSTNAME=

_KERNEL_DEVICE=

_KERNEL_SUBSYSTEM=

_LINE_BREAK=

_MACHINE_ID=

_NAMESPACE=

_PID=

_SELINUX_CONTEXT=

_SOURCE_REALTIME_TIMESTAMP=

_STREAM_ID=

_SYSTEMD_CGROUP=

_SYSTEMD_INVOCATION_ID=

_SYSTEMD_OWNER_UID=

_SYSTEMD_SESSION=

_SYSTEMD_SLICE=

_SYSTEMD_UNIT=

_SYSTEMD_USER_SLICE=

_SYSTEMD_USER_UNIT=

_TRANSPORT=

_UDEV_DEVLINK=

_UDEV_DEVNODE=

_UDEV_SYSNAME=

_UID=

__CURSOR=

__MONOTONIC_TIMESTAMP=

__REALTIME_TIMESTAMP=

PAM CONFIGURATION DIRECTIVES

Directives for configuring PAM behaviour.

class=

debug

desktop=

systemd.cpu_weight=

systemd.io_weight=

systemd.memory_max=

systemd.runtime_max_sec=

systemd.tasks_max=

type=

/ETC/CRYPTTAB AND /ETC/FSTAB OPTIONS

Options which influence mounted filesystems and encrypted volumes.

_netdev

auto

bitlk

cipher=

discard

hash=

header=

key-slot=

keyfile-erase

keyfile-offset=

keyfile-size=

keyfile-timeout=

luks

noauto

nofail

offset=

pkcs11-uri=

plain

read-only

readonly

same-cpu-crypt

sector-size=

size=

skip=

submit-from-crypt-cpus

swap

tcrypt

tcrypt-hidden

tcrypt-keyfile=

tcrypt-system

tcrypt-veracrypt

timeout=

tmp=

tries=

try-empty-password=

verify

x-initrd.attach

x-initrd.mount

x-systemd.after=

x-systemd.automount

x-systemd.before=

x-systemd.device-bound

x-systemd.device-timeout=

x-systemd.growfs

x-systemd.idle-timeout=

x-systemd.makefs

x-systemd.mount-timeout=

x-systemd.required-by=

x-systemd.requires-mounts-for=

x-systemd.requires=

x-systemd.rw-only

x-systemd.wanted-by=

SYSTEMD.NSPAWN(5) DIRECTIVES

Directives for configuring systemd-nspawn containers.

Bind=

BindReadOnly=

Boot=

Bridge=

CPUAffinity=

Capability=

DropCapability=

Environment=

Ephemeral=

Hostname=

IPVLAN=

Inaccessible=

Interface=

KillSignal=

LimitAS=

LimitCORE=

LimitCPU=

LimitDATA=

LimitFSIZE=

LimitLOCKS=

LimitMEMLOCK=

LimitMSGQUEUE=

LimitNICE=

LimitNOFILE=

LimitNPROC=

LimitRSS=

LimitRTPRIO=

LimitRTTIME=

LimitSIGPENDING=

LimitSTACK=

LinkJournal=

MACVLAN=

MachineID=

NoNewPrivileges=

NotifyReady=

OOMScoreAdjust=

Overlay=

OverlayReadOnly=

Parameters=

Personality=

PivotRoot=

Port=

Private=

PrivateUsers=

PrivateUsersChown=

ProcessTwo=

ReadOnly=

ResolvConf=

SystemCallFilter=

TemporaryFileSystem=

Timezone=

User=

VirtualEthernet=

VirtualEthernetExtra=

Volatile=

WorkingDirectory=

Zone=

PROGRAM CONFIGURATION OPTIONS

Directives for configuring the behaviour of the systemd process and other tools through configuration files.

AllowHibernation=

AllowHybridSleep=

AllowSuspend=

AllowSuspendThenHibernate=

Audit=

CPUAffinity=

CapabilityBoundingSet=

Compress=

CrashChangeVT=

CrashReboot=

CrashShell=

CtrlAltDelBurstAction=

DefaultBlockIOAccounting=

DefaultCPUAccounting=

DefaultEnvironment=

DefaultIOAccounting=

DefaultIPAccounting=

DefaultLimitAS=

DefaultLimitCORE=

DefaultLimitCPU=

DefaultLimitDATA=

DefaultLimitFSIZE=

DefaultLimitLOCKS=

DefaultLimitMEMLOCK=

DefaultLimitMSGQUEUE=

DefaultLimitNICE=

DefaultLimitNOFILE=

DefaultLimitNPROC=

DefaultLimitRSS=

DefaultLimitRTPRIO=

DefaultLimitRTTIME=

DefaultLimitSIGPENDING=

DefaultLimitSTACK=

DefaultMemoryAccounting=

DefaultOOMPolicy=

DefaultRestartSec=

DefaultStandardError=

DefaultStandardOutput=

DefaultStartLimitBurst=

DefaultStartLimitIntervalSec=

DefaultTasksAccounting=

DefaultTasksMax=

DefaultTimeoutAbortSec=

DefaultTimeoutStartSec=

DefaultTimeoutStopSec=

DefaultTimerAccuracySec=

DumpCore=

ExternalSizeMax=

ForwardToConsole=

ForwardToKMsg=

ForwardToSyslog=

ForwardToWall=

HandleHibernateKey=

HandleLidSwitch=

HandleLidSwitchDocked=

HandleLidSwitchExternalPower=

HandlePowerKey=

HandleSuspendKey=

HibernateDelaySec=

HibernateKeyIgnoreInhibited=

HibernateMode=

HibernateState=

HoldoffTimeoutSec=

HybridSleepMode=

HybridSleepState=

IdleAction=

IdleActionSec=

InhibitDelayMaxSec=

InhibitorsMax=

JournalSizeMax=

KExecWatchdogSec=

KeepFree=

KillExcludeUsers=

KillOnlyUsers=

KillUserProcesses=

LidSwitchIgnoreInhibited=

LineMax=

LogColor=

LogLevel=

LogLocation=

LogTarget=

LogTime=

MaxFileSec=

MaxLevelConsole=

MaxLevelKMsg=

MaxLevelStore=

MaxLevelSyslog=

MaxLevelWall=

MaxRetentionSec=

MaxUse=

NAutoVTs=

NUMAMask=

NUMAPolicy=

NoNewPrivileges=

PowerKeyIgnoreInhibited=

ProcessSizeMax=

RateLimitBurst=

RateLimitIntervalSec=

ReadKMsg=

RebootWatchdogSec=

RemoveIPC=

ReserveVT=

RuntimeDirectoryInodesMax=

RuntimeDirectorySize=

RuntimeKeepFree=

RuntimeMaxFileSize=

RuntimeMaxFiles=

RuntimeMaxUse=

RuntimeWatchdogSec=

Seal=

ServerCertificateFile=

ServerKeyFile=

SessionsMax=

ShowStatus=

SplitMode=

StatusUnitFormat=

Storage=

SuspendKeyIgnoreInhibited=

SuspendMode=

SuspendState=

SyncIntervalSec=

SystemCallArchitectures=

SystemKeepFree=

SystemMaxFileSize=

SystemMaxFiles=

SystemMaxUse=

TTYPath=

TimerSlackNSec=

TrustedCertificateFile=

URL=

Unlink=

UserStopDelaySec=

WatchdogDevice=

children_max=

event_timeout=

exec_delay=

resolve_names=

timeout_signal=

udev_log=

COMMAND LINE OPTIONS

Command-line options accepted by programs in the systemd suite.

--accept

--accept-cached

--acquired

--action

--activatable

--address

--adjust-system-clock

--after

--after-cursor

--all

--allow-interactive-authorization

--any

--app-specific

--are-updates-enabled

--as-pid2

--attr-match

--attr-nomatch

--attribute-walk

--augment-creds

--auto-start

--automount

--automount-property

--base-time

--batch

--before

--bind

--bind-device

--bind-ro

--boot[=[ID][±offset]|all]

--boot-loader-entry

--boot-loader-menu

--boot-path

--booted

--capability

--case-sensitive[=BOOLEAN]

--cat

--cat-config

--catalog

--cert

--chdir

--children-max

--chroot

--class

--clean

--cleanup-db

--cname

--collect

--commit

--compress

--confirm-spawn

--connections-max

--console

--container

--copy

--cpu

--cpu-affinity

--crash-reboot

--crash-shell

--crash-vt

--create

--cursor

--cursor-file

--daemon

--datagram

--debug

--debugger

--default-standard-error

--default-standard-output

--delay

--depth

--description

--destination

--device-id-of-file

--diff

--directory

--disable-updates

--discover

--disk-usage

--dmesg

--drop-capability

--dry-run

--dump-bus-properties

--dump-catalog

--dump-configuration-items

--dump-core

--echo

--enable

--enable-updates

--ephemeral

--esp-path

--event-timeout

--exclude-prefix

--exec-delay

--exit

--exit-idle-time

--exit-if-exists

--expect-reply

--export

--export-db

--export-prefix

--facility

--fail

--failed

--fdname

--field

--fields

--file

--firmware-setup

--flush

--follow

--force

--format

--from-pattern

--fsck

--full

--fuzz

--generators

--getter

--gid

--global

--gnutls-log

--graceful

--grep

--halt

--header

--help

--host

--hostname

--icon

--id

--identifier

--ignore

--ignore-inhibitors

--image

--inaccessible

--inetd

--inline

--instance

--interface

--interval

--iterations

--job-mode

--json

--keep-unit

--kernel

--key

--keyname

--kill-signal

--kill-who

--legend

--level-prefix

--lines

--link-journal

--list

--list-boots

--list-catalog

--listen

--listen-http

--listen-https

--listen-raw

--log-color

--log-level

--log-location

--log-priority

--log-target

--log-time

--machine

--machine-id

--man

--mangle

--match

--max-addresses

--merge

--message

--mkdir

--mode

--monitor

--multiple

--name

--name-match

--namespace

--network-bridge

--network-interface

--network-ipvlan

--network-macvlan

--network-namespace-path

--network-veth

--network-veth-extra

--network-zone

--nice

--no-ask-password

--no-block

--no-convert

--no-full

--no-hostname

--no-legend

--no-new-privileges

--no-output

--no-pager

--no-reload

--no-sync

--no-tail

--no-tty

--no-variables

--no-wall

--no-wtmp

--notify-ready

--now

--oci-bundle

--on-active

--on-boot

--on-calendar

--on-clock-change

--on-startup

--on-timezone-change

--on-unit-active

--on-unit-inactive

--oom-score-adjust

--operational-state

--options

--order

--output

--output-fields

--overlay

--overlay-ro

--owner

--pager-end

--parent-match

--path

--path-property

--personality

--pid

--ping

--pipe

--pivot-root

--plain

--plymouth

--port

--poweroff

--prefix

--preset-mode

--pretty

--print

--print-boot-path

--print-esp-path

--priority

--private-network

--private-users

--private-users-chown

--profile

--property

--property-match

--protocol

--pty

--query

--quiet

--raw

--read-only

--ready

--reboot

--reboot-argument

--recursive

--register

--relinquish-var

--reload

--remain-after-exit

--remove

--replace

--require

--resolv-conf

--resolve-names

--reverse

--rlimit

--root

--root-hash

--root-hash-sig

--rotate

--runtime

--same-dir

--save-state

--scope

--seal

--search

--selinux-apifs-context

--selinux-context

--send-sighup

--seqpacket

--service-address

--service-txt

--service-type

--service-watchdogs

--setenv

--settings

--settle

--setup-keys

--shell

--show-cursor

--show-machine

--show-status

--show-transaction

--show-types

--signal

--since

--size

--slice

--slice-inherit

--smart-relinquish-var

--socket-property

--split-mode

--start-exec-queue

--state

--static

--stats

--status

--stderr-priority

--stop-exec-queue

--strict

--subsystem-match

--subsystem-nomatch

--suffix

--sync

--sysname-match

--system

--system-call-filter

--tag-match

--template

--test

--timeout

--timeout-idle-sec

--timeout-signal

--timer-property

--timezone

--tmpfs

--to-pattern

--transient

--trust

--type

--udev

--uid

--umount

--unescape

--unique

--unit

--unregister

--until

--update-catalog

--url

--user

--user-unit

--usr

--utc

--uuid

--vacuum-files

--vacuum-size

--vacuum-time

--value

--verbose

--verify

--verify-key

--verity-data

--version

--vm

--volatile

--wait

--wait-daemon[

--wait-for-initialization[=SECONDS]

--wall

--watch

--watch-bind

--what

--who

--why

--with-dependencies

--working-directory

--wtmp-only

--xml-interface

-1

-4

-6

-A

-D

-E

-F

-G

-H

-I

-L

-M

-N

-P

-R

-S

-T

-U

-V

-Z

-a

-b

-c

-d

-e

-f

-g

-h

-i

-j

-k

-l

-m

-n

-o

-p

-q

-r

-s

-t

-u

-v

-w

-x

-y

K

X

arp

audit

aui

auto

bad

bnc

broadcast

cat

closed

database

driver

export

fibre

good

hibernate

hybrid-sleep

indeterminate

install

is-installed

journal

json

json-pretty

json-seq

json-sse

keep

kernel

link-layer

link-layer-time[:TIME]

list

mac

magic

mii

multicast

none

off

onboard

path

persistent

phy

random

random-seed

reboot-to-firmware

remove

secureon

set-default

set-oneshot

short

short-full

short-iso

short-iso-precise

short-monotonic

short-precise

short-unix

slot

status

stdout

strict

suspend

suspend-then-hibernate

syslog

systemd-efi-options

tp

unicast

update

uuid

vendor

verbose

with-unit

CONSTANTS

Various constant used and/or defined by systemd.

-1

's'

'y'

-0

-1

-E2BIG

-EADDRINUSE

-EADDRNOTAVAIL

-EAGAIN

-EALREADY

-EBADF

-EBADMSG

-EBUSY

-ECHILD

-ECONNRESET

-EDOM

-EEXIST

-EINVAL

sd_bus_add_node_enumerator(3), sd_bus_add_object(3), sd_bus_add_object_manager(3), sd_bus_call(3), sd_bus_creds_get_pid(3), sd_bus_creds_new_from_pid(3), sd_bus_default(3), sd_bus_emit_signal(3), sd_bus_error(3), sd_bus_error_add_map(3), sd_bus_get_fd(3), sd_bus_get_name_creds(3), sd_bus_get_name_machine_id(3), sd_bus_interface_name_is_valid(3), sd_bus_list_names(3), sd_bus_message_append(3), sd_bus_message_append_array(3), sd_bus_message_append_basic(3), sd_bus_message_append_string_memfd(3), sd_bus_message_append_strv(3), sd_bus_message_at_end(3), sd_bus_message_copy(3), sd_bus_message_get_cookie(3), sd_bus_message_get_monotonic_usec(3), sd_bus_message_get_signature(3), sd_bus_message_get_type(3), sd_bus_message_new(3), sd_bus_message_new_method_call(3), sd_bus_message_new_method_error(3), sd_bus_message_new_signal(3), sd_bus_message_open_container(3), sd_bus_message_read(3), sd_bus_message_read_array(3), sd_bus_message_read_basic(3), sd_bus_message_read_strv(3), sd_bus_message_rewind(3), sd_bus_message_seal(3), sd_bus_message_sensitive(3), sd_bus_message_set_destination(3), sd_bus_message_set_expect_reply(3), sd_bus_message_skip(3), sd_bus_message_verify_type(3), sd_bus_negotiate_fds(3), sd_bus_process(3), sd_bus_query_sender_creds(3), sd_bus_reply_method_error(3), sd_bus_reply_method_return(3), sd_bus_request_name(3), sd_bus_send(3), sd_bus_set_address(3), sd_bus_set_description(3), sd_bus_set_exit_on_disconnect(3), sd_bus_set_method_call_timeout(3), sd_bus_set_server(3), sd_bus_slot_set_description(3), sd_bus_slot_set_destroy_callback(3), sd_bus_slot_set_floating(3), sd_bus_start(3), sd_bus_track_add_name(3), sd_bus_track_new(3), sd_bus_wait(3), sd_event_add_child(3), sd_event_add_defer(3), sd_event_add_inotify(3), sd_event_add_io(3), sd_event_add_signal(3), sd_event_add_time(3), sd_event_exit(3), sd_event_get_fd(3), sd_event_now(3), sd_event_run(3), sd_event_set_watchdog(3), sd_event_source_get_pending(3), sd_event_source_set_description(3), sd_event_source_set_destroy_callback(3), sd_event_source_set_enabled(3), sd_event_source_set_floating(3), sd_event_source_set_prepare(3), sd_event_source_set_priority(3), sd_event_wait(3), sd_hwdb_get(3), sd_hwdb_new(3), sd_journal_get_data(3), sd_journal_query_unique(3), sd_login_monitor_new(3), sd_machine_get_class(3), sd_path_lookup(3), sd_pid_get_owner_uid(3), sd_seat_get_active(3), sd_session_is_active(3), sd_uid_get_state(3)

-EIO

-ELOOP

-EMFILE

-ENOBUFS

-ENODATA

-ENOENT

-ENOMEDIUM

-ENOMEM

-ENOMSG

-ENOPKG

-ENOTCONN

-ENXIO

-EOPNOTSUPP

-EPERM

-EPROTONOSUPPORT

-EPROTOTYPE

-ESOCKTNOSUPPORT

-ESRCH

-ESTALE

-ETIMEDOUT

-EUNATCH

/org/freedesktop/systemd1

0

0755

0xFFFF

0xFFFFFFFF

1

10

19532

2

3

4

443

4a67b082-0a4c-41cf-b6c7-440b29bb8c4

4a67b082-0a4c-41cf-b6c7-440b29bb8c4f

65

73

77

ACTION

AF_INET

AF_INET6

AF_NETLINK

AF_PACKET

AF_UNIX

AF_UNSPEC

AF_VSOCK

ALLOW_INTERACTIVE_AUTHORIZATION

AND

BUS_MESSAGE_NO_REPLY_EXPECTED

CAP_AUDIT_CONTROL

CAP_AUDIT_WRITE

CAP_CHOWN

CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE

CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH

CAP_FOWNER

CAP_FSETID

CAP_IPC_OWNER

CAP_KILL

CAP_LEASE

CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE

CAP_MKNOD

CAP_NET_ADMIN

CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICE

CAP_NET_BROADCAST

CAP_NET_RAW

CAP_SETFCAP

CAP_SETGID

CAP_SETPCAP

CAP_SETUID

CAP_SYSLOG

CAP_SYS_ADMIN

CAP_SYS_BOOT

CAP_SYS_CHROOT

CAP_SYS_MODULE

CAP_SYS_NICE

CAP_SYS_PTRACE

CAP_SYS_RAWIO

CAP_SYS_RESOURCE

CAP_SYS_TIME

CAP_SYS_TTY_CONFIG

CAP_WAKE_ALARM

CLOCK_BOOTIME

CLOCK_BOOTTIME

CLOCK_BOOTTIME_ALARM

CLOCK_MONOTONIC

CLOCK_REALTIME

CLOCK_REALTIME_ALARM

CLONE_NEWNS

DEVPATH

EACCES

EOPNOTSUPP

EPERM

EPIPE

EPOLLERR

EPOLLET

EPOLLHUP

EPOLLIN

EPOLLOUT

EPOLLPRI

EPOLLRDHUP

EUCLEAN

EXIT_ADDRESS_FAMILIES

EXIT_APPARMOR_PROFILE

EXIT_CACHE_DIRECTORY

EXIT_CAPABILITIES

EXIT_CGROUP

EXIT_CHDIR

EXIT_CHOWN

EXIT_CHROOT

EXIT_CONFIGURATION_DIRECTORY

EXIT_CONFIRM

EXIT_CPUAFFINITY

EXIT_EXEC

EXIT_FAILURE

EXIT_FDS

EXIT_GROUP

EXIT_INVALIDARGUMENT

EXIT_IOPRIO

EXIT_KEYRING

EXIT_LIMITS

EXIT_LOGS_DIRECTORY

EXIT_MEMORY

EXIT_NAMESPACE

EXIT_NETWORK

EXIT_NICE

EXIT_NOPERMISSION

EXIT_NOTCONFIGURED

EXIT_NOTIMPLEMENTED

EXIT_NOTINSTALLED

EXIT_NOTRUNNING

EXIT_NO_NEW_PRIVILEGES

EXIT_NUMA_POLICY

EXIT_OOM_ADJUST

EXIT_PAM

EXIT_PERSONALITY

EXIT_RUNTIME_DIRECTORY

EXIT_SECCOMP

EXIT_SECUREBITS

EXIT_SELINUX_CONTEXT

EXIT_SETSCHEDULER

EXIT_SETSID

EXIT_SIGNAL_MASK

EXIT_SMACK_PROCESS_LABEL

EXIT_STATE_DIRECTORY

EXIT_STDERR

EXIT_STDIN

EXIT_STDOUT

EXIT_SUCCESS

EXIT_TIMERSLACK

EXIT_USER

EX_CANTCREAT

EX_CONFIG

EX_DATAERR

EX_IOERR

EX_NOHOST

EX_NOINPUT

EX_NOPERM

EX_NOUSER

EX_OSERR

EX_OSFILE

EX_PROTOCOL

EX_SOFTWARE

EX_TEMPFAIL

EX_UNAVAILABLE

EX_USAGE

GPT_FLAG_NO_AUTO

GPT_FLAG_NO_BLOCK_IO_PROTOCOL

GPT_FLAG_READ_ONLY

IFF_UP

INIT_PROCESS

IN_ACCESS

IN_ATTRIB

IN_CLOSE_WRITE

IN_MASK_ADD

IN_ONESHOT

IPPROTO_SCTP

IPPROTO_UDPLITE

IPV6_RECVPKTINFO

IP_FREEBIND

IP_PKTINFO

LINE_MAX - 8

LOGIN_PROCESS

LOG_ALERT

LOG_CRIT

LOG_DEBUG

LOG_EMERG

LOG_ERR

LOG_INFO

LOG_NOTICE

LOG_WARNING

MAP_ANON

MSDOS_SUPER_MAGIC

MS_SLAVE

NETLINK_PKTINFO

NO_ADDRESS

NO_AUTO_START

NO_REPLY_EXPECTED

NUL

NULL

sd-login(3), sd_bus_add_match(3), sd_bus_add_node_enumerator(3), sd_bus_add_object(3), sd_bus_add_object_manager(3), sd_bus_attach_event(3), sd_bus_call(3), sd_bus_can_send(3), sd_bus_close(3), sd_bus_creds_get_pid(3), sd_bus_creds_new_from_pid(3), sd_bus_default(3), sd_bus_emit_signal(3), sd_bus_error(3), sd_bus_get_current_handler(3), sd_bus_interface_name_is_valid(3), sd_bus_list_names(3), sd_bus_message_append(3), sd_bus_message_append_array(3), sd_bus_message_append_basic(3), sd_bus_message_append_strv(3), sd_bus_message_at_end(3), sd_bus_message_copy(3), sd_bus_message_get_signature(3), sd_bus_message_get_type(3), sd_bus_message_new(3), sd_bus_message_new_method_call(3), sd_bus_message_new_method_error(3), sd_bus_message_new_signal(3), sd_bus_message_open_container(3), sd_bus_message_read(3), sd_bus_message_read_array(3), sd_bus_message_read_basic(3), sd_bus_message_read_strv(3), sd_bus_message_rewind(3), sd_bus_message_seal(3), sd_bus_message_sensitive(3), sd_bus_message_set_destination(3), sd_bus_message_set_expect_reply(3), sd_bus_message_skip(3), sd_bus_message_verify_type(3), sd_bus_new(3), sd_bus_path_encode(3), sd_bus_process(3), sd_bus_query_sender_creds(3), sd_bus_reply_method_error(3), sd_bus_reply_method_return(3), sd_bus_request_name(3), sd_bus_send(3), sd_bus_set_address(3), sd_bus_set_description(3), sd_bus_set_exit_on_disconnect(3), sd_bus_set_method_call_timeout(3), sd_bus_set_property(3), sd_bus_set_sender(3), sd_bus_set_server(3), sd_bus_slot_get_bus(3), sd_bus_slot_ref(3), sd_bus_slot_set_description(3), sd_bus_slot_set_destroy_callback(3), sd_bus_slot_set_floating(3), sd_bus_slot_set_userdata(3), sd_bus_start(3), sd_bus_track_add_name(3), sd_bus_track_new(3), sd_event_add_child(3), sd_event_add_io(3), sd_event_add_signal(3), sd_event_add_time(3), sd_event_new(3), sd_event_run(3), sd_event_source_set_description(3), sd_event_source_set_destroy_callback(3), sd_event_source_set_enabled(3), sd_event_source_set_floating(3), sd_event_source_set_userdata(3), sd_event_source_unref(3), sd_event_wait(3), sd_get_seats(3), sd_hwdb_get(3), sd_hwdb_new(3), sd_is_fifo(3), sd_journal_get_cutoff_realtime_usec(3), sd_journal_get_data(3), sd_journal_get_realtime_usec(3), sd_journal_open(3), sd_journal_print(3), sd_journal_query_unique(3), sd_login_monitor_new(3), sd_machine_get_class(3), sd_path_lookup(3), sd_pid_get_owner_uid(3), sd_seat_get_active(3), sd_session_is_active(3), sd_uid_get_state(3), udev_device_get_syspath(3), udev_device_has_tag(3), udev_device_new_from_syspath(3), udev_enumerate_new(3), udev_enumerate_scan_devices(3), udev_list_entry(3), udev_monitor_new_from_netlink(3), udev_monitor_receive_device(3), udev_new(3)

OR

O_NONBLOCK

P

PAM_SUCCESS

POLLERR

POLLHUP

POLLIN

POLLOUT

PROT_EXEC

PROT_WRITE

PR_SET_NO_NEW_PRIVS

RLIMIT_NICE

RLIMIT_NOFILE

RLIMIT_NPROC

SCHED_DEADLINE

SCHED_FIFO

SCHED_RR

SD_BUS_ARGS(...)

SD_BUS_ARGS()

SD_BUS_CREDS_AUDIT_LOGIN_UID

SD_BUS_CREDS_AUDIT_SESSION_ID

SD_BUS_CREDS_AUGMENT

SD_BUS_CREDS_BOUNDING_CAPS

SD_BUS_CREDS_CGROUP

SD_BUS_CREDS_CMDLINE

SD_BUS_CREDS_COMM

SD_BUS_CREDS_DESCRIPTION

SD_BUS_CREDS_EFFECTIVE_CAPS

SD_BUS_CREDS_EGID

SD_BUS_CREDS_EUID

SD_BUS_CREDS_EXE

SD_BUS_CREDS_FSGID

SD_BUS_CREDS_FSUID

SD_BUS_CREDS_GID

SD_BUS_CREDS_INHERITABLE_CAPS

SD_BUS_CREDS_OWNER_UID

SD_BUS_CREDS_PERMITTED_CAPS

SD_BUS_CREDS_PID

SD_BUS_CREDS_PPID

SD_BUS_CREDS_SELINUX_CONTEXT

SD_BUS_CREDS_SESSION

SD_BUS_CREDS_SGID

SD_BUS_CREDS_SLICE

SD_BUS_CREDS_SUID

SD_BUS_CREDS_SUPPLEMENTARY_GIDS

SD_BUS_CREDS_TID

SD_BUS_CREDS_TID_COMM

SD_BUS_CREDS_TTY

SD_BUS_CREDS_UID

SD_BUS_CREDS_UNIQUE_NAME

SD_BUS_CREDS_UNIT

SD_BUS_CREDS_USER_SLICE

SD_BUS_CREDS_USER_UNIT

SD_BUS_CREDS_WELL_KNOWN_NAMES

SD_BUS_ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED

SD_BUS_ERROR_ADDRESS_IN_USE

SD_BUS_ERROR_AUTH_FAILED

SD_BUS_ERROR_BAD_ADDRESS

SD_BUS_ERROR_DISCONNECTED

SD_BUS_ERROR_FAILED

SD_BUS_ERROR_FILE_EXISTS

SD_BUS_ERROR_FILE_NOT_FOUND

SD_BUS_ERROR_INCONSISTENT_MESSAGE

SD_BUS_ERROR_INTERACTIVE_AUTHORIZATION_REQUIRED

SD_BUS_ERROR_INVALID_ARGS

SD_BUS_ERROR_INVALID_SIGNATURE

SD_BUS_ERROR_IO_ERROR

SD_BUS_ERROR_LIMITS_EXCEEDED

SD_BUS_ERROR_MAKE_CONST(name, message)

SD_BUS_ERROR_MAKE_CONST()

SD_BUS_ERROR_MAP(name, code)

SD_BUS_ERROR_MAP()

SD_BUS_ERROR_MAP_END

SD_BUS_ERROR_MATCH_RULE_INVALID

SD_BUS_ERROR_MATCH_RULE_NOT_FOUND

SD_BUS_ERROR_NAME_HAS_NO_OWNER

SD_BUS_ERROR_NOT_SUPPORTED

SD_BUS_ERROR_NO_MEMORY

SD_BUS_ERROR_NO_NETWORK

SD_BUS_ERROR_NO_REPLY

SD_BUS_ERROR_NO_SERVER

SD_BUS_ERROR_NULL

SD_BUS_ERROR_PROPERTY_READ_ONLY

SD_BUS_ERROR_SERVICE_UNKNOWN

SD_BUS_ERROR_TIMEOUT

SD_BUS_ERROR_UNIX_PROCESS_ID_UNKNOWN

SD_BUS_ERROR_UNKNOWN_INTERFACE

SD_BUS_ERROR_UNKNOWN_METHOD

SD_BUS_ERROR_UNKNOWN_OBJECT

SD_BUS_ERROR_UNKNOWN_PROPERTY

SD_BUS_MESSAGE_DUMP_SUBTREE_ONLY

SD_BUS_MESSAGE_DUMP_WITH_HEADER

SD_BUS_MESSAGE_METHOD_CALL

SD_BUS_MESSAGE_METHOD_ERROR

SD_BUS_MESSAGE_METHOD_RETURN

SD_BUS_MESSAGE_SIGNAL

SD_BUS_METHOD( member, signature, result, handler, flags)

SD_BUS_METHOD()

SD_BUS_METHOD_WITH_ARGS( member, args, result, handler, flags)

SD_BUS_METHOD_WITH_ARGS()

SD_BUS_METHOD_WITH_ARGS_OFFSET( member, args, result, handler, offset, flags)

SD_BUS_METHOD_WITH_ARGS_OFFSET()

SD_BUS_METHOD_WITH_NAMES( member, signature, in_names, result, out_names, handler, flags)

SD_BUS_METHOD_WITH_NAMES()

SD_BUS_METHOD_WITH_NAMES_OFFSET( member, signature, in_names, result, out_names, handler, offset, flags)

SD_BUS_METHOD_WITH_NAMES_OFFSET()

SD_BUS_METHOD_WITH_OFFSET( member, signature, result, handler, offset, flags)

SD_BUS_METHOD_WITH_OFFSET()

SD_BUS_NAME_ALLOW_REPLACEMENT

SD_BUS_NAME_QUEUE

SD_BUS_NAME_REPLACE_EXISTING

SD_BUS_NO_ARGS

SD_BUS_NO_RESULT

SD_BUS_PARAM(name)

SD_BUS_PARAM()

SD_BUS_PROPERTY( member, signature, get, offset, flags)

SD_BUS_PROPERTY()

SD_BUS_RESULT(...)

SD_BUS_RESULT()

SD_BUS_SIGNAL( member, signature, flags)

SD_BUS_SIGNAL()

SD_BUS_SIGNAL_WITH_ARGS( member, args, flags)

SD_BUS_SIGNAL_WITH_ARGS()

SD_BUS_SIGNAL_WITH_NAMES( member, signature, names, flags)

SD_BUS_SIGNAL_WITH_NAMES()

SD_BUS_TYPE

SD_BUS_TYPE_ARRAY

SD_BUS_TYPE_BOOLEAN

SD_BUS_TYPE_BYTE

SD_BUS_TYPE_DICT_ENTRY

SD_BUS_TYPE_DICT_ENTRY_BEGIN

SD_BUS_TYPE_DICT_ENTRY_END

SD_BUS_TYPE_DOUBLE

SD_BUS_TYPE_INT16

SD_BUS_TYPE_INT32

SD_BUS_TYPE_INT64

SD_BUS_TYPE_OBJECT_PATH

SD_BUS_TYPE_SIGNATURE

SD_BUS_TYPE_STRING

SD_BUS_TYPE_STRUCT

SD_BUS_TYPE_STRUCT_BEGIN

SD_BUS_TYPE_STRUCT_END

SD_BUS_TYPE_UINT16

SD_BUS_TYPE_UINT32

SD_BUS_TYPE_UINT64

SD_BUS_TYPE_UNIX_FD

SD_BUS_TYPE_VARIANT

SD_BUS_VTABLE_ABSOLUTE_OFFSET

SD_BUS_VTABLE_DEPRECATED

SD_BUS_VTABLE_END

SD_BUS_VTABLE_HIDDEN

SD_BUS_VTABLE_METHOD_NO_REPLY

SD_BUS_VTABLE_PROPERTY_CONST

SD_BUS_VTABLE_PROPERTY_EMITS_CHANGE

SD_BUS_VTABLE_PROPERTY_EMITS_INVALIDATION

SD_BUS_VTABLE_PROPERTY_EXPLICIT

SD_BUS_VTABLE_SENSITIVE

SD_BUS_VTABLE_START(flags)

SD_BUS_VTABLE_START()

SD_BUS_VTABLE_UNPRIVILEGED

SD_BUS_WRITABLE_PROPERTY( member, signature, get, set, offset, flags)

SD_BUS_WRITABLE_PROPERTY()

SD_EVENT_ARMED

SD_EVENT_EXITING

SD_EVENT_FINISHED

SD_EVENT_INITIAL

SD_EVENT_OFF

SD_EVENT_ON

SD_EVENT_ONESHOT

SD_EVENT_PENDING

SD_EVENT_PREPARING

SD_EVENT_PRIORITY_IDLE

SD_EVENT_PRIORITY_IMPORTANT

SD_EVENT_PRIORITY_NORMAL

SD_EVENT_RUNNING

SD_ID128_NULL

SD_JOURNAL_ALL_NAMESPACES

SD_JOURNAL_APPEND

SD_JOURNAL_CURRENT_USER

SD_JOURNAL_INCLUDE_DEFAULT_NAMESPACE

SD_JOURNAL_INVALIDATE

SD_JOURNAL_LOCAL_ONLY

SD_JOURNAL_NOP

SD_JOURNAL_OS_ROOT

SD_JOURNAL_RUNTIME_ONLY

SD_JOURNAL_SUPPRESS_LOCATION

SD_JOURNAL_SYSTEM

SD_LISTEN_FDS_START

SD_PATH_BINFMT

SD_PATH_CATALOG

SD_PATH_MODULES_LOAD

SD_PATH_SEARCH_BINARIES

SD_PATH_SEARCH_BINARIES_DEFAULT

SD_PATH_SEARCH_CONFIGURATION

SD_PATH_SEARCH_CONFIGURATION_FACTORY

SD_PATH_SEARCH_LIBRARY_ARCH

SD_PATH_SEARCH_LIBRARY_PRIVATE

SD_PATH_SEARCH_SHARED

SD_PATH_SEARCH_STATE_FACTORY

SD_PATH_SYSCTL

SD_PATH_SYSTEMD_SEARCH_NETWORK

SD_PATH_SYSTEMD_SEARCH_SYSTEM_GENERATOR

SD_PATH_SYSTEMD_SEARCH_SYSTEM_UNIT

SD_PATH_SYSTEMD_SEARCH_USER_GENERATOR

SD_PATH_SYSTEMD_SEARCH_USER_UNIT

SD_PATH_SYSTEMD_SHUTDOWN

SD_PATH_SYSTEMD_SLEEP

SD_PATH_SYSTEMD_SYSTEM_CONF

SD_PATH_SYSTEMD_SYSTEM_GENERATOR

SD_PATH_SYSTEMD_SYSTEM_PRESET

SD_PATH_SYSTEMD_SYSTEM_UNIT

SD_PATH_SYSTEMD_USER_CONF

SD_PATH_SYSTEMD_USER_GENERATOR

SD_PATH_SYSTEMD_USER_PRESET

SD_PATH_SYSTEMD_USER_UNIT

SD_PATH_SYSTEMD_UTIL

SD_PATH_SYSTEM_BINARIES

SD_PATH_SYSTEM_CONFIGURATION

SD_PATH_SYSTEM_CONFIGURATION_FACTORY

SD_PATH_SYSTEM_INCLUDE

SD_PATH_SYSTEM_LIBRARY_ARCH

SD_PATH_SYSTEM_LIBRARY_PRIVATE

SD_PATH_SYSTEM_RUNTIME

SD_PATH_SYSTEM_RUNTIME_LOGS

SD_PATH_SYSTEM_SHARED

SD_PATH_SYSTEM_STATE_CACHE

SD_PATH_SYSTEM_STATE_FACTORY

SD_PATH_SYSTEM_STATE_LOGS

SD_PATH_SYSTEM_STATE_PRIVATE

SD_PATH_SYSTEM_STATE_SPOOL

SD_PATH_SYSUSERS

SD_PATH_TEMPORARY

SD_PATH_TEMPORARY_LARGE

SD_PATH_TMPFILES

SD_PATH_USER

SD_PATH_USER_BINARIES

SD_PATH_USER_CONFIGURATION

SD_PATH_USER_DESKTOP

SD_PATH_USER_DOCUMENTS

SD_PATH_USER_DOWNLOAD

SD_PATH_USER_LIBRARY_ARCH

SD_PATH_USER_LIBRARY_PRIVATE

SD_PATH_USER_MUSIC

SD_PATH_USER_PICTURES

SD_PATH_USER_PUBLIC

SD_PATH_USER_RUNTIME

SD_PATH_USER_SHARED

SD_PATH_USER_STATE_CACHE

SD_PATH_USER_TEMPLATES

SD_PATH_USER_VIDEOS

SD_WARNING

SEQNUM

SHM_EXEC

SIGABRT

SIGCHLD

SIGCONT

SIGHUP

SIGINT

SIGKILL

SIGPIPE

SIGPWR

SIGQUIT

SIGRTMIN+0

SIGRTMIN+1

SIGRTMIN+13

SIGRTMIN+14

SIGRTMIN+15

SIGRTMIN+16

SIGRTMIN+2

SIGRTMIN+20

SIGRTMIN+21

SIGRTMIN+22

SIGRTMIN+23

SIGRTMIN+24

SIGRTMIN+26

SIGRTMIN+27

SIGRTMIN+28

SIGRTMIN+3

SIGRTMIN+4

SIGRTMIN+5

SIGRTMIN+6

SIGSTOP

SIGSYS

SIGTERM

SIGUSR1

SIGUSR2

SIGWINCH

SIG_DFL

SOCK_DGRAM

SOCK_RAW

SOCK_SEQPACKET

SOCK_STREAM

SO_BINDTODEVICE

SO_BROADCAST

SO_KEEPALIVE

SO_MARK

SO_PASSCRED

SO_PASSSEC

SO_PRIORITY

SO_RCVBUF

SO_REUSEPORT

SO_SNDBUF

SUBSYSTEM

TCP_DEFER_ACCEPT

TCP_KEEPINTVL

TEMPFAIL

TFD_TIMER_CANCEL_ON_SET

TIOCSTI

UINT64_MAX

USER_PROCESS

WCONTINUED

WEXITED

WSTOPPED

_NSIG

_SD_BUS_CREDS_ALL

a

activating

active

all

any

application/json

application/vnd.fdo.journal

arm64

auto

b

bad-setting

c

cache

cgroup

configuration

const

continue

control-group

d

deactivating

default

early

elf-headers

en

error

f

failed

false

h

host

https

i

ib

inactive

infinity

invalidates

ipc

keep

keep-caps

kernel.modules_disabled

kill

late

latest

libsystemd

sd-bus(3), sd-bus-errors(3), sd-daemon(3), sd-event(3), sd-hwdb(3), sd-id128(3), sd-journal(3), sd-login(3), sd_booted(3), sd_bus_add_match(3), sd_bus_add_node_enumerator(3), sd_bus_add_object(3), sd_bus_add_object_manager(3), sd_bus_attach_event(3), sd_bus_call(3), sd_bus_call_method(3), sd_bus_can_send(3), sd_bus_close(3), sd_bus_creds_get_pid(3), sd_bus_creds_new_from_pid(3), sd_bus_default(3), sd_bus_emit_signal(3), sd_bus_enqueue_for_read(3), sd_bus_error(3), sd_bus_error_add_map(3), sd_bus_get_current_handler(3), sd_bus_get_fd(3), sd_bus_get_name_creds(3), sd_bus_get_name_machine_id(3), sd_bus_interface_name_is_valid(3), sd_bus_is_open(3), sd_bus_list_names(3), sd_bus_message_append(3), sd_bus_message_append_array(3), sd_bus_message_append_basic(3), sd_bus_message_append_string_memfd(3), sd_bus_message_append_strv(3), sd_bus_message_at_end(3), sd_bus_message_copy(3), sd_bus_message_dump(3), sd_bus_message_get_cookie(3), sd_bus_message_get_monotonic_usec(3), sd_bus_message_get_signature(3), sd_bus_message_get_type(3), sd_bus_message_new(3), sd_bus_message_new_method_call(3), sd_bus_message_new_method_error(3), sd_bus_message_new_signal(3), sd_bus_message_open_container(3), sd_bus_message_read(3), sd_bus_message_rewind(3), sd_bus_message_seal(3), sd_bus_message_sensitive(3), sd_bus_message_set_destination(3), sd_bus_message_set_expect_reply(3), sd_bus_message_skip(3), sd_bus_message_verify_type(3), sd_bus_negotiate_fds(3), sd_bus_new(3), sd_bus_path_encode(3), sd_bus_process(3), sd_bus_query_sender_creds(3), sd_bus_reply_method_error(3), sd_bus_reply_method_return(3), sd_bus_request_name(3), sd_bus_send(3), sd_bus_set_address(3), sd_bus_set_close_on_exit(3), sd_bus_set_connected_signal(3), sd_bus_set_description(3), sd_bus_set_exit_on_disconnect(3), sd_bus_set_method_call_timeout(3), sd_bus_set_property(3), sd_bus_set_sender(3), sd_bus_set_server(3), sd_bus_set_watch_bind(3), sd_bus_slot_get_bus(3), sd_bus_slot_ref(3), sd_bus_slot_set_description(3), sd_bus_slot_set_destroy_callback(3), sd_bus_slot_set_floating(3), sd_bus_slot_set_userdata(3), sd_bus_start(3), sd_bus_track_add_name(3), sd_bus_track_new(3), sd_bus_wait(3), sd_event_add_child(3), sd_event_add_defer(3), sd_event_add_inotify(3), sd_event_add_io(3), sd_event_add_signal(3), sd_event_add_time(3), sd_event_exit(3), sd_event_get_fd(3), sd_event_new(3), sd_event_now(3), sd_event_run(3), sd_event_set_watchdog(3), sd_event_source_get_event(3), sd_event_source_get_pending(3), sd_event_source_set_description(3), sd_event_source_set_destroy_callback(3), sd_event_source_set_enabled(3), sd_event_source_set_floating(3), sd_event_source_set_prepare(3), sd_event_source_set_priority(3), sd_event_source_set_userdata(3), sd_event_source_unref(3), sd_event_wait(3), sd_get_seats(3), sd_hwdb_get(3), sd_hwdb_new(3), sd_id128_get_machine(3), sd_id128_randomize(3), sd_id128_to_string(3), sd_is_fifo(3), sd_journal_add_match(3), sd_journal_enumerate_fields(3), sd_journal_get_catalog(3), sd_journal_get_cursor(3), sd_journal_get_cutoff_realtime_usec(3), sd_journal_get_data(3), sd_journal_get_fd(3), sd_journal_get_realtime_usec(3), sd_journal_get_usage(3), sd_journal_has_runtime_files(3), sd_journal_next(3), sd_journal_open(3), sd_journal_print(3), sd_journal_query_unique(3), sd_journal_seek_head(3), sd_journal_stream_fd(3), sd_listen_fds(3), sd_login_monitor_new(3), sd_machine_get_class(3), sd_notify(3), sd_path_lookup(3), sd_pid_get_owner_uid(3), sd_seat_get_active(3), sd_session_is_active(3), sd_uid_get_state(3), sd_watchdog_enabled(3)

link-local

loaded

localhost

logs

m

masked

max_equalizers=N+1

min

mips64-le-n32

mips64-n32

mixed

mnt

ms

multicast

n

name

native

net

never

nobody

noexec

none

not-found

null

o

org.freedesktop.DBus.Deprecated

org.freedesktop.DBus.Introspectable.Introspect

org.freedesktop.DBus.Method.NoReply

org.freedesktop.DBus.ObjectManager

org.freedesktop.DBus.ObjectManager.GetManagedObjects

org.freedesktop.DBus.Peer

org.freedesktop.DBus.Properties

org.freedesktop.DBus.Properties.PropertiesChanged

org.freedesktop.DBus.Property.EmitsChangedSignal

org.freedesktop.locale1.set-keyboard

org.freedesktop.locale1.set-locale

org.freedesktop.resolve1.Aborted

org.freedesktop.resolve1.CNameLoop

org.freedesktop.resolve1.DnsError.NXDOMAIN

org.freedesktop.resolve1.DnsError.REFUSED

org.freedesktop.resolve1.DnssecFailed

org.freedesktop.resolve1.InvalidReply

org.freedesktop.resolve1.LinkBusy

org.freedesktop.resolve1.NetworkDown

org.freedesktop.resolve1.NoNameServers

org.freedesktop.resolve1.NoSuchLink

org.freedesktop.resolve1.NoSuchRR

org.freedesktop.resolve1.NoSuchService

org.freedesktop.resolve1.NoTrustAnchor

org.freedesktop.resolve1.ResourceRecordTypeUnsupported

org.freedesktop.systemd1.Explicit

org.freedesktop.systemd1.Privileged

p

path

pid

ppc

ppc-le

ppc64

ppc64-le

prefixstable

private-anonymous

private-dax

private-file-backed

private-huge

process

property

r

reloading

runtime

rw

rwm

s

s390

s390x

sch_teql

shared-anonymous

shared-dax

shared-file-backed

shared-huge

simple

sl

state

static

stop

symlink

tcp

text/event-stream

text/plain

true

u

udev_hwdb

udev_queue

us

user

uts

v

v238

v239

v240

v241

v243

v245

w

wl

ww

x

x32

x86

x86-64

yes

~

MISCELLANEOUS OPTIONS AND DIRECTIVES

Other configuration elements which don't fit in any of the above groups.

$LISTEN_FDS

A

A+

C

D

H

ID_NET_LABEL_ONBOARD=

ID_NET_NAME_MAC=

ID_NET_NAME_ONBOARD=

ID_NET_NAME_PATH=

ID_NET_NAME_SLOT=

L

L+

Q

R

T

X

Z

a

a+

b

b+

c

c+

d

e

equivalent

extended

f

f+

g

h

m

masked

overridden

p

p+

q

r

redirected

t

u

unchanged

v

w

w+

x

z

SPECIFIERS

Short strings which are substituted in configuration directives.

"%%"

"%B"

"%C"

"%E"

"%G"

"%H"

"%I"

"%J"

"%L"

"%N"

"%P"

"%S"

"%T"

"%U"

"%V"

"%W"

"%a"

"%b"

"%f"

"%g"

"%h"

"%i"

"%j"

"%l"

"%m"

"%n"

"%o"

"%p"

"%s"

"%t"

"%u"

"%v"

"%w"

FILES AND DIRECTORIES

Paths and file names referred to in the documentation.

/

$XDG_RUNTIME_DIR/systemd/generator/

$XDG_RUNTIME_DIR/systemd/generator.early/

$XDG_RUNTIME_DIR/systemd/generator.late/

$XDG_RUNTIME_DIR/systemd/transient/

$XDG_RUNTIME_DIR/systemd/user/

$XDG_RUNTIME_DIR/systemd/user.control/

$XDG_RUNTIME_DIR/user-tmpfiles.d/*.conf

-.mount

-.slice

/EFI/Linux/

/bin/

/bin/bash

/bin/echo

/bin/ls

/bin/mount

/bin/sh

/bin/umount

/boot/

/boot/efi/

/dev/

/dev/block/

/dev/char/

/dev/console

/dev/disk/by-foo/bar

/dev/full

/dev/initctl

/dev/kmsg

/dev/log

/dev/loop-control

/dev/mapper/

/dev/mapper/foobar

/dev/mapper/home

/dev/mapper/root

/dev/mapper/srv

/dev/mapper/tmp

/dev/mapper/var

/dev/mem

/dev/net/tun

/dev/null

/dev/port

/dev/random

/dev/rtc0

/dev/rtc1

/dev/sda

/dev/sda5

/dev/shm/

/dev/tty9

/dev/urandom

/dev/watchdog

/dev/zero

/efi/

/etc/

/etc/.updated

systemd-update-done.service(8)

/etc/adjtime

/etc/binfmt.d/*.conf

/etc/cryptsetup-keys.d/

crypttab(5), systemd-cryptsetup@.service(8)

/etc/crypttab

/etc/dnssec-trust-anchors.d/

/etc/dnssec-trust-anchors.d/*.negative

/etc/dnssec-trust-anchors.d/*.positive

/etc/environment

/etc/environment.d/*.conf

/etc/environment.d/60-foo.conf

/etc/foobar

/etc/fstab

/etc/group

/etc/hostname

/etc/hosts

/etc/init.d/

/etc/initrd-release

/etc/kernel/cmdline

/etc/kernel/install.d/

/etc/kernel/install.d/*.install

/etc/kernel/tries

/etc/locale.conf

/etc/localtime

/etc/machine-id

/etc/machine-info

/etc/modules-load.d/program.conf

/etc/modules-load.d/*.conf

/etc/modules-load.d/bridge.conf

/etc/mtab

/etc/nsswitch.conf

/etc/os-release

/etc/passwd

/etc/portables/

/etc/rc.local

/etc/resolv.conf

/etc/ssl/ca/trusted.pem

/etc/ssl/certs/journal-remote.pem

/etc/ssl/certs/journal-upload.pem

/etc/ssl/private/journal-remote.pem

/etc/ssl/private/journal-upload.pem

/etc/sysctl.d/*.conf

/etc/sysctl.d/20-rp_filter.conf

/etc/sysctl.d/50-coredump.conf

/etc/sysctl.d/bridge.conf

/etc/sysctl.d/domain-name.conf

/etc/systemd/

/etc/systemd/coredump.conf

/etc/systemd/coredump.conf.d/*.conf

/etc/systemd/dnssd

/etc/systemd/import-pubring.gpg

/etc/systemd/journal-remote.conf

/etc/systemd/journal-remote.conf.d/*.conf

/etc/systemd/journal-upload.conf

/etc/systemd/journal-upload.conf.d/*.conf

/etc/systemd/journald.conf

/etc/systemd/journald.conf.d/*.conf

/etc/systemd/journald@NAMESPACE.conf

/etc/systemd/logind.conf

/etc/systemd/logind.conf.d/*.conf

/etc/systemd/network

/etc/systemd/network/*.network

/etc/systemd/networkd.conf

/etc/systemd/networkd.conf.d/*.conf

/etc/systemd/nspawn/

/etc/systemd/portable/profile/

/etc/systemd/pstore.conf

/etc/systemd/pstore.conf.d/

/etc/systemd/pstore.conf.d/*.conf

/etc/systemd/resolve.conf

/etc/systemd/resolved.conf

/etc/systemd/resolved.conf.d/*.conf

/etc/systemd/sleep.conf

/etc/systemd/sleep.conf.d/*.conf

/etc/systemd/system/

/etc/systemd/system-environment-generators/

/etc/systemd/system-generators/

/etc/systemd/system-preset/

/etc/systemd/system-preset/*.preset

/etc/systemd/system.attached/

/etc/systemd/system.conf

/etc/systemd/system.conf.d/*.conf

/etc/systemd/system.control/

/etc/systemd/system/httpd.service

/etc/systemd/system/httpd.service.d/local.conf

/etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/foo.service

/etc/systemd/systemd.attached/

/etc/systemd/systemd/ctrl-alt-del.service

/etc/systemd/timesyncd.conf

/etc/systemd/timesyncd.conf.d/*.conf

/etc/systemd/user/

/etc/systemd/user-environment-generators/

/etc/systemd/user-generators/

/etc/systemd/user-preset/*.preset

/etc/systemd/user.conf

/etc/systemd/user.conf.d/*.conf

/etc/sysusers.d

/etc/sysusers.d/*.conf

/etc/sysusers.d/00-overrides.conf

/etc/sysusers.d/radvd.conf

/etc/tmpfiles.d

/etc/tmpfiles.d/*.conf

/etc/udev/hwdb.bin

/etc/udev/hwdb.d

/etc/udev/rules.d

/etc/udev/rules.d/99-bridge.rules

/etc/udev/udev.conf

/etc/vconsole.conf

/etc/xdg/user-dirs.conf

/foo//bar/baz/

/home/

/home/lennart

/lib/

/lib/systemd/system-generators/

/lib64/

/loader/entries/

/loader/loader.conf

/loader/random-seed

/log/

/org/freedesktop/LogControl1

/proc

/proc/$PID/ns/net

/proc/acpi

/proc/cmdline

/proc/devices

/proc/fs

/proc/irq

/proc/kmsg

/proc/latency_stats

/proc/self/fd

/proc/self/mountinfo

/proc/self/mounts

/proc/self/oom_score_adj

/proc/self/sessionid

/proc/sys/

/proc/sys/kernel/core_pattern

/proc/sys/kernel/domainname

/proc/sys/kernel/hostname

/proc/sys/kernel/modules_disabled

/proc/sys/kernel/random/boot_id

/proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/enp3s0.200/forwarding

/proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_default_ttl

/proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_keepalive_time

/proc/sys/net/ipv6/bindv6only

/proc/sys/net/ipv6/conf/ifname/disable_ipv6

/proc/sysrq-trigger

/proc/timer_stats

/root/

/run/

/run/binfmt.d/*.conf

/run/cryptsetup-keys.d/

crypttab(5), systemd-cryptsetup@.service(8)

/run/dnssec-trust-anchors.d/

/run/dnssec-trust-anchors.d/*.negative

/run/dnssec-trust-anchors.d/*.positive

/run/environment.d/*.conf

/run/foo

/run/host/os-release

/run/log/

/run/log/journal/

/run/media/system/

/run/modules-load.d/*.conf

/run/netns

/run/nologin

/run/portables/

/run/screens

/run/sysctl.d/*.conf

/run/sysctl.d/50-coredump.conf

/run/system/nspawn/

/run/systemd/coredump.conf.d/*.conf

/run/systemd/dnssd

/run/systemd/generator

/run/systemd/generator.early

/run/systemd/generator.late

/run/systemd/journal-remote.conf.d/*.conf

/run/systemd/journal-upload.conf.d/*.conf

/run/systemd/journal/dev-log

/run/systemd/journal/socket

/run/systemd/journal/stdout

/run/systemd/journal/syslog

/run/systemd/journald.conf.d/*.conf

/run/systemd/logind.conf.d/*.conf

/run/systemd/network/

/run/systemd/notify

/run/systemd/nspawn/

/run/systemd/portables/

/run/systemd/private

/run/systemd/resolve/resolv.conf

/run/systemd/resolve/stub-resolv.conf

/run/systemd/resolved.conf.d/*.conf

/run/systemd/sleep.conf.d/*.conf

/run/systemd/system/

/run/systemd/system-environment-generators/

/run/systemd/system-generators/

/run/systemd/system-preset/*.preset

/run/systemd/system.attached/

/run/systemd/system.conf.d/*.conf

/run/systemd/system.control/

/run/systemd/systemd/

/run/systemd/systemd.attached/

/run/systemd/timesync/synchronized

/run/systemd/timesyncd.conf.d/*.conf

/run/systemd/transient/

/run/systemd/user/

/run/systemd/user-environment-generators/

/run/systemd/user-generators/

/run/systemd/user-preset/*.preset

/run/systemd/user.conf.d/*.conf

/run/sysusers.d

/run/sysusers.d/*.conf

/run/tmpfiles.d

/run/tmpfiles.d/*.conf

/run/udev/rules.d

/run/udev/static_node-tags/tag

/run/user/

/run/user/$UID

/run/utmp

/sbin/

/sbin/fsck.type

systemd-fsck@.service(8)

/sbin/init

/sbin/mkfs.type

systemd-makefs@.service(8)

/sbin/mkswap

systemd-makefs@.service(8)

/srv/

/srv/webserver

/srv/www

/sys/

/sys/class/subsystem/name/max_brightness

/sys/class/dmi/id/product_uuid

/sys/devices

/sys/fs/bpf/

/sys/fs/cgroup

/sys/fs/cgroup/systemd

/sys/fs/pstore

/sys/fs/selinux

/sys/module/kernel/parameters/crash_kexec_post_notifiers

/sys/module/printk/parameters/always_kmsg_dump

/sys/power/disk

/sys/power/resume

systemd-hibernate-resume@.service(8)

/sys/power/state

/sysroot

/sysroot/etc/fstab

/system-update

/tmp/

/upload

/usr/

/usr/bin/

/usr/bin/mount

/usr/bin/umount

/usr/include/

/usr/include/stdlib.h

/usr/include/sysexits.h

/usr/lib/

/usr/lib/binfmt.d/*.conf

/usr/lib/dnssec-trust-anchors.d/

/usr/lib/dnssec-trust-anchors.d/*.negative

/usr/lib/dnssec-trust-anchors.d/*.positive

/usr/lib/environment.d/*.conf

/usr/lib/kernel/install.d/

/usr/lib/kernel/install.d/*.install

/usr/lib/machines/

/usr/lib/modules

/usr/lib/modules-load.d/*.conf

/usr/lib/os-release

/usr/lib/portables/

/usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf

/usr/lib/sysctl.d/50-coredump.conf

/usr/lib/systemd/*.conf.d/

/usr/lib/systemd/coredump.conf.d/*.conf

/usr/lib/systemd/dnssd

/usr/lib/systemd/import-pubring.gpg

/usr/lib/systemd/journal-remote.conf.d/*.conf

/usr/lib/systemd/journal-upload.conf.d/*.conf

/usr/lib/systemd/journald.conf.d/*.conf

/usr/lib/systemd/logind.conf

/usr/lib/systemd/logind.conf.d/*.conf

/lib/systemd/network

/lib/systemd/network/80-container-host0.network

/lib/systemd/network/80-container-ve.network

/lib/systemd/network/80-container-vz.network

/lib/systemd/networkd.conf.d/*.conf

/usr/lib/systemd/ntp-units.d/

/usr/lib/systemd/portable/profile/

/usr/lib/systemd/portable/profile/default/service.conf

/usr/lib/systemd/random-seed

/usr/lib/systemd/resolv.conf

/usr/lib/systemd/resolved.conf.d/*.conf

/usr/lib/systemd/sleep.conf.d/*.conf

/lib/systemd/system

/lib/systemd/system-bless-boot

/lib/systemd/system-boot-check-no-failures

/lib/systemd/system-environment-generators/

/lib/systemd/system-environment-generators/some-generator

/lib/systemd/system-generators/systemd-bless-boot-generator

/lib/systemd/system-generators/systemd-cryptsetup-generator

/lib/systemd/system-generators/systemd-debug-generator

/lib/systemd/system-generators/systemd-fstab-generator

/lib/systemd/system-generators/systemd-getty-generator

/lib/systemd/system-generators/systemd-gpt-auto-generator

/lib/systemd/system-generators/systemd-hibernate-resume-generator

/lib/systemd/system-generators/systemd-rc-local-generator

/lib/systemd/system-generators/systemd-run-generator

/lib/systemd/system-generators/systemd-system-update-generator

/lib/systemd/system-generators/systemd-sysv-generator

/lib/systemd/system-generators/systemd-veritysetup-generator

/lib/systemd/system-generators/systemd-xdg-autostart-generator

/lib/systemd/system-preset/*.preset

/lib/systemd/system-shutdown/

/lib/systemd/system-sleep

/lib/systemd/system.conf.d/*.conf

/lib/systemd/system/httpd.service

/lib/systemd/systemd

/lib/systemd/systemd-backlight

systemd-backlight@.service(8)

/lib/systemd/systemd-binfmt

/lib/systemd/systemd-coredump

/lib/systemd/systemd-cryptsetup

systemd-cryptsetup@.service(8)

/lib/systemd/systemd-fsck

systemd-fsck@.service(8)

/lib/systemd/systemd-fsckd

/lib/systemd/systemd-growfs

systemd-makefs@.service(8)

/lib/systemd/systemd-hibernate-resume

systemd-hibernate-resume@.service(8)

/lib/systemd/systemd-hostnamed

/lib/systemd/systemd-importd

/lib/systemd/systemd-initctl

/lib/systemd/systemd-journal-gatewayd

/lib/systemd/systemd-journal-remote

/lib/systemd/systemd-journal-upload

/lib/systemd/systemd-journald

/lib/systemd/systemd-localed

/lib/systemd/systemd-logind

/lib/systemd/systemd-machined

/lib/systemd/systemd-makefs

systemd-makefs@.service(8)

/lib/systemd/systemd-modules-load

/lib/systemd/systemd-network-generator

/lib/systemd/systemd-networkd

/lib/systemd/systemd-networkd-wait-online

/lib/systemd/systemd-portabled

/lib/systemd/systemd-pstore

/lib/systemd/systemd-quotacheck

/lib/systemd/systemd-remount-fs

/lib/systemd/systemd-resolved

/lib/systemd/systemd-rfkill

/lib/systemd/systemd-shutdown

/lib/systemd/systemd-sysctl

/lib/systemd/systemd-time-wait-sync

/lib/systemd/systemd-timedated

/lib/systemd/systemd-timesyncd

/lib/systemd/systemd-udevd

/lib/systemd/systemd-update-done

systemd-update-done.service(8)

/lib/systemd/systemd-update-utmp

/lib/systemd/systemd-user-runtime-dir

user@.service(5)

/lib/systemd/systemd-user-sessions

/lib/systemd/systemd-veritysetup

systemd-veritysetup@.service(8)

/lib/systemd/systemd-volatile-root

/usr/lib/systemd/timesyncd.conf.d/*.conf

/usr/lib/systemd/user/

/usr/lib/systemd/user-environment-generators/

/usr/lib/systemd/user-environment-generators/30-systemd-environment-d-generator

/usr/lib/systemd/user-environment-generators/some-generator

/usr/lib/systemd/user-generators/

/usr/lib/systemd/user-preset/*.preset

/usr/lib/systemd/user.conf.d/*.conf

/usr/lib/sysusers.d

/usr/lib/sysusers.d/*.conf

/usr/lib/sysusers.d/radvd.conf

/usr/lib/tmpfiles.d

/usr/lib/tmpfiles.d/*.conf

/usr/lib/tmpfiles.d/systemd.conf

/usr/lib/tmpfiles/systemd-pstore.conf

/lib/udev

/lib/udev/hwdb.bin

/lib/udev/hwdb.d

/lib/udev/rules.d

/lib64/

/usr/local/bin

/usr/local/lib/

/usr/local/lib/machines/

/usr/local/lib/portables/

/usr/local/lib/systemd/*.conf.d/

/usr/local/lib/systemd/dnssd

/usr/local/lib/systemd/network

/usr/local/lib/systemd/system

/usr/local/lib/systemd/system-environment-generators/

/usr/local/lib/systemd/system-generators/

/usr/local/lib/systemd/user

/usr/local/lib/systemd/user-environment-generators/

/usr/local/lib/systemd/user-generators/

/usr/local/lib/udev/rules.d

/usr/local/sbin

/usr/sbin/

/usr/sbin/foo-daemon

/usr/sbin/nologin

/usr/share/

/usr/share/dbus-1/system-services/org.example.simple-dbus-service.service

/usr/share/doc/

/usr/share/factory/

/usr/share/factory/etc/

/usr/share/factory/var/

/usr/share/user-tmpfiles.d/

/usr/share/user-tmpfiles.d/*.conf

/usr/share/zoneinfo/

/usr/share/zoneinfo/zone.tab

/var/

/var/.updated

systemd-update-done.service(8)

/var/cache/

/var/cache/dnf/

/var/cache/krb5rcache/

/var/cache/private

/var/lib/

/var/lib/container/

/var/lib/dbus/machine-id

/var/lib/journal/

/var/lib/machines/

/var/lib/portables/

/var/lib/private

/var/lib/systemd

/var/lib/systemd/backlight/

systemd-backlight@.service(8)

/var/lib/systemd/coredump/

/var/lib/systemd/journal-upload/state

/var/lib/systemd/pstore/

/var/lib/systemd/random-seed

/var/lib/systemd/rfkill/

/var/lib/systemd/timesync/clock

/var/lock

/var/log/

/var/log/journal/

/var/log/journal/remote/

/var/log/journal/remote/remote-some.host.journal

/var/log/private

/var/run/

/var/spool/

/var/tmp/

ESP/loader/entries/*.conf

ESP/loader/loader.conf

automount.automount

basic.target

blockdev@.target

bluetooth.target

boot-complete.target

bootctl

busctl

coredumpctl

cryptsetup-pre.target

cryptsetup.target

ctrl-alt-del.target

dbus.service

dbus.socket

default.target

device.device

display-manager.service

emergency.target

exit.target

final.target

getty-pre.target

getty.target

graphical.target

halt

halt.target

hibernate.target

hostnamectl

hybrid-sleep.target

init

init.scope

initrd-fs.target

initrd-root-device.target

initrd-root-fs.target

initrd.target

journalctl

kbrequest.target

kernel-install

kexec.target

libnss_myhostname.so.2

libnss_mymachines.so.2

libnss_resolve.so.2

libnss_systemd.so.2

link.link

local-fs-pre.target

local-fs.target

localectl

loginctl

machine.slice

machinectl

machines.target

mount.mount

multi-user.target

netdev.netdev

network.network

network-online.target

network-pre.target

network.target

network_service.dnssd

networkctl

nss-lookup.target

nss-user-lookup.target

pam_systemd.so

path.path

paths.target

pkg-config

portablectl

poweroff

poweroff.target

printer.target

reboot

reboot.target

remote-cryptsetup.target

remote-fs-pre.target

remote-fs.target

rescue.target

resolvectl

rpcbind.target

runlevel

runlevel2.target

runlevel3.target

runlevel4.target

runlevel5.target

scope.scope

service.service

shutdown

shutdown.target

sigpwr.target

sleep.target

slice.slice

slices.target

smartcard.target

socket.socket

sockets.target

sound.target

suspend-then-hibernate.target

suspend.target

swap.swap

swap.target

sysinit.target

syslog.socket

system-update-cleanup.service

system-update-pre.target

system-update.target

system.slice

systemctl

systemd-analyze

systemd-ask-password

systemd-ask-password-console.path

systemd-ask-password-console.service

systemd-ask-password-wall.path

systemd-ask-password-wall.service

systemd-backlight@.service

systemd-backlight@.service(8)

systemd-binfmt.service

systemd-bless-boot.service

systemd-boot-check-no-failures.service

systemd-boot-system-token.service

systemd-cat

systemd-cgls

systemd-cgtop

systemd-coredump.socket

systemd-coredump@.service

systemd-cryptsetup@.service

systemd-cryptsetup@.service(8)

systemd-delta

systemd-detect-virt

systemd-escape

systemd-fsck-root.service

systemd-fsck@.service(8)

systemd-fsck@.service

systemd-fsck@.service(8)

systemd-fsckd.service

systemd-fsckd.socket

systemd-growfs@mountpoint.service

systemd-makefs@.service(8)

systemd-halt.service

systemd-hibernate-resume@.service

systemd-hibernate-resume@.service(8)

systemd-hibernate.service

systemd-hostnamed.service

systemd-hwdb

systemd-hybrid-sleep.service

systemd-id128

systemd-importd.service

systemd-inhibit

systemd-initctl.service

systemd-initctl.socket

systemd-journal-gatewayd.service

systemd-journal-gatewayd.socket

systemd-journal-remote.service

systemd-journal-remote.socket

systemd-journal-upload.service

systemd-journald-audit.socket

systemd-journald-dev-log.socket

systemd-journald-varlink@.socket

systemd-journald.service

systemd-journald.socket

systemd-journald@.service

systemd-journald@.socket

systemd-kexec.service

systemd-localed.service

systemd-logind.service

systemd-machine-id-commit.service

systemd-machine-id-setup

systemd-machined.service

systemd-makefs@device.service

systemd-makefs@.service(8)

systemd-mkswap@device.service

systemd-makefs@.service(8)

systemd-modules-load.service

systemd-mount

systemd-network-generator.service

systemd-networkd-wait-online.service

systemd-networkd.service

systemd-notify

systemd-nspawn

systemd-path

systemd-portabled.service

systemd-poweroff.service

systemd-pstore.service

systemd-quotacheck.service

systemd-random-seed.service

systemd-reboot.service

systemd-remount-fs.service

systemd-resolved.service

systemd-rfkill.service

systemd-rfkill.socket

systemd-run

systemd-socket-activate

systemd-socket-proxyd

systemd-suspend-then-hibernate.service

systemd-suspend.service

systemd-sysctl.service

systemd-sysusers

systemd-sysusers.service

systemd-time-wait-sync.service

systemd-timedated.service

systemd-timesyncd.service

systemd-tmpfiles

systemd-tmpfiles-clean.service

systemd-tmpfiles-clean.timer

systemd-tmpfiles-setup-dev.service

systemd-tmpfiles-setup.service

systemd-tty-ask-password-agent

systemd-udev-settle.service

systemd-udevd-control.socket

systemd-udevd-kernel.socket

systemd-udevd.service

systemd-update-done.service

systemd-update-done.service(8)

systemd-update-utmp-runlevel.service

systemd-update-utmp.service

systemd-user-sessions.service

systemd-veritysetup@.service

systemd-veritysetup@.service(8)

systemd-volatile-root.service

target.target

telinit

time-set.target

time-sync.target

timedatectl

timer.timer

timers.target

udevadm

umount.target

usb-gadget.target

user-UID.slice

user@.service(5)

user-runtime-dir@UID.service

user@.service(5)

user.slice

user@UID.service

user@.service(5)

~/.config/environment.d/*.conf

~/.config/systemd/user/

~/.config/systemd/user.control/

~/.config/user-tmpfiles.d/*.conf

~/.local/share/systemd/user/

~/.local/share/user-tmpfiles.d/*.conf

D-BUS INTERFACES

Interfaces exposed over D-Bus.

org.freedesktop.LogControl1

org.freedesktop.hostname1

org.freedesktop.import1.Manager

org.freedesktop.import1.Transfer

org.freedesktop.locale1

org.freedesktop.login1.Manager

org.freedesktop.login1.Seat

org.freedesktop.login1.Session

org.freedesktop.login1.User

org.freedesktop.machine1.Machine

org.freedesktop.machine1.Manager

org.freedesktop.resolve1.Link

org.freedesktop.resolve1.Manager

org.freedesktop.systemd1.Automount

org.freedesktop.systemd1.Device

org.freedesktop.systemd1.Job

org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager

org.freedesktop.systemd1.Mount

org.freedesktop.systemd1.Path

org.freedesktop.systemd1.Scope

org.freedesktop.systemd1.Service

org.freedesktop.systemd1.Slice

org.freedesktop.systemd1.Socket

org.freedesktop.systemd1.Swap

org.freedesktop.systemd1.Timer

org.freedesktop.systemd1.Unit

org.freedesktop.timedate1

D-BUS METHODS

Methods exposed in the D-Bus interface.

Abandon()

AbandonScope()

Activate()

ActivateSession()

ActivateSessionOnSeat()

AddDependencyUnitFiles()

AttachDevice()

AttachProcesses()

AttachProcessesToUnit()

BindMount()

BindMountMachine()

CanHalt()

CanHibernate()

CanHybridSleep()

CanPowerOff()

CanReboot()

CanRebootParameter()

CanRebootToBootLoaderEntry()

CanRebootToBootLoaderMenu()

CanRebootToFirmwareSetup()

CanSuspend()

CanSuspendThenHibernate()

Cancel()

CancelJob()

CancelScheduledShutdown()

CancelTransfer()

Clean()

CleanPool()

CleanUnit()

ClearJobs()

CloneImage()

CopyFrom()

CopyFromMachine()

CopyTo()

CopyToMachine()

CreateMachine()

CreateMachineWithNetwork()

CreateSession()

DisableUnitFiles()

Dump()

DumpByFileDescriptor()

EnableUnitFiles()

EnqueueJob()

EnqueueUnitJob()

Exit()

ExportRaw()

ExportTar()

FlushCaches()

FlushDevices()

Freeze()

FreezeUnit()

GetAddresses()

GetAfter()

GetBefore()

GetDefaultTarget()

GetDynamicUsers()

GetImage()

GetImageHostname()

GetImageMachineID()

GetImageMachineInfo()

GetImageOSRelease()

GetJob()

GetJobAfter()

GetJobBefore()

GetLink()

GetMachine()

GetMachineAddresses()

GetMachineByPID()

GetMachineOSRelease()

GetMachineUIDShift()

GetOSRelease()

GetProcesses()

GetProductUUID()

GetSeat()

GetSession()

GetSessionByPID()

GetUIDShift()

GetUnit()

GetUnitByControlGroup()

GetUnitByInvocationID()

GetUnitByPID()

GetUnitFileLinks()

GetUnitFileState()

GetUnitProcesses()

GetUser()

GetUserByPID()

Halt()

Hibernate()

HybridSleep()

ImportFileSystem()

ImportRaw()

ImportTar()

Inhibit()

KExec()

Kill()

KillMachine()

KillSession()

KillUnit()

KillUser()

LinkUnitFiles()

ListImages()

ListInhibitors()

ListJobs()

ListMachines()

ListSeats()

ListSessions()

ListTimezones()

ListTransfers()

ListUnitFiles()

ListUnitFilesByPatterns()

ListUnits()

ListUnitsByNames()

ListUnitsByPatterns()

ListUnitsFiltered()

ListUsers()

LoadUnit()

Lock()

LockSession()

LockSessions()

LookupDynamicUserByName()

LookupDynamicUserByUID()

MapFromMachineGroup()

MapFromMachineUser()

MapToMachineGroup()

MapToMachineUser()

MarkImageReadOnly()

MaskUnitFiles()

OpenLogin()

OpenMachineLogin()

OpenMachinePTY()

OpenMachineRootDirectory()

OpenMachineShell()

OpenPTY()

OpenRootDirectory()

OpenShell()

PauseDeviceComplete()

PowerOff()

PresetAllUnitFiles()

PresetUnitFiles()

PresetUnitFilesWithMode()

PullRaw()

PullTar()

Reboot()

ReenableUnitFiles()

Reexecute()

Ref()

RefUnit()

RegisterMachine()

RegisterMachineWithNetwork()

RegisterService()

ReleaseControl()

ReleaseDevice()

ReleaseSession()

Reload()

ReloadOrRestart()

ReloadOrRestartUnit()

ReloadOrTryRestart()

ReloadOrTryRestartUnit()

ReloadUnit()

RemoveImage()

RenameImage()

ResetFailed()

ResetFailedUnit()

ResetServerFeatures()

ResetStatistics()

ResolveAddress()

ResolveHostname()

ResolveRecord()

ResolveService()

Restart()

RestartUnit()

Revert()

RevertLink()

RevertUnitFiles()

ScheduleShutdown()

SetBrightness()

SetChassis()

SetDNS()

SetDNSOverTLS()

SetDNSSEC()

SetDNSSECNegativeTrustAnchors()

SetDefaultRoute()

SetDefaultTarget()

SetDeployment()

SetDomains()

SetEnvironment()

SetExitCode()

SetHostname()

SetIconName()

SetIdleHint()

SetImageLimit()

SetLLMNR()

SetLinkDNS()

SetLinkDNSOverTLS()

SetLinkDNSSEC()

SetLinkDNSSECNegativeTrustAnchors()

SetLinkDefaultRoute()

SetLinkDomains()

SetLinkLLMNR()

SetLinkMulticastDNS()

SetLocalRTC()

SetLocale()

SetLocation()

SetLockedHint()

SetMulticastDNS()

SetNTP()

SetPoolLimit()

SetPrettyHostname()

SetProperties()

SetRebootParameter()

SetRebootToBootLoaderEntry()

SetRebootToBootLoaderMenu()

SetRebootToFirmwareSetup()

SetStaticHostname()

SetTime()

SetTimezone()

SetType()

SetUnitProperties()

SetUserLinger()

SetVConsoleKeyboard()

SetWallMessage()

SetX11Keyboard()

Start()

StartTransientUnit()

StartUnit()

StartUnitReplace()

Stop()

StopUnit()

Subscribe()

Suspend()

SuspendThenHibernate()

SwitchRoot()

SwitchTo()

SwitchToNext()

SwitchToPrevious()

TakeControl()

TakeDevice()

Terminate()

TerminateMachine()

TerminateSeat()

TerminateSession()

TerminateUser()

Thaw()

ThawUnit()

TryRestart()

TryRestartUnit()

Unlock()

UnlockSession()

UnlockSessions()

UnmaskUnitFiles()

Unref()

UnrefUnit()

UnregisterMachine()

UnregisterService()

UnsetAndSetEnvironment()

UnsetEnvironment()

Unsubscribe()

D-BUS PROPERTIES

Properties exposed in the D-Bus interface.

Accept

AccuracyUSec

Active

ActiveEnterTimestamp

ActiveEnterTimestampMonotonic

ActiveExitTimestamp

ActiveExitTimestampMonotonic

ActiveSession

ActiveState

After

AllowIsolate

AllowedCPUs

AllowedMemoryNodes

AmbientCapabilities

AppArmorProfile

Architecture

AssertResult

AssertTimestamp

AssertTimestampMonotonic

Asserts

Audit

Backlog

Before

BindIPv6Only

BindPaths

BindReadOnlyPaths

BindToDevice

BindsTo

BlockIOAccounting

BlockIODeviceWeight

BlockIOReadBandwidth

BlockIOWeight

BlockIOWriteBandwidth

BlockInhibited

BootLoaderEntries

BoundBy

Broadcast

BusName

CPUAccounting

CPUAffinity

CPUAffinityFromNUMA

CPUQuotaPerSecUSec

CPUQuotaPeriodUSec

CPUSchedulingPolicy

CPUSchedulingPriority

CPUSchedulingResetOnFork

CPUShares

CPUUsageNSec

CPUWeight

CacheDirectory

CacheDirectoryMode

CacheStatistics

CanClean

CanFreeze

CanGraphical

CanIsolate

CanNTP

CanReload

CanStart

CanStop

CanTTY

CapabilityBoundingSet

Chassis

Class

CleanResult

CollectMode

ConditionResult

ConditionTimestamp

ConditionTimestampMonotonic

Conditions

ConfigurationDirectory

ConfigurationDirectoryMode

ConfirmSpawn

ConflictedBy

Conflicts

ConsistsOf

ControlGroup

ControlPID

Controller

CoredumpFilter

CurrentDNSServer

DNS

DNSOverTLS

DNSSEC

DNSSECNegativeTrustAnchors

DNSSECStatistics

DNSSECSupported

DNSStubListener

DefaultBlockIOAccounting

DefaultCPUAccounting

DefaultDependencies

DefaultLimitAS

DefaultLimitASSoft

DefaultLimitCORE

DefaultLimitCORESoft

DefaultLimitCPU

DefaultLimitCPUSoft

DefaultLimitDATA

DefaultLimitDATASoft

DefaultLimitFSIZE

DefaultLimitFSIZESoft

DefaultLimitLOCKS

DefaultLimitLOCKSSoft

DefaultLimitMEMLOCK

DefaultLimitMEMLOCKSoft

DefaultLimitMSGQUEUE

DefaultLimitMSGQUEUESoft

DefaultLimitNICE

DefaultLimitNICESoft

DefaultLimitNOFILE

DefaultLimitNOFILESoft

DefaultLimitNPROC

DefaultLimitNPROCSoft

DefaultLimitRSS

DefaultLimitRSSSoft

DefaultLimitRTPRIO

DefaultLimitRTPRIOSoft

DefaultLimitRTTIME

DefaultLimitRTTIMESoft

DefaultLimitSIGPENDING

DefaultLimitSIGPENDINGSoft

DefaultLimitSTACK

DefaultLimitSTACKSoft

DefaultMemoryAccounting

DefaultMemoryLow

DefaultMemoryMin

DefaultOOMPolicy

DefaultRestartUSec

DefaultRoute

DefaultStandardError

DefaultStandardOutput

DefaultStartLimitBurst

DefaultStartLimitIntervalUSec

DefaultTasksAccounting

DefaultTasksMax

DefaultTimeoutAbortUSec

DefaultTimeoutStartUSec

DefaultTimeoutStopUSec

DefaultTimerAccuracyUSec

DeferAcceptUSec

DelayInhibited

Delegate

DelegateControllers

Deployment

Description

Desktop

DeviceAllow

DevicePolicy

DirectoryMode

DisableControllers

Display

Docked

Documentation

Domains

DropInPaths

DynamicUser

EffectiveCPUs

EffectiveMemoryNodes

EnableWallMessages

Environment

EnvironmentFiles

ExecActivate

ExecCondition

ExecConditionEx

ExecDeactivate

ExecMainCode

ExecMainExitTimestamp

ExecMainExitTimestampMonotonic

ExecMainPID

ExecMainStartTimestamp

ExecMainStartTimestampMonotonic

ExecMainStatus

ExecMount

ExecReload

ExecReloadEx

ExecRemount

ExecStart

ExecStartEx

ExecStartPost

ExecStartPostEx

ExecStartPre

ExecStartPreEx

ExecStop

ExecStopEx

ExecStopPost

ExecStopPostEx

ExecStopPre

ExecUnmount

ExitCode

FailureAction

FailureActionExitStatus

FallbackDNS

Features

FileDescriptorName

FileDescriptorStoreMax

FinalKillSignal

FinishTimestamp

FinishTimestampMonotonic

FirmwareTimestamp

FirmwareTimestampMonotonic

Following

ForceUnmount

FragmentPath

FreeBind

FreezerState

GID

GeneratorsFinishTimestamp

GeneratorsFinishTimestampMonotonic

GeneratorsStartTimestamp

GeneratorsStartTimestampMonotonic

Group

GuessMainPID

HandleHibernateKey

HandleLidSwitch

HandleLidSwitchDocked

HandleLidSwitchExternalPower

HandlePowerKey

HandleSuspendKey

HoldoffTimeoutUSec

HomeURL

Hostname

IOAccounting

IODeviceLatencyTargetUSec

IODeviceWeight

IOReadBandwidthMax

IOReadBytes

IOReadIOPSMax

IOReadOperations

IOSchedulingClass

IOSchedulingPriority

IOWeight

IOWriteBandwidthMax

IOWriteBytes

IOWriteIOPSMax

IOWriteOperations

IPAccounting

IPAddressAllow

IPAddressDeny

IPEgressBytes

IPEgressFilterPath

IPEgressPackets

IPIngressBytes

IPIngressFilterPath

IPIngressPackets

IPTOS

IPTTL

IconName

Id

IdleAction

IdleActionUSec

IdleHint

IdleSinceHint

IdleSinceHintMonotonic

IgnoreOnIsolate

IgnoreSIGPIPE

InaccessiblePaths

InactiveEnterTimestamp

InactiveEnterTimestampMonotonic

InactiveExitTimestamp

InactiveExitTimestampMonotonic

InhibitDelayMaxUSec

InhibitorsMax

InitRDGeneratorsFinishTimestamp

InitRDGeneratorsFinishTimestampMonotonic

InitRDGeneratorsStartTimestamp

InitRDGeneratorsStartTimestampMonotonic

InitRDSecurityFinishTimestamp

InitRDSecurityFinishTimestampMonotonic

InitRDSecurityStartTimestamp

InitRDSecurityStartTimestampMonotonic

InitRDTimestamp

InitRDTimestampMonotonic

InitRDUnitsLoadFinishTimestamp

InitRDUnitsLoadFinishTimestampMonotonic

InitRDUnitsLoadStartTimestamp

InitRDUnitsLoadStartTimestampMonotonic

InvocationID

Job

JobRunningTimeoutUSec

JobTimeoutAction

JobTimeoutRebootArgument

JobTimeoutUSec

JobType

JoinsNamespaceOf

KExecWatchdogUSec

KeepAlive

KeepAliveIntervalUSec

KeepAliveProbes

KeepAliveTimeUSec

KernelName

KernelRelease

KernelTimestamp

KernelTimestampMonotonic

KernelVersion

KeyringMode

KillExcludeUsers

KillMode

KillOnlyUsers

KillSignal

KillUserProcesses

LLMNR

LLMNRHostname

LastTriggerUSec

LastTriggerUSecMonotonic

LazyUnmount

Leader

LidClosed

LimitAS

LimitASSoft

LimitCORE

LimitCORESoft

LimitCPU

LimitCPUSoft

LimitDATA

LimitDATASoft

LimitFSIZE

LimitFSIZESoft

LimitLOCKS

LimitLOCKSSoft

LimitMEMLOCK

LimitMEMLOCKSoft

LimitMSGQUEUE

LimitMSGQUEUESoft

LimitNICE

LimitNICESoft

LimitNOFILE

LimitNOFILESoft

LimitNPROC

LimitNPROCSoft

LimitRSS

LimitRSSSoft

LimitRTPRIO

LimitRTPRIOSoft

LimitRTTIME

LimitRTTIMESoft

LimitSIGPENDING

LimitSIGPENDINGSoft

LimitSTACK

LimitSTACKSoft

Linger

Listen

LoadError

LoadState

LoaderTimestamp

LoaderTimestampMonotonic

Local

LocalRTC

Locale

Location

LockPersonality

LockedHint

LogExtraFields

LogLevel

LogLevelMax

LogNamespace

LogRateLimitBurst

LogRateLimitIntervalUSec

LogTarget

LogsDirectory

LogsDirectoryMode

MainPID

MakeDirectory

Mark

MaxConnections

MaxConnectionsPerSource

MemoryAccounting

MemoryCurrent

MemoryDenyWriteExecute

MemoryHigh

MemoryLimit

MemoryLow

MemoryMax

MemoryMin

MemorySwapMax

MessageQueueMaxMessages

MessageQueueMessageSize

MountAPIVFS

MountFlags

MulticastDNS

NAccepted

NAutoVTs

NConnections

NCurrentInhibitors

NCurrentSessions

NFailedJobs

NFailedUnits

NFileDescriptorStore

NInstalledJobs

NJobs

NNames

NRefused

NRestarts

NTP

NTPSynchronized

NUMAMask

NUMAPolicy

Name

Names

NeedDaemonReload

NetworkInterfaces

NetworkNamespacePath

NextElapseUSecMonotonic

NextElapseUSecRealtime

Nice

NoDelay

NoNewPrivileges

NonBlocking

NotifyAccess

OOMPolicy

OOMScoreAdjust

OnClockChange

OnExternalPower

OnFailure

OnFailureJobMode

OnTimezoneChange

OperatingSystemCPEName

OperatingSystemPrettyName

Options

PAMName

PIDFile

PartOf

PassCredentials

PassEnvironment

PassSecurity

Paths

Perpetual

Persistent

Personality

PipeSize

PoolLimit

PoolPath

PoolUsage

PreparingForShutdown

PreparingForSleep

PrettyHostname

Priority

PrivateDevices

PrivateMounts

PrivateNetwork

PrivateTmp

PrivateUsers

Progress

PropagatesReloadTo

ProtectClock

ProtectControlGroups

ProtectHome

ProtectHostname

ProtectKernelLogs

ProtectKernelModules

ProtectKernelTunables

ProtectSystem

RTCTimeUSec

RandomizedDelayUSec

ReadOnlyPaths

ReadWritePaths

RebootArgument

RebootParameter

RebootToBootLoaderEntry

RebootToBootLoaderMenu

RebootToFirmwareSetup

RebootWatchdogUSec

ReceiveBuffer

Refs

RefuseManualStart

RefuseManualStop

ReloadPropagatedFrom

ReloadResult

RemainAfterElapse

RemainAfterExit

Remote

RemoteHost

RemoteUser

RemoveIPC

RemoveOnStop

RequiredBy

Requires

RequiresMountsFor

Requisite

RequisiteOf

Restart

RestartForceExitStatus

RestartKillSignal

RestartPreventExitStatus

RestartUSec

RestrictAddressFamilies

RestrictNamespaces

RestrictRealtime

RestrictSUIDSGID

Result

ReusePort

RootDirectory

RootDirectoryStartOnly

RootImage

RuntimeDirectory

RuntimeDirectoryInodesMax

RuntimeDirectoryMode

RuntimeDirectoryPreserve

RuntimeDirectorySize

RuntimeMaxUSec

RuntimePath

RuntimeWatchdogUSec

SELinuxContext

SameProcessGroup

ScheduledShutdown

Scope

ScopesMask

Seat

SecureBits

SecurityFinishTimestamp

SecurityFinishTimestampMonotonic

SecurityStartTimestamp

SecurityStartTimestampMonotonic

SendBuffer

SendSIGHUP

SendSIGKILL

Service

ServiceWatchdogs

Sessions

SessionsMax

ShowStatus

Slice

SloppyOptions

SmackLabel

SmackLabelIPIn

SmackLabelIPOut

SmackProcessLabel

SocketGroup

SocketMode

SocketProtocol

SocketUser

SourcePath

StandardError

StandardErrorFileDescriptorName

StandardInput

StandardInputData

StandardInputFileDescriptorName

StandardOutput

StandardOutputFileDescriptorName

StartLimitAction

StartLimitBurst

StartLimitIntervalUSec

StartupBlockIOWeight

StartupCPUShares

StartupCPUWeight

StartupIOWeight

State

StateChangeTimestamp

StateChangeTimestampMonotonic

StateDirectory

StateDirectoryMode

StaticHostname

StatusErrno

StatusText

StopWhenUnneeded

SubState

SuccessAction

SuccessActionExitStatus

SuccessExitStatus

SupplementaryGroups

Symlinks

SysFSPath

SyslogFacility

SyslogIdentifier

SyslogLevel

SyslogLevelPrefix

SyslogPriority

SystemCallArchitectures

SystemCallErrorNumber

SystemCallFilter

SystemState

TCPCongestion

TTY

TTYPath

TTYReset

TTYVHangup

TTYVTDisallocate

Tainted

TasksAccounting

TasksCurrent

TasksMax

TemporaryFileSystem

TimeUSec

TimeoutAbortUSec

TimeoutCleanUSec

TimeoutIdleUSec

TimeoutStartUSec

TimeoutStopUSec

TimeoutUSec

TimerSlackNSec

TimersCalendar

TimersMonotonic

Timestamp

TimestampMonotonic

Timezone

TransactionStatistics

Transient

Transparent

TriggerLimitBurst

TriggerLimitIntervalUSec

TriggeredBy

Triggers

Type

UID

UMask

USBFunctionDescriptors

USBFunctionStrings

Unit

UnitFilePreset

UnitFileState

UnitPath

UnitsLoadFinishTimestamp

UnitsLoadFinishTimestampMonotonic

UnitsLoadStartTimestamp

UnitsLoadStartTimestampMonotonic

UnsetEnvironment

User

UserStopDelayUSec

UserspaceTimestamp

UserspaceTimestampMonotonic

UtmpIdentifier

UtmpMode

VConsoleKeymap

VConsoleKeymapToggle

VTNr

Verify

Version

Virtualization

WakeSystem

WallMessage

WantedBy

Wants

WatchdogSignal

WatchdogTimestamp

WatchdogTimestampMonotonic

WatchdogUSec

What

Where

WorkingDirectory

Writable

X11Layout

X11Model

X11Options

X11Variant

D-BUS SIGNALS

Signals emitted in the D-Bus interface.

JobNew

JobRemoved

Lock

LogMessage

MachineNew

MachineRemoved

PauseDevice

PrepareForShutdown

PrepareForSleep

Reloading

RequestStop

ResumeDevice

SeatNew

SeatRemoved

SessionNew

SessionRemoved

StartupFinished

TransferNew

TransferRemoved

UnitFilesChanged

UnitNew

UnitRemoved

Unlock

UserNew

UserRemoved

COLOPHON

This index contains 4349 entries in 21 sections, referring to 337 individual manual pages.
systemd 246