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curl_easy_send(3) libcurl Manual curl_easy_send(3)

NAME

curl_easy_send - sends raw data over an "easy" connection

SYNOPSIS

#include <curl/easy.h>
CURLcode curl_easy_send(CURL *curl, const void *buffer,

size_t buflen, size_t *n);

DESCRIPTION

This function sends arbitrary data over the established connection. You may use it together with curl_easy_recv(3) to implement custom protocols using libcurl. This functionality can be particularly useful if you use proxies and/or SSL encryption: libcurl will take care of proxy negotiation and connection setup.

buffer is a pointer to the data of length buflen that you want sent. The variable n points to will receive the number of sent bytes.

To establish the connection, set CURLOPT_CONNECT_ONLY(3) option before calling curl_easy_perform(3) or curl_multi_perform(3). Note that curl_easy_send(3) will not work on connections that were created without this option.

The call will return CURLE_AGAIN if it's not possible to send data right now - the socket is used in non-blocking mode internally. When CURLE_AGAIN is returned, use your operating system facilities like select(2) to wait until the socket is writable. The socket may be obtained using curl_easy_getinfo(3) with CURLINFO_ACTIVESOCKET(3).

Furthermore if you wait on the socket and it tells you it's writable, curl_easy_send(3) may return CURLE_AGAIN if the only data that was sent was for internal SSL processing, and no other data could be sent.

EXAMPLE


curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_URL, "https://example.com");
/* Do not do the transfer - only connect to host */
curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_CONNECT_ONLY, 1L);
res = curl_easy_perform(curl);
if(res == CURLE_OK) {
/* Extract the socket from the curl handle -
we will need it for waiting. */
res = curl_easy_getinfo(curl, CURLINFO_ACTIVESOCKET, &sockfd);
/* send data */
res = curl_easy_send(curl, "hello", 5, &sent);
}

AVAILABILITY

Added in 7.18.2.

RETURN VALUE

On success, returns CURLE_OK and stores the number of bytes actually sent into *n. Note that this may be less than the amount you wanted to send.

On failure, returns the appropriate error code.

This function may return CURLE_AGAIN. In this case, use your operating system facilities to wait until the socket is writable, and retry.

If there's no socket available to use from the previous transfer, this function returns CURLE_UNSUPPORTED_PROTOCOL.

SEE ALSO

curl_easy_setopt(3), curl_easy_perform(3), curl_easy_getinfo(3), curl_easy_recv(3)

May 17, 2022 libcurl 7.84.0