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gmx-insert-molecules - Insert molecules into existing vacancies


gmx insert-molecules [-f [<.gro/.g96/...>]] [-ci [<.gro/.g96/...>]]

[-ip [<.dat>]] [-n [<.ndx>]] [-o [<.gro/.g96/...>]]
[-replace <selection>] [-sf <file>] [-selrpos <enum>]
[-box <vector>] [-nmol <int>] [-try <int>] [-seed <int>]
[-radius <real>] [-scale <real>] [-dr <vector>]
[-rot <enum>]


gmx insert-molecules inserts -nmol copies of the system specified in the -ci input file. The insertions take place either into vacant space in the solute conformation given with -f, or into an empty box given by -box. Specifying both -f and -box behaves like -f, but places a new box around the solute before insertions. Any velocities present are discarded.

It is possible to also insert into a solvated configuration and replace solvent atoms with the inserted atoms. To do this, use -replace to specify a selection that identifies the atoms that can be replaced. The tool assumes that all molecules in this selection consist of single residues: each residue from this selection that overlaps with the inserted molecules will be removed instead of preventing insertion.

By default, the insertion positions are random (with initial seed specified by -seed). The program iterates until -nmol molecules have been inserted in the box. Molecules are not inserted where the distance between any existing atom and any atom of the inserted molecule is less than the sum based on the van der Waals radii of both atoms. A database (vdwradii.dat) of van der Waals radii is read by the program, and the resulting radii scaled by -scale. If radii are not found in the database, those atoms are assigned the (pre-scaled) distance -radius. Note that the usefulness of those radii depends on the atom names, and thus varies widely with force field.

A total of -nmol * -try insertion attempts are made before giving up. Increase -try if you have several small holes to fill. Option -rot specifies whether the insertion molecules are randomly oriented before insertion attempts.

Alternatively, the molecules can be inserted only at positions defined in positions.dat (-ip). That file should have 3 columns (x,y,z), that give the displacements compared to the input molecule position (-ci). Hence, if that file should contain the absolute positions, the molecule must be centered on (0,0,0) before using gmx insert-molecules (e.g. from gmx editconf -center). Comments in that file starting with # are ignored. Option -dr defines the maximally allowed displacements during insertial trials. -try and -rot work as in the default mode (see above).


Options to specify input files:

Existing configuration to insert into: gro g96 pdb brk ent esp tpr
Configuration to insert: gro g96 pdb brk ent esp tpr
Predefined insertion trial positions
Extra index groups

Options to specify output files:

Output configuration after insertion: gro g96 pdb brk ent esp

Other options:

Atoms that can be removed if overlapping
Provide selections from files
Selection reference positions: atom, res_com, res_cog, mol_com, mol_cog, whole_res_com, whole_res_cog, whole_mol_com, whole_mol_cog, part_res_com, part_res_cog, part_mol_com, part_mol_cog, dyn_res_com, dyn_res_cog, dyn_mol_com, dyn_mol_cog
Box size (in nm)
Number of extra molecules to insert
Try inserting -nmol times -try times
Random generator seed (0 means generate)
Default van der Waals distance
Scale factor to multiply Van der Waals radii from the database in share/gromacs/top/vdwradii.dat. The default value of 0.57 yields density close to 1000 g/l for proteins in water.
Allowed displacement in x/y/z from positions in -ip file
Rotate inserted molecules randomly: xyz, z, none



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2024, GROMACS development team

May 10, 2024 2024.2