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G_PROVIDER(9) Kernel Developer's Manual G_PROVIDER(9)


g_new_providerf, g_destroy_provider, g_error_providerGEOM providers management


#include <geom/geom.h>

struct g_provider *
g_new_providerf(struct g_geom *gp, const char *fmt, ...);

g_destroy_provider(struct g_provider *pp);

g_error_provider(struct g_provider *pp, int error);


A GEOM provider is the front gate at which a geom offers service. A provider is “a disk-like thing which appears in /dev” – a logical disk in other words. All providers have three main properties: name, sectorsize and size.

The () function creates a new provider on given geom gp. The name of the provider, which will appear as device in devfs(5), is created in a printf(3)-like way from the rest of the arguments. After creation, the caller has to set the provider's mediasize and sectorsize, as well as other desired initializations, and then call g_error_provider() to reset the provider's error, which is initially set to ENXIO.

The () function destroys the given provider, cancels all related pending events and removes the corresponding devfs entry.

The () function is used to set the provider's error value. If set to a nonzero, all I/O requests will be denied, as well as increasing its access count will not be possible (error error will be returned).



  • The provider name should be unique, but this is not enforced by GEOM. If the name is not unique, one will end up with two (or more) files with the same name, which is a programmer error.
  • The geom gp has to have a start method defined.
  • The topology lock has to be held.


  • The provider must not have consumers attached.
  • The access count has to be 0.
  • The topology lock has to be held.


The g_new_providerf() function returns a pointer to the newly created provider.


Create an example provider, set its parameters and make it usable.

struct g_provider *
create_example_provider(struct g_geom *gp)
	struct g_provider *pp;

	pp = g_new_providerf(gp, "example_provider");
	pp->mediasize = 65536;
	pp->sectorsize = 512;
	g_error_provider(pp, 0);

	return (pp);


geom(4), DECLARE_GEOM_CLASS(9), g_access(9), g_attach(9), g_bio(9), g_consumer(9), g_data(9), g_event(9), g_geom(9), g_provider_by_name(9), g_wither_geom(9)


This manual page was written by Pawel Jakub Dawidek <>.

January 16, 2004 Debian