NAME¶andi - estimates evolutionary distances
SYNOPSIS¶andi [OPTIONS...] FILES...
DESCRIPTION¶andi estimates the evolutionary distance between closely related genomes. For this andi reads the input sequences from FASTA files and computes the pairwise anchor distance. The idea behind this is explained in a paper by Haubold et al. (2015).
OUTPUT¶The output is a symmetrical distance matrix in PHYLIP format, with each entry representing divergence with a positive real number. A distance of zero means that two sequences are identical, whereas other values are estimates for the nucleotide substitution rate (Jukes-Cantor corrected). For technical reasons the comparison might fail and no estimate can be computed. In such cases nan is printed. This either means that the input sequences were too short (<200bp) or too diverse (K>0.5) for our method to work properly.
- -b INT, --bootstrap=INT
- Compute multiple distance matrices, with n-1 bootstrapped from the first. See the paper Klötzl & Haubold (2016) for a detailed explanation.
- Usually, andi is called with the filenames as commandline arguments. With this option the filenames may also be read from a file itself, with one name per line. Use a single dash ('-') to read from stdin.
- -j, --join
- Use this mode if each of your FASTA files represents one assembly with numerous contigs. andi will then treat all of the contained sequences per file as a single genome. In this mode at least one filename must be provided via command line arguments. For the output the filename is used to identify each sequence.
- -l, --low-memory
- In multithreaded mode, andi requires memory linear to the amount of threads. The low memory mode changes this to a constant demand independent from the used number of threads. Unfortunately, this comes at a significant runtime cost.
- -m MODEL, --model=MODEL
- Set the nucleotide evolution model to one of 'Raw', 'JC', or 'Kimura'. By default the Jukes-Cantor correction is used.
- -p FLOAT
- Significance of an anchor; default: 0.025.
- Print a progress bar. WHEN can be 'auto' (default if omitted), 'always', or 'never'.
- -t INT, --threads=INT
- The number of threads to be used; by default, all available processors are
Multithreading is only available if andi was compiled with OpenMP support.
- By default andi outputs the full names of sequences, optionally padded with spaces, if they are shorter than ten characters. Names longer than ten characters may lead to problems with downstream tools. With this switch names will be truncated.
- -v, --verbose
- Prints additional information, including the amount of found homology. Apply multiple times for extra verboseness.
- -h, --help
- Prints the synopsis and an explanation of available options.
- Outputs version information and acknowledgments.
COPYRIGHT¶Copyright © 2014 - 2020 Fabian Klötzl License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law. The full license text is available at <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS¶1) andi: Haubold, B. Klötzl, F. and Pfaffelhuber, P. (2015). andi: Fast and accurate estimation of evolutionary distances between closely related genomes, Bioinformatics 31.8.
2) Algorithms: Ohlebusch, E. (2013). Bioinformatics Algorithms. Sequence Analysis, Genome Rearrangements, and Phylogenetic Reconstruction. pp 118f.
3) SA construction: Mori, Y. (2005). libdivsufsort, unpublished.
4) Bootstrapping: Klötzl, F. and Haubold, B. (2016). Support Values for Genome Phylogenies, Life 6.1.
Reporting Bugs¶Please report bugs to <firstname.lastname@example.org> or at <https://github.com/EvolBioInf/andi>.