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fribidi_get_par_embedding_levels_ex(3) Programmer's Manual fribidi_get_par_embedding_levels_ex(3)


fribidi_get_par_embedding_levels_ex - get bidi embedding levels of a paragraph


#include <fribidi.h>

extern FriBidiLevel fribidi_get_par_embedding_levels_ex
const FriBidiCharType *bidi_types,
const FriBidiBracketType *bracket_types,
const FriBidiStrIndex len,
FriBidiParType *pbase_dir,
FriBidiLevel *embedding_levels


Input list of bidi types as returned by fribidi_get_bidi_types().

Since there are 23 possible values for a const FriBidiCharType, they are not all listed here.

Input list of bracket types as returned by fribidi_get_bracket_types().
Input string length of the paragraph.
Requested and resolved paragraph base direction.

Possible values for a FriBidiParType are as follows:

Left-To-Right paragraph.
Right-To-Left paragraph.
DirectiOn-Neutral paragraph.
Weak Left To Right paragraph.
Weak Right To Left paragraph.
Output list of embedding levels.


This function finds the bidi embedding levels of a single paragraph, as defined by the Unicode Bidirectional Algorithm available at This function implements rules P2 to I1 inclusive, and parts 1 to 3 of L1, except for rule X9 which is implemented in fribidi_remove_bidi_marks(). Part 4 of L1 is implemented in fribidi_reorder_line().

There are a few macros defined in fribidi-bidi-types.h to work with this embedding levels.


Maximum level found plus one, or zero if any error occurred (memory allocation failure most probably).


fribidi_shape_arabic(3), fribidi_get_par_direction(3), fribidi_reorder_line(3), fribidi_get_bidi_type(3), fribidi_get_bidi_types(3), fribidi_get_bidi_type_name(3), fribidi_debug_status(3), fribidi_set_debug(3), fribidi_charset_to_unicode(3), fribidi_unicode_to_charset(3), fribidi_parse_charset(3), fribidi_mirroring_status(3), fribidi_set_mirroring(3), fribidi_reorder_nsm_status(3), fribidi_set_reorder_nsm(3), fribidi_log2vis_get_embedding_levels(3), fribidi_get_type(3), fribidi_get_type_internal(3), fribidi_get_par_embedding_levels(3), fribidi_join_arabic(3), fribidi_get_joining_type(3), fribidi_get_joining_types(3), fribidi_get_joining_type_name(3), fribidi_get_mirror_char(3), fribidi_shape_mirroring(3), fribidi_get_bracket(3), fribidi_get_bracket_types(3), fribidi_shape(3), fribidi_remove_bidi_marks(3)

20 July 2018 c2man fribidi-bidi.h