captest - a program to demonstrate capabilities
captest [ --drop-all | --drop-caps | --id ] [ --init-grp ] [ --lock ] [
captest is a program that demonstrates and prints out the current process
capabilities. Each option prints the same report. It will output current
capabilities. then it will try to access /etc/shadow directly to show if that
can be done. Then it creates a child process that attempts to read /etc/shadow
and outputs the results of that. Then it outputs the capabilities that a child
process would have.
You can also apply file system capabilities to this program to
study how they work. For example, filecap /usr/bin/captest chown. Then run
captest as a normal user. Another interesting test is to make captest suid
root so that you can see what the interaction is between root's credentials
and capabilities. For example, chmod 4755 /usr/bin/captest. When run as a
normal user, the program will see if privilege escalation is possible. But
do not leave this app setuid root after you are don testing so that an
attacker cannot take advantage of it.
- This drops all capabilities and clears the bounding set.
- This drops just traditional capabilities.
- This changes to uid and gid 99, drops supplemental groups, and clears the
- This changes to uid and gid 99 and then adds any supplemental groups that
comes with that account. You would have add them prior to testing because
by default there are no supplemental groups on account 99.
- This option outputs the effective capabilities in text rather than
- This prevents the ability for child processes to regain privileges if the
uid is 0.