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FBB::DigestBuf(3bobcat) Compute Message Digests FBB::DigestBuf(3bobcat)

NAME

FBB::DigestBuf - Computes Message Digests from information inserted into a std::ostream

SYNOPSIS

#include <bobcat/digestbuf>
Linking option: -lbobcat

DESCRIPTION

FBB::DigestBuf objects are std::streambuf objects that can be used to initialize std::ostream objects with.

All information inserted into such a std::ostream is used to compute a message digest from.

All the message digests defined by the OpenSSL library that can be selected by name may be used in combination with DigestBuf objects.

The following message digest algorithms are currently supported: mull, md2, md5, sha, sha1, sha224, sha256, sha384, sha512, dss, dss1, ecdsa, mdc2, ripemd160. These very names are the ones to use to select the particular digest algorithms for the class’s constructor, below. It is quite possible that future releases of the openssl library will support additional message digest algorithms. The header file openssl/evp.h lists all available digest algorithms (in that file look for EVP_MD *EVP_: a message digest algorithm immediately follows the 2nd underscore. E.g., const EVP_MD *EVP_md4(void) which refers to the md4 message digest algorithm).

NAMESPACE

FBB
All constructors, members, operators and manipulators, mentioned in this man-page, are defined in the namespace FBB.

INHERITS FROM

std::streambuf

CONSTRUCTORS

DigestBuf(char const *type, size_t bufsize = 1024):
This constructor initializes the streambuf, setting it up for the message digest algorithm specified with type. The message digest algorithms specified in the DESCRIPTION section may be used here. E.g., to use the sha256 algorithm specify "sha256".
The bufsize argument specifies the internal buffer used by DigestBuf to store incoming characters temporarily. The provided default argument should be OK in all normal cases.

The copy and move constructors and assignment operators are not available.

OVERLOADED OPERATOR

std::ostream &operator<<(std::ostream &out, DigestBuf const &digestbuf):
The insertion operator is a free function defined in the namespace FBB. It inserts a hash value as a series of hexadecimally displayed values into the provided ostream. See the example below for an illustration.

MEMBER FUNCTIONS

All members of std::streambuf are available, as FBB::DigestBuf inherits from this class.

void eoi():
This member finishes the computation of the message digest computation. It is needed as the DigestBuf object has no external means for deciding whether all information to compute the digest for has yet been received or not. The general approach to follow when computing a message digest is therefore:

create a DigestBuf object
use it to create a std::ostream object
insert information into the ostream object
call the DigestBuf object’s eoi() member or insert the
eoi manipulator into the ostream (see below)
obtain/process the hash value from the DigestBuf object.

std::string const &hash() const:
This member returns the hash value computed by the DigestBuf object. Its value is only defined after having called close(). The hash value is returned in a std::string object. This string’s length() member contains the number of characters used by the hash value, and its data() member refers to the hash value’s characters. Note that a hash value’s character value may be 0 (not to be confused with ’0’).
void reset():
This member reinitializes the message digest computation. One a message digest has been computed for, say a stream streamA this member can be called after which the digest for a stream streamB can be computed using the same DigestBuf object.

MANIPULATOR

FBB::eoi:
The eoi manipulator can be inserted into the ostream to complete the digest. It performs the same actions as the eoi member. If inserted into a plain std::ostream nothing happens.

EXAMPLE

#include <iostream>
#include <ostream>
#include <bobcat/exception>
#include "../digestbuf"
using namespace std;
using namespace FBB;
int main(int argc, char **argv)
try
{

DigestBuf digestbuf(argv[1]);
ostream out(&digestbuf);
string hw("hello world\n");
out << hw << eoi;
cout << ">" << digestbuf << "<" << endl;
digestbuf.reset();
out.write(hw.c_str(), hw.length()) << eoi;
cout << ">" << digestbuf << "<" << endl; } catch(exception const &err) {
cout << err.what() << endl;
return 1; }

FILES

bobcat/digestbuf - defines the class interface

SEE ALSO

bobcat(7), hmacbuf(3bobcat), std::streambuf

BUGS

None reported

BOBCAT PROJECT FILES

https://fbb-git.gitlab.io/bobcat/: gitlab project page;
bobcat_5.09.01-x.dsc: detached signature;
bobcat_5.09.01-x.tar.gz: source archive;
bobcat_5.09.01-x_i386.changes: change log;
libbobcat1_5.09.01-x_*.deb: debian package containing the libraries;
libbobcat1-dev_5.09.01-x_*.deb: debian package containing the libraries, headers and manual pages;

BOBCAT

Bobcat is an acronym of `Brokken’s Own Base Classes And Templates’.

COPYRIGHT

This is free software, distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL).

AUTHOR

Frank B. Brokken (f.b.brokken@rug.nl).

2005-2021 libbobcat-dev_5.09.01