|NG_SPPP(4)||Device Drivers Manual||NG_SPPP(4)|
spppnode is a netgraph(4) interface to the original sppp(4) network module for synchronous lines. Currently, sppp(4) supports PPP and Cisco HDLC protocols. An
spppnode could be considered as an alternative kernel mode PPP implementation to net/mpd port + ng_ppp(4), and as an alternative to ng_cisco(4) node. While having less features than net/mpd + ng_ppp(4), it is significantly easier to use in the majority of simple configurations, and allows the administrator to not install the net/mpd port. With
spppyou do not need any other nodes, not even an ng_iface(4) node. When an
spppnode is created, a new interface appears which is accessible via ifconfig(8). Network interfaces corresponding to
spppnodes are named
sppp1, etc. When a node is shut down, the corresponding interface is removed, and the interface name becomes available for reuse by future
spppnodes. New nodes always take the first unused interface. The node itself is assigned the same name as its interface, unless the name already exists, in which case the node remains unnamed. The
spppnode allows drivers written to the old sppp(4) interface to be rewritten using the newer more powerful netgraph(4) interface, and still behave in a compatible manner without supporting both network modules.
sppp node has a single hook named
downstream. Usually it is connected directly to a
device driver hook.
sppp nodes support the Berkeley Packet
HOOKS¶This node type supports the following hooks:
- The connection to the synchronous line.
CONTROL MESSAGES¶This node type supports the generic control messages, plus the following:
- Returns the name of the associated interface as a
NUL-terminated ASCII string. Normally this is the same as the name of the node.
SHUTDOWN¶This node shuts down upon receipt of a
NGM_SHUTDOWNcontrol message. The associated interface is removed and becomes available for use by future
Unlike most other node types and like
ng_iface(4) does, an
does not go away when all hooks have been disconnected;
rather, an explicit
NGM_SHUTDOWN control message is
EXAMPLES¶For example, if you have the cx(4) device, you could run PPP over it with just one command:
ngctl mkpeer cx0: sppp rawdata downstream
SEE ALSO¶bpf(4), cx(4), netgraph(4), ng_cisco(4), ng_iface(4), ng_ppp(4), sppp(4), ifconfig(8), ngctl(8), spppcontrol(8)
For complex networking topologies you may want to look at net/mpd port.
spppnode type was implemented for FreeBSD 5.0. It was included to the system since FreeBSD 5.3.
AUTHORS¶Copyright (C) 2003-2004 Roman Kurakin <firstname.lastname@example.org>
|February 3, 2005||Linux 4.19.0-10-amd64|