table of contents
|MQ_SEND(2)||System Calls Manual||MQ_SEND(2)|
mq_timedsend — send a
message to message queue (REALTIME)
POSIX Real-time Library (librt, -lrt)
const char *msg_ptr, size_t
msg_len, unsigned msg_prio);
const char *msg_ptr, size_t
msg_len, unsigned msg_prio,
const struct timespec *abs_timeout);
system call adds the message pointed to by the argument
msg_ptr to the message queue specified by
mqdes. The msg_len argument
specifies the length of the message, in bytes, pointed to by
msg_ptr. The value of msg_len
should be less than or equal to the mq_msgsize
attribute of the message queue, or
If the specified message queue is not full,
will behave as if the message is inserted into the message queue at the
position indicated by the msg_prio argument. A message
with a larger numeric value of msg_prio will be
inserted before messages with lower values of
msg_prio. A message will be inserted after other
messages in the queue, if any, with equal msg_prio.
The value of msg_prio should be less than
If the specified message queue is full and
O_NONBLOCK is not set in the message queue
description associated with mqdes,
will block until space becomes available to enqueue the message, or until
mq_send() is interrupted by a signal. If more than
one thread is waiting to send when space becomes available in the message
queue and the Priority Scheduling option is supported, then the thread of
the highest priority that has been waiting the longest will be unblocked to
send its message. Otherwise, it is unspecified which waiting thread is
unblocked. If the specified message queue is full and
O_NONBLOCK is set in the message queue description
associated with mqdes, the message will not be queued
mq_send() will return an error.
system call will add a message to the message queue specified by
mqdes in the manner defined for the
mq_send() system call. However, if the specified
message queue is full and
O_NONBLOCK is not set in
the message queue description associated with mqdes,
the wait for sufficient room in the queue will be terminated when the
specified timeout expires. If
O_NONBLOCK is set in
the message queue description, this system call is equivalent to
The timeout will expire when the absolute time specified by abs_timeout passes, as measured by the clock on which timeouts are based (that is, when the value of that clock equals or exceeds abs_timeout), or if the absolute time specified by abs_timeout has already been passed at the time of the call.
The timeout is based on the
Upon successful completion, the
mq_timedsend() system calls return a value of
zero. Otherwise, no message will be enqueued, the system calls return -1,
and the global variable errno is set to indicate the
mq_timedsend() system calls will fail if:
O_NONBLOCKflag is set in the message queue description associated with mqdes, and the specified message queue is full.
- The mqdes argument is not a valid message queue descriptor open for writing.
- A signal interrupted the call to
- The value of msg_prio was outside the valid range.
- The process or thread would have blocked, and the abs_timeout parameter specified a nanoseconds field value less than zero or greater than or equal to 1000 million.
- The specified message length, msg_len, exceeds the message size attribute of the message queue.
O_NONBLOCKflag was not set when the message queue was opened, but the timeout expired before the message could be added to the queue.
mq_open(2), mq_receive(2), mq_setattr(2), mq_timedreceive(2)
mq_timedsend() system calls conform to
IEEE Std 1003.1-2004 (“POSIX.1”).
Support for POSIX message queues first appeared in FreeBSD 7.0.
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2004 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2004 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html.
|November 29, 2005||Debian|