NAME¶ffmpeg-bitstream-filters - FFmpeg bitstream filters
DESCRIPTION¶This document describes the bitstream filters provided by the libavcodec library. A bitstream filter operates on the encoded stream data, and performs bitstream level modifications without performing decoding.
BITSTREAM FILTERS¶When you configure your FFmpeg build, all the supported bitstream filters are enabled by default. You can list all available ones using the configure option "--list-bsfs". You can disable all the bitstream filters using the configure option "--disable-bsfs", and selectively enable any bitstream filter using the option "--enable-bsf=BSF", or you can disable a particular bitstream filter using the option "--disable-bsf=BSF". The option "-bsfs" of the ff* tools will display the list of all the supported bitstream filters included in your build. The ff* tools have a -bsf option applied per stream, taking a comma-separated list of filters, whose parameters follow the filter name after a '='.
ffmpeg -i INPUT -c:v copy -bsf:v filter1[=opt1=str1:opt2=str2][,filter2] OUTPUTBelow is a description of the currently available bitstream filters, with their parameters, if any.
aac_adtstoasc¶Convert MPEG-2/4 AAC ADTS to an MPEG-4 Audio Specific Configuration bitstream. This filter creates an MPEG-4 AudioSpecificConfig from an MPEG-2/4 ADTS header and removes the ADTS header. This filter is required for example when copying an AAC stream from a raw ADTS AAC or an MPEG-TS container to MP4A-LATM, to an FLV file, or to MOV/MP4 files and related formats such as 3GP or M4A. Please note that it is auto-inserted for MP4A-LATM and MOV/MP4 and related formats.
chomp¶Remove zero padding at the end of a packet.
dca_core¶Extract the core from a DCA/DTS stream, dropping extensions such as DTS-HD.
dump_extra¶Add extradata to the beginning of the filtered packets.
- The additional argument specifies which packets should be filtered. It accepts the values:
- add extradata to all key packets
- add extradata to all packets
ffmpeg -i INPUT -map 0 -flags:v +global_header -c:v libx264 -bsf:v dump_extra out.ts
eac3_core¶Extract the core from a E-AC-3 stream, dropping extra channels.
extract_extradata¶Extract the in-band extradata. Certain codecs allow the long-term headers (e.g. MPEG-2 sequence headers, or H.264/HEVC (VPS/)SPS/PPS) to be transmitted either "in-band" (i.e. as a part of the bitstream containing the coded frames) or "out of band" (e.g. on the container level). This latter form is called "extradata" in FFmpeg terminology. This bitstream filter detects the in-band headers and makes them available as extradata.
- When this option is enabled, the long-term headers are removed from the bitstream after extraction.
filter_units¶Remove units with types in or not in a given set from the stream.
- List of unit types or ranges of unit types to pass through while removing all others. This is specified as a '|'-separated list of unit type values or ranges of values with '-'.
- Identical to pass_types, except the units in the given set removed and all others passed through.
ffmpeg -i INPUT -c:v copy -bsf:v 'filter_units=pass_types=1-5' OUTPUTTo remove all AUDs, SEI and filler from an H.265 stream:
ffmpeg -i INPUT -c:v copy -bsf:v 'filter_units=remove_types=35|38-40' OUTPUT
hapqa_extract¶Extract Rgb or Alpha part of an HAPQA file, without recompression, in order to create an HAPQ or an HAPAlphaOnly file.
- Specifies the texture to keep.
ffmpeg -i hapqa_inputfile.mov -c copy -bsf:v hapqa_extract=texture=color -tag:v HapY -metadata:s:v:0 encoder="HAPQ" hapq_file.movConvert HAPQA to HAPAlphaOnly
ffmpeg -i hapqa_inputfile.mov -c copy -bsf:v hapqa_extract=texture=alpha -tag:v HapA -metadata:s:v:0 encoder="HAPAlpha Only" hapalphaonly_file.mov
h264_metadata¶Modify metadata embedded in an H.264 stream.
- Insert or remove AUD NAL units in all access units of the stream.
- Set the sample aspect ratio of the stream in the VUI parameters.
- Set the video format in the stream (see H.264 section E.2.1 and table E-2).
- Set the colour description in the stream (see H.264 section E.2.1 and tables E-3, E-4 and E-5).
- Set the chroma sample location in the stream (see H.264 section E.2.1 and figure E-1).
- Set the tick rate (num_units_in_tick / time_scale) in the VUI parameters. This is the smallest time unit representable in the stream, and in many cases represents the field rate of the stream (double the frame rate).
- Set whether the stream has fixed framerate - typically this indicates that the framerate is exactly half the tick rate, but the exact meaning is dependent on interlacing and the picture structure (see H.264 section E.2.1 and table E-6).
- Set the frame cropping offsets in the SPS. These values will replace the current ones if the stream is already cropped. These fields are set in pixels. Note that some sizes may not be representable if the chroma is subsampled or the stream is interlaced (see H.264 section 220.127.116.11.1).
- Insert a string as SEI unregistered user data. The argument must be of the form UUID+string, where the UUID is as hex digits possibly separated by hyphens, and the string can be anything. For example, 086f3693-b7b3-4f2c-9653-21492feee5b8+hello will insert the string ``hello'' associated with the given UUID.
- Deletes both filler NAL units and filler SEI messages.
h264_mp4toannexb¶Convert an H.264 bitstream from length prefixed mode to start code prefixed mode (as defined in the Annex B of the ITU-T H.264 specification). This is required by some streaming formats, typically the MPEG-2 transport stream format (muxer "mpegts"). For example to remux an MP4 file containing an H.264 stream to mpegts format with ffmpeg, you can use the command:
ffmpeg -i INPUT.mp4 -codec copy -bsf:v h264_mp4toannexb OUTPUT.tsPlease note that this filter is auto-inserted for MPEG-TS (muxer "mpegts") and raw H.264 (muxer "h264") output formats.
h264_redundant_pps¶This applies a specific fixup to some Blu-ray streams which contain redundant PPSs modifying irrelevant parameters of the stream which confuse other transformations which require correct extradata. A new single global PPS is created, and all of the redundant PPSs within the stream are removed.
hevc_metadata¶Modify metadata embedded in an HEVC stream.
- Insert or remove AUD NAL units in all access units of the stream.
- Set the sample aspect ratio in the stream in the VUI parameters.
- Set the video format in the stream (see H.265 section E.3.1 and table E.2).
- Set the colour description in the stream (see H.265 section E.3.1 and tables E.3, E.4 and E.5).
- Set the chroma sample location in the stream (see H.265 section E.3.1 and figure E.1).
- Set the tick rate in the VPS and VUI parameters (num_units_in_tick / time_scale). Combined with num_ticks_poc_diff_one, this can set a constant framerate in the stream. Note that it is likely to be overridden by container parameters when the stream is in a container.
- Set poc_proportional_to_timing_flag in VPS and VUI and use this value to set num_ticks_poc_diff_one_minus1 (see H.265 sections 18.104.22.168 and E.3.1). Ignored if tick_rate is not also set.
- Set the conformance window cropping offsets in the SPS. These values will replace the current ones if the stream is already cropped. These fields are set in pixels. Note that some sizes may not be representable if the chroma is subsampled (H.265 section 22.214.171.124.1).
hevc_mp4toannexb¶Convert an HEVC/H.265 bitstream from length prefixed mode to start code prefixed mode (as defined in the Annex B of the ITU-T H.265 specification). This is required by some streaming formats, typically the MPEG-2 transport stream format (muxer "mpegts"). For example to remux an MP4 file containing an HEVC stream to mpegts format with ffmpeg, you can use the command:
ffmpeg -i INPUT.mp4 -codec copy -bsf:v hevc_mp4toannexb OUTPUT.tsPlease note that this filter is auto-inserted for MPEG-TS (muxer "mpegts") and raw HEVC/H.265 (muxer "h265" or "hevc") output formats.
imxdump¶Modifies the bitstream to fit in MOV and to be usable by the Final Cut Pro decoder. This filter only applies to the mpeg2video codec, and is likely not needed for Final Cut Pro 7 and newer with the appropriate -tag:v. For example, to remux 30 MB/sec NTSC IMX to MOV:
ffmpeg -i input.mxf -c copy -bsf:v imxdump -tag:v mx3n output.mov
mjpeg2jpeg¶Convert MJPEG/AVI1 packets to full JPEG/JFIF packets. MJPEG is a video codec wherein each video frame is essentially a JPEG image. The individual frames can be extracted without loss, e.g. by
ffmpeg -i ../some_mjpeg.avi -c:v copy frames_%d.jpgUnfortunately, these chunks are incomplete JPEG images, because they lack the DHT segment required for decoding. Quoting from < http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/formats/fdd/fdd000063.shtml>: Avery Lee, writing in the rec.video.desktop newsgroup in 2001, commented that "MJPEG, or at least the MJPEG in AVIs having the MJPG fourcc, is restricted JPEG with a fixed -- and *omitted* -- Huffman table. The JPEG must be YCbCr colorspace, it must be 4:2:2, and it must use basic Huffman encoding, not arithmetic or progressive. . . . You can indeed extract the MJPEG frames and decode them with a regular JPEG decoder, but you have to prepend the DHT segment to them, or else the decoder won't have any idea how to decompress the data. The exact table necessary is given in the OpenDML spec." This bitstream filter patches the header of frames extracted from an MJPEG stream (carrying the AVI1 header ID and lacking a DHT segment) to produce fully qualified JPEG images.
ffmpeg -i mjpeg-movie.avi -c:v copy -bsf:v mjpeg2jpeg frame_%d.jpg exiftran -i -9 frame*.jpg ffmpeg -i frame_%d.jpg -c:v copy rotated.avi
mjpegadump¶Add an MJPEG A header to the bitstream, to enable decoding by Quicktime.
mov2textsub¶Extract a representable text file from MOV subtitles, stripping the metadata header from each subtitle packet. See also the text2movsub filter.
mp3decomp¶Decompress non-standard compressed MP3 audio headers.
mpeg2_metadata¶Modify metadata embedded in an MPEG-2 stream.
- Set the display aspect ratio in the stream. The following fixed values are supported:
Any other value will result in square pixels being signalled instead (see H.262 section 6.3.3 and table 6-3).
- Set the frame rate in the stream. This is constructed from a table of known values combined with a small multiplier and divisor - if the supplied value is not exactly representable, the nearest representable value will be used instead (see H.262 section 6.3.3 and table 6-4).
- Set the video format in the stream (see H.262 section 6.3.6 and table 6-6).
- Set the colour description in the stream (see H.262 section 6.3.6 and tables 6-7, 6-8 and 6-9).
mpeg4_unpack_bframes¶Unpack DivX-style packed B-frames. DivX-style packed B-frames are not valid MPEG-4 and were only a workaround for the broken Video for Windows subsystem. They use more space, can cause minor AV sync issues, require more CPU power to decode (unless the player has some decoded picture queue to compensate the 2,0,2,0 frame per packet style) and cause trouble if copied into a standard container like mp4 or mpeg-ps/ts, because MPEG-4 decoders may not be able to decode them, since they are not valid MPEG-4. For example to fix an AVI file containing an MPEG-4 stream with DivX-style packed B-frames using ffmpeg, you can use the command:
ffmpeg -i INPUT.avi -codec copy -bsf:v mpeg4_unpack_bframes OUTPUT.avi
noise¶Damages the contents of packets or simply drops them without damaging the container. Can be used for fuzzing or testing error resilience/concealment. Parameters:
- A numeral string, whose value is related to how often output bytes will be modified. Therefore, values below or equal to 0 are forbidden, and the lower the more frequent bytes will be modified, with 1 meaning every byte is modified.
- A numeral string, whose value is related to how often packets will be dropped. Therefore, values below or equal to 0 are forbidden, and the lower the more frequent packets will be dropped, with 1 meaning every packet is dropped.
ffmpeg -i INPUT -c copy -bsf noise[=1] output.mkv
null¶This bitstream filter passes the packets through unchanged.
remove_extra¶Remove extradata from packets. It accepts the following parameter:
- Set which frame types to remove extradata from.
- Remove extradata from non-keyframes only.
- Remove extradata from keyframes only.
- e, all
- Remove extradata from all frames.