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ED(1) User Commands ED(1)


Ed - line-oriented text editor


ed [options] [file]


GNU Ed - The GNU line editor.


-h, --help
display this help and exit
-V, --version
output version information and exit
-G, --traditional
run in compatibility mode
-l, --loose-exit-status
exit with 0 status even if a command fails
-p, --prompt=STRING
use STRING as an interactive prompt
-r, --restricted
run in restricted mode
-s, --quiet, --silent
suppress diagnostics
-v, --verbose
be verbose

Start edit by reading in 'file' if given. If 'file' begins with a '!', read output of shell command.

Exit status: 0 for a normal exit, 1 for environmental problems (file not found, invalid flags, I/O errors, etc), 2 to indicate a corrupt or invalid input file, 3 for an internal consistency error (eg, bug) which caused ed to panic.


Report bugs to
Ed home page:
General help using GNU software:


Copyright © 1994 Andrew L. Moore.
Copyright © 2014 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <>
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.


The full documentation for Ed is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and Ed programs are properly installed at your site, the command
info Ed

should give you access to the complete manual.

January 2014 Ed 1.10