setupcon - sets up the font and the keyboard on the console
is a program for fast and easy setup of the font and the
keyboard on the console. Most of the time you invoke setupcon
arguments. The keyboard configuration is specified in ~/.keyboard
. The font configuration is specified in
for instructions how to
configure these two files.
If you have to switch often between different encodings, keyboards or languages,
you can prepare several alternative configuration files for setupcon
Suppose that most of the time you will use Greek language with Greek keyboard
layout, but sometimes you need to type in German with German keyboard layout.
In this situation you should customize the main configuration files
) for Greek. Also, create alternative
configuration files for German named keyboard.german
. Then in order to configure the console for Greek
you will simply run the command with no arguments: setupcon
order to configure the console for German you will use
- Specifies which configuration file to use. With no variant,
the configuration files of setupcon are named console-setup
and keyboard. On the other hand, if you use e.g. chukchi as
VARIANT then the configuration files are
console-setup.chukchi and keyboard.chukchi. In this way you
can have easy access to several different configurations - for example one
for the Chukchi language and another for the default configuration.
- -v, --verbose
- Be more verbose. Use this option if something goes wrong or
while experimenting with the configuration files.
- -k, --keyboard-only
- Setup the keyboard only, do not setup the font or the
terminal. On Linux it is enough to do this configuration only once.
- -f, --font-only
- Setup the font only, do not setup the keyboard or the
terminal. On Linux this configuration should be repeated each time a new
console driver is activated (for example when the frame buffer becomes
- -t, --terminal-only
- Setup the terminal only, do not setup the keyboard or the
- Setup the only the current virtual terminal.
- Do not check whether we are on the console. Notice that you
can be forced to hard-reboot your computer if you run setupcon with
this option and the screen is controlled by a X server.
- This option can be useful if you want to use
setupcon early in the boot process while /usr is not yet
mounted and the required data are not available. This option will make
setupcon copy the required files in /etc/console-setup/ in
order to make them available before /usr is mounted. If you use
setupcon early in the boot process, then you should run it with
this option after every change of the console configuration.
- The same as --save, but does not setup anything.
This option can be useful if you want to save the required files while the
screen is controlled by a X server.
- --save-keyboard FILE
- For use by initrd builders. Do not configure anything. Save
an usable keyboard layout in FILE.
- --setup-dir DIR
- For use by initrd builders. Do not configure anything.
Arrange in the directory DIR everything necessary in order to
configure the console. The file DIR/morefiles lists all binaries
the initrd builder has to install in the initrd image. All other files in
DIR have to be copied unchanged in the initrd. In order to
configure the console one has to run the script DIR/bin/setupcon.
- -h, --help
- Display usage information.