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RTC_GEOMETRY_TYPE_QUAD - quad geometry type



#include <embree3/rtcore.h>
RTCGeometry geometry =
  rtcNewGeometry(device, RTC_GEOMETRY_TYPE_QUAD);



Quad meshes are created by passing RTC_GEOMETRY_TYPE_QUAD to the rtcNewGeometry function call. The quad indices can be specified by setting an index buffer (RTC_BUFFER_TYPE_INDEX type) and the quad vertices by setting a vertex buffer (RTC_BUFFER_TYPE_VERTEX type). See rtcSetGeometryBuffer and rtcSetSharedGeometryBuffer for more details on how to set buffers. The index buffer contains an array of four 32-bit indices per quad (RTC_FORMAT_UINT4 format), and the number of primitives is inferred from the size of that buffer. The vertex buffer contains an array of single precision x, y, z floating point coordinates (RTC_FORMAT_FLOAT3 format), and the number of vertices is inferred from the size of that buffer. The vertex buffer can be at most 16 GB large.

A quad is internally handled as a pair of two triangles v0,v1,v3 and v2,v3,v1, with the u'/v' coordinates of the second triangle corrected by u = 1-u' and v = 1-v' to produce a quad parametrization where u and v are in the range 0 to 1. Thus the parametrization of a quad uses the first vertex p0 as base point, and the vector p1 - p0 as u-direction, and p3 - p0 as v-direction. Thus vertex attributes t0,t1,t2,t3 can be bilinearly interpolated over the quadrilateral the following way:

t_uv = (1-v)((1-u)*t0 + u*t1) + v*((1-u)*t3 + u*t2)


Mixed triangle/quad meshes are supported by encoding a triangle as a quad, which can be achieved by replicating the last triangle vertex (v0,v1,v2 -> v0,v1,v2,v2). This way the second triangle is a line (which can never get hit), and the parametrization of the first triangle is compatible with the standard triangle parametrization.

A quad whose vertices are laid out counter-clockwise has its geometry normal pointing upwards outside the front face, like illustrated in the following picture.


For multi-segment motion blur, the number of time steps must be first specified using the rtcSetGeometryTimeStepCount call. Then a vertex buffer for each time step can be set using different buffer slots, and all these buffers must have the same stride and size.


On failure NULL is returned and an error code is set that can be queried using rtcGetDeviceError.