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CLANGD(1) User Commands CLANGD(1)


clangd - manual page for clangd 15


OVERVIEW: clangd is a language server that provides IDE-like features to editors.

It should be used via an editor plugin rather than invoked directly. For more information, see:

clangd accepts flags on the commandline, and in the CLANGD_FLAGS environment variable.

USAGE: clangd [options]


Generic Options:

--help - Display available options (--help-hidden for more)

--help-list - Display list of available options (--help-list-hidden for more)

--version - Display the version of this program

clangd compilation flags options:

--compile-commands-dir=<string> - Specify a path to look for compile_commands.json. If path is invalid, clangd will look in the current directory and parent paths of each source file

--query-driver=<string> - Comma separated list of globs for white-listing gcc-compatible drivers that are safe to execute. Drivers matching any of these globs will be used to extract system includes. e.g. /usr/bin/**/clang-*,/path/to/repo/**/g++-*

clangd feature options:

--all-scopes-completion - If set to true, code completion will include index symbols that are not defined in the scopes (e.g. namespaces) visible from the code completion point. Such completions can insert scope qualifiers

--background-index - Index project code in the background and persist index on disk.

--background-index-priority=<value> - Thread priority for building the background index. The effect of this flag is OS-specific.

- Minimum priority, runs on idle CPUs. May leave 'performance' cores unused.
- Reduced priority compared to interactive work.
- Same priority as other clangd work.

--clang-tidy - Enable clang-tidy diagnostics

--completion-style=<value> - Granularity of code completion suggestions

- One completion item for each semantically distinct completion, with full type information
- Similar completion items (e.g. function overloads) are combined. Type information shown where possible

--fallback-style=<string> - clang-format style to apply by default when no .clang-format file is found

--function-arg-placeholders - When disabled, completions contain only parentheses for function calls. When enabled, completions also contain placeholders for method parameters

--header-insertion=<value> - Add #include directives when accepting code completions

- Include what you use. Insert the owning header for top-level symbols, unless the header is already directly included or the symbol is forward-declared
- Never insert #include directives as part of code completion

--header-insertion-decorators - Prepend a circular dot or space before the completion label, depending on whether an include line will be inserted or not

--limit-references=<int> - Limit the number of references returned by clangd. 0 means no limit (default=1000)

--limit-results=<int> - Limit the number of results returned by clangd. 0 means no limit (default=100)

--project-root=<string> - Path to the project root. Requires remote-index-address to be set.

--remote-index-address=<string> - Address of the remote index server

clangd miscellaneous options:

--check[=<string>] - Parse one file in isolation instead of acting as a language server. Useful to investigate/reproduce crashes or configuration problems. With --check=<filename>, attempts to parse a particular file.

--check-lines[=<string>] - If specified, limits the range of tokens in -check file on which various features are tested. Example --check-lines=3-7 restricts testing to lines 3 to 7 (inclusive) or --check-lines=5 to restrict to one line. Default is testing entire file.

Project config is from a .clangd file in the project directory. User config is from clangd/config.yaml in the following directories:
Mac OS: ~/Library/Preferences/ Others: $XDG_CONFIG_HOME, usually ~/.config
Configuration is documented at

-j <uint> - Number of async workers used by clangd. Background index also uses this many workers.

--malloc-trim - Release memory periodically via malloc_trim(3).

--pch-storage=<value> - Storing PCHs in memory increases memory usages, but may improve performance

- store PCHs on disk
- store PCHs in memory

clangd protocol and logging options:

--log=<value> - Verbosity of log messages written to stderr

- Error messages only
- High level execution tracing
- Low level details

--offset-encoding=<value> - Force the offsetEncoding used for character positions. This bypasses negotiation via client capabilities

- Offsets are in UTF-8 bytes
- Offsets are in UTF-16 code units
- Offsets are in unicode codepoints

--path-mappings=<string> - Translates between client paths (as seen by a remote editor) and server paths (where clangd sees files on disk). Comma separated list of '<client_path>=<server_path>' pairs, the first entry matching a given path is used. e.g. /home/project/incl=/opt/include,/home/project=/workarea/project

--pretty - Pretty-print JSON output

June 2023 clangd 15