NAME¶s3qlcp - Copy-on-write replication on S3QL file systems
s3qlcp [options] <source-dir> <dest-dir>
DESCRIPTION¶S3QL is a file system for online data storage. Before using S3QL, make sure to consult the full documentation (rather than just the man pages which only briefly document the available userspace commands).
The s3qlcp command duplicates the directory tree source-dir into dest-dir without physically copying the file contents. Both source and destination must lie inside the same S3QL file system.
The replication will not take any additional space. Only if one of directories is modified later on, the modified data will take additional storage space.
s3qlcp can only be called by the user that mounted the file system and (if the file system was mounted with --allow-other or --allow-root) the root user.
- After the replication, both source and target directory will still be completely ordinary directories. You can regard <src> as a snapshot of <target> or vice versa. However, the most common usage of s3qlcp is to regularly duplicate the same source directory, say documents, to different target directories. For a e.g. monthly replication, the target directories would typically be named something like documents_January for the replication in January, documents_February for the replication in February etc. In this case it is clear that the target directories should be regarded as snapshots of the source directory.
- Exactly the same effect could be achieved by an ordinary copy program like cp -a. However, this procedure would be orders of magnitude slower, because cp would have to read every file completely (so that S3QL had to fetch all the data over the network from the backend) before writing them into the destination folder.
Snapshotting vs Hardlinking¶Snapshot support in S3QL is inspired by the hardlinking feature that is offered by programs like rsync or storeBackup. These programs can create a hardlink instead of copying a file if an identical file already exists in the backup. However, using hardlinks has two large disadvantages:
- backups and restores always have to be made with a special program that takes care of the hardlinking. The backup must not be touched by any other programs (they may make changes that inadvertently affect other hardlinked files)
- special care needs to be taken to handle files which are already hardlinked (the restore program needs to know that the hardlink was not just introduced by the backup program to safe space)
S3QL snapshots do not have these problems, and they can be used with any backup program.
OPTIONS¶The s3qlcp command accepts the following options:
- --log <target>
- Destination for log messages. Specify none for standard output or syslog for the system logging daemon. Anything else will be interpreted as a file name. Log files will be rotated when they reach 1 MiB, and at most 5 old log files will be kept. Default: None
- --debug-modules <modules>
- Activate debugging output from specified modules (use commas to separate multiple modules). Debug messages will be written to the target specified by the --log option.
- Activate debugging output from all S3QL modules. Debug messages will be written to the target specified by the --log option.
- be really quiet
- just print program version and exit
EXIT CODES¶s3qlcp may terminate with the following exit codes:
- Everything went well.
- An unexpected error occured. This may indicate a bug in the program.
- Invalid command line argument or configuration file key.
SEE ALSO¶The S3QL homepage is at https://github.com/s3ql/s3ql/.
The full S3QL documentation should also be installed somewhere on your system, common locations are /usr/share/doc/s3ql or /usr/local/doc/s3ql.
COPYRIGHT¶© 2008 Nikolaus Rath <Nikolaus@rath.org>
|October 23, 2019||3.3.2|