|Telephony::Asterisk::AMI(3pm)||User Contributed Perl Documentation||Telephony::Asterisk::AMI(3pm)|
Telephony::Asterisk::AMI - Simple Asterisk Manager Interface client
This document describes version 0.006 of Telephony::Asterisk::AMI, released December 26, 2015.
use Telephony::Asterisk::AMI (); my $ami = Telephony::Asterisk::AMI->new( Username => 'user', Secret => 'password', ); $ami->connect or die $ami->error; my $response = $ami->action(Action => 'Ping'); $ami->disconnect or die $ami->error;
Telephony::Asterisk::AMI is a simple client for the Asterisk Manager Interface. It's better documented and less buggy than Asterisk::Manager, and has fewer prerequisites than Asterisk::AMI. It uses IO::Socket::IP, so it should support either IPv4 or IPv6.
If you need a more sophisticated client (especially for use in an event-driven program), try Asterisk::AMI.
$ami = Telephony::Asterisk::AMI->new(%args);
Constructs a new $ami object. The %args may be passed as a hashref or a list of "key => value" pairs.
This does not do any network communication; you must call "connect" to open the connection before doing anything else.
The parameters are:
- The AMI username to use when logging in. (required)
- The AMI secret (password) to use when logging in. (required)
- The hostname to connect to. You can also specify "hostname:port" as a single string. (default: localhost).
- The port number to connect to (if no port was specified with "Host"). (default: 5038)
- The ActionID to start at. Each call to "action" increments the ActionID. (Note: The "connect" & "disconnect" methods also consume an ActionID for the implicit Login & Logoff actions.) (default: 1)
- If set to a true value, sets "Debug_FH" to "STDERR" (unless it was already set to a different value). (default: false)
- A filehandle to write a transcript of the communications to. Lines sent to Asterisk are prefixed with ">>", and lines received from Asterisk are prefixed with "<<". (default: no transcript)
- A coderef that is called when an event is received from Asterisk while the "action" method is waiting for a response. The event data is passed as a hashref, just like the return value of the "action" method. You MUST NOT call any methods on $ami from inside the callback. (default: events are ignored)
The constructor throws an exception if a required parameter is omitted.
$success = $ami->connect;
Opens the connection to Asterisk and logs in. $success is true if the login was successful, or "undef" on error. On failure, you can get the error message with "$ami->error".
$success = $ami->disconnect;
Logs off of Asterisk and closes the connection. $success is true if the logoff was successful, or "undef" on error. On failure, you can get the error message with "$ami->error".
After a successful call to "disconnect", you may call "connect" again to reestablish the connection.
$response = $ami->action(%args);
Sends an action request to Asterisk and returns the response. The %args may be passed as a hashref or a list of "key => value" pairs, where the keys are the Asterisk field names. To create more than one instance of a field, make the value an arrayref.
The only required key is "Action". (Asterisk may require other keys depending on the value of "Action", but that is not enforced by this module.)
Do not pass an "ActionID" in %args. The ActionID is provided automatically.
The $response is a hashref formed from Asterisk's response in the same format as %args. It will have a "Response" key whose value is either "Success" or "Error". Unless it's an error response, it will also have an "ActionID" key whose value is the ActionID assigned to it. (An error response might or might not have an ActionID.)
Any events that are received while waiting for the response to the action are dispatched to the "Event_Callback" (if any). If no callback was provided, events are discarded.
If you have not called the "connect" method (or it failed), calling "action" will return a manufactured Error response with Message "Not connected to Asterisk!" and set "$ami->error".
If communication with Asterisk fails, it will return a manufactured Error response with Message "Writing to socket failed: %s" or "Reading from socket failed: %s" and set "$ami->error".
$error_message = $ami->error;
If communication with Asterisk fails, this method will return an error message describing the problem.
If Asterisk returns "Response: Error" for some action, that does not set "$ami->error". The exceptions are the automatic Login and Logoff actions performed by the "connect" and "disconnect" methods, which do set "error" on failure.
It returns "undef" if there has been no communication error.
You shouldn't normally need to use these methods, but sometimes you need more control over the communication with Asterisk.
$actionid = $ami->send_action(%args);
Sends an action request to Asterisk and returns the ActionID. The %args are the same as for "action".
Do not pass an "ActionID" in %args. The ActionID is provided automatically and returned.
If you have not called the "connect" method (or it failed), calling "send_action" will return "undef" and set "$ami->error" to "Not connected to Asterisk!".
If communication with Asterisk fails, it will return "undef" and set "$ami->error" to "Writing to socket failed: %s".
$response = $ami->read_response;
Reads a single message from Asterisk. Blocks until a message arrives. The "action" method waits for the response, so "read_response" is only useful for reading events (or if you used the low-level "send_action" method).
It returns a hashref in the same format as the return value of the "action" method. See that for details.
Note that events received by "read_response" are not delivered to the "Event_Callback" (if any). The callback is used only for events that are received during the execution of the "action" method.
If you have not called the "connect" method (or it failed), calling "read_response" will return a manufactured Error response with Message "Not connected to Asterisk!" and set "$ami->error".
If communication with Asterisk fails, it will return a manufactured Error response with Message "Reading from socket failed: %s" and set "$ami->error".
Asterisk::AMI is a more sophisticated AMI client better suited for event-driven programs.
If you're using POE, you may want POE::Component::Client::Asterisk::Manager.
- "Required parameter %s not defined"
- You omitted a required parameter from a method call.
CONFIGURATION AND ENVIRONMENT¶
Telephony::Asterisk::AMI requires no configuration files or environment variables.
Telephony::Asterisk::AMI depends on IO::Socket::IP, which became a core module with Perl 5.20. There are no other non-core dependencies.
BUGS AND LIMITATIONS¶
No bugs have been reported.
Christopher J. Madsen "<perl AT cjmweb.net>"
Please report any bugs or feature requests to "<bug-Telephony-Asterisk-AMI AT rt.cpan.org>" or through the web interface at <http://rt.cpan.org/Public/Bug/Report.html?Queue=Telephony-Asterisk-AMI>.
You can follow or contribute to Telephony-Asterisk-AMI's development at <https://github.com/madsen/Telephony-Asterisk-AMI>.
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE¶
This software is copyright (c) 2015 by Christopher J. Madsen.
This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY¶
BECAUSE THIS SOFTWARE IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR THE SOFTWARE, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE SOFTWARE "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE SOFTWARE IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE SOFTWARE PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR, OR CORRECTION.
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