cmcalibrate(1) | Infernal Manual | cmcalibrate(1) |

# NAME¶

cmcalibrate - fit exponential tails for covariance model E-value determination

# SYNOPSIS¶

**cmcalibrate** *[options]* *cmfile*

# DESCRIPTION¶

**cmcalibrate** determines exponential tail parameters for
E-value determination by generating random sequences, searching them with
the CM and collecting the scores of the resulting hits. A histogram of the
bit scores of the hits is fit to an exponential tail, and the parameters of
the fitted tail are saved to the CM file. The exponential tail parameters
are then used to estimate the statistical significance of hits found in
**cmsearch** and **cmscan.**

A CM file must be calibrated with **cmcalibrate** before it can
be used in **cmsearch** or **cmscan,** with a single exception: it is
not necessary to calibrate CM files that include only models with zero
basepairs before running **cmsearch.**

**cmcalibrate** is very slow. It takes a couple of hours to
calibrate a single average sized CM on a single CPU. **cmcalibrate** will
run in parallel on all available cores if Infernal was built on a system
that supports POSIX threading (see the Installation section of the user
guide for more information). Using **<n>** cores will result in
roughly **<n>** -fold acceleration versus a single CPU. MPI
(Message Passing Interface) can be also be used for parallelization with the
**--mpi** option if Infernal was built with MPI enabled, but using more
than 161 processors is not recommended because increasing past 161 won't
accelerate the calibration. See the Installation section of the user guide
for more information.

The **--forecast** option can be used to estimate how long the
program will take to run for a given *cmfile* on the current machine.
To predict the running time on *<n>* processors with MPI,
additionally use the **--nforecast*** <n>* option.

The random sequences searched in **cmcalibrate** are generated
by an HMM that was trained on real genomic sequences with various GC
contents. The goal is to have the GC distributions in the random sequences
be similar to those in actual genomic sequences.

Four rounds of searches and subsequent exponential tail fits are
performed, one each for the four different CM algorithms that can be used in
**cmsearch** and **cmscan:** glocal CYK, glocal Inside, local CYK and
local Inside.

The E-values parameters determined by **cmcalibrate** are only
used by the **cmsearch** and **cmscan** programs. If you are not going
to use these programs then do not waste time calibrating your models.

# OPTIONS¶

**-h**- Help; print a brief reminder of command line usage and available options.
**-L***<x>*- Set the total length of random sequences to search to
*<x>*megabases (Mb). By default,*<x> is*1.6 Mb. Increasing*<x>*will make the exponential tail fits more precise and E-values more accurate, but will take longer (doubling*<x>*will roughly double the running time). Decreasing*<x>*is not recommended as it will make the fits less precise and the E-values less accurate.

# OPTIONS FOR PREDICTING REQUIRED TIME AND MEMORY¶

**--forecast**- Predict the running time of the calibration of
*cmfile*(with provided options) on the current machine and exit. The calibration is not performed. The predictions should be considered rough estimates. If multithreading is enabled (see Installation section of user guide), the timing will take into account the number of available cores. **--nforecast***<n>*- With
**--forecast,**specify that*<n>*processors will be used for the calibration. This might be useful for predicting the running time of an MPI run with*<n>*processors. **--memreq**- Predict the amount of required memory for calibrating
*cmfile*(with provided options) on the current machine and exit. The calibration is not performed.

# OPTIONS CONTROLLING EXPONENTIAL TAIL FITS¶

**--gtailn***<x>*- fit the exponential tail for glocal Inside and glocal CYK to the
*<n>*highest scores in the histogram tail, where*<n>*is*<x>*times the number of Mb searched. The default value of*<x>*is 250. The value 250 was chosen because it works well empirically relative to other values. **--ltailn***<x>*- fit the exponential tail for local Inside and local CYK to the
*<n>*highest scores in the histogram tail, where*<n>*is*<x>*times the number of Mb searched. The default value of*<x>*is 750. The value 750 was chosen because it works well empirically relative to other values. **--tailp***<x>*- Ignore the
**--gtailn**and**--ltailn**prefixed options and fit the*<x>*fraction tail of the histogram to an exponential tail, for all search modes.

# OPTIONAL OUTPUT FILES¶

**--hfile***<f>*- Save the histograms fit to file
*<f>.*The format of this file is two space delimited columns per line. The first column is the x-axis values of bit scores of each bin. The second column is the y-axis values of number of hits per bin. Each series is delimited by a line with a single character "&". The file will contain one series for each of the four exponential tail fits in the following order: glocal CYK, glocal Inside, local CYK, and local Inside. **--sfile***<f>*- Save survival plot information to file
*<f>.*The format of this file is two space delimited columns per line. The first column is the x-axis values of bit scores of each bin. The second column is the y-axis values of fraction of hits that meet or exceed the score for each bin. Each series is delimited by a line with a single character "&". The file will contain three series of data for each of the four CM search modes in the following order: glocal CYK, glocal Inside, local CYK, and local Inside. The first series is the empirical survival plot from the histogram of hits to the random sequence. The second series is the exponential tail fit to the empirical distribution. The third series is the exponential tail fit if lambda were fixed and set as the natural log of 2 (0.691314718). **--qqfile***<f>*- Save quantile-quantile plot information to file
*<f>.*The format of this file is two space delimited columns per line. The first column is the x-axis values, and the second column is the y-axis values. The distance of the points from the identity line (y=x) is a measure of how good the exponential tail fit is, the closer the points are to the identity line, the better the fit is. Each series is delimited by a line with a single character "&". The file will contain one series of empirical data for each of the four exponential tail fits in the following order: glocal CYK, glocal Inside, local CYK and local Inside. **--ffile***<f>*- Save space delimited statistics of different exponential tail fits to file
*<f>.*The file will contain the lambda and mu values for exponential tails fit to histogram tails of different sizes. The fields in the file are labelled informatively. **--xfile***<f>*- Save a list of the scores in each fit histogram tail to file
*<f>.*Each line of this file will have a different score indicating one hit existed in the tail with that score. Each series is delimited by a line with a single character "&". The file will contain one series for each of the four exponential tail fits in the following order: glocal CYK, glocal Inside, local CYK, and local Inside.

# OTHER OPTIONS¶

**--seed***<n>*- Seed the random number generator with
*<n>,*an integer >= 0. If*<n>*is nonzero, stochastic simulations will be reproducible; the same command will give the same results. If*<n>*is 0, the random number generator is seeded arbitrarily, and stochastic simulations will vary from run to run of the same command. The default seed is 181. **--beta***<x>*- By default query-dependent banding (QDB) is used to accelerate the CM
search algorithms with a beta tail loss probability of 1E-15. This beta
value can be changed to
*<x>*with**--beta***<x>***.**The beta parameter is the amount of probability mass excluded during band calculation, higher values of beta give greater speedups but sacrifice more accuracy than lower values. The default value used is 1E-15. (For more information on QDB see Nawrocki and Eddy, PLoS Computational Biology 3(3): e56.) **--nonbanded**- Turn off QDB during E-value calibration. This will slow down calibration.
**--nonull3**- Turn off the null3 post hoc additional null model. This is not recommended
unless you plan on using the same option to
**cmsearch**and/or**cmscan.** **--random**- Use the background null model of the CM to generate the random sequences,
instead of the more realistic HMM. Unless the CM was built using the
**--null**option to**cmbuild,**the background null model will be 25% each A, C, G and U. **--gc***<f>*- Generate the random sequences using the nucleotide distribution from the
sequence file
*<f>.* **--cpu***<n>*- Specify that
*<n>*parallel CPU workers be used. If*<n>*is set as "0", then the program will be run in serial mode, without using threads. You can also control this number by setting an environment variable,*INFERNAL_NCPU.*This option will only be available if the machine on which Infernal was built is capable of using POSIX threading (see the Installation section of the user guide for more information). **--mpi**- Run as an MPI parallel program. This option will only be available if Infernal has been configured and built with the "--enable-mpi" flag (see the Installation section of the user guide for more information).

# SEE ALSO¶

See **infernal(1)** for a master man page with a list of all
the individual man pages for programs in the Infernal package.

For complete documentation, see the user guide that came with your Infernal distribution (Userguide.pdf); or see the Infernal web page (http://eddylab.org/infernal/).

# COPYRIGHT¶

Copyright (C) 2020 Howard Hughes Medical Institute. Freely distributed under the BSD open source license.

For additional information on copyright and licensing, see the file called COPYRIGHT in your Infernal source distribution, or see the Infernal web page (http://eddylab.org/infernal/).

# AUTHOR¶

http://eddylab.org

Dec 2020 | Infernal 1.1.4 |