git-cherry-pick - Apply the changes introduced by some existing
git cherry-pick [--edit] [-n] [-m parent-number] [-s] [-x] [--ff]
git cherry-pick (--continue | --skip | --abort | --quit)
Given one or more existing commits, apply the change each one
introduces, recording a new commit for each. This requires your working tree
to be clean (no modifications from the HEAD commit).
When it is not obvious how to apply a change, the following
1.The current branch and HEAD pointer stay at the
last commit successfully made.
2.The CHERRY_PICK_HEAD ref is set to point at the
commit that introduced the change that is difficult to apply.
3.Paths in which the change applied cleanly are updated
both in the index file and in your working tree.
4.For conflicting paths, the index file records up to
three versions, as described in the "TRUE MERGE" section of
. The working tree files will include a description of the
conflict bracketed by the usual conflict markers
5.No other modifications are made.
See git-merge(1) for some hints on resolving such
Commits to cherry-pick. For a more complete list of ways
to spell commits, see gitrevisions(7)
. Sets of commits can be passed
but no traversal is done by default, as if the --no-walk
specified, see git-rev-list(1)
. Note that specifying a range will feed
all <commit>... arguments to a single revision walk (see a later example
that uses maint master..next
With this option, git cherry-pick will let you
edit the commit message prior to committing.
This option determines how the commit message will be
cleaned up before being passed on to the commit machinery. See
for more details. In particular, if the
is given a value of scissors
, scissors will be
appended to MERGE_MSG
before being passed on in the case of a
When recording the commit, append a line that says
"(cherry picked from commit ...)" to the original commit message in
order to indicate which commit this change was cherry-picked from. This is
done only for cherry picks without conflicts. Do not use this option if you
are cherry-picking from your private branch because the information is useless
to the recipient. If on the other hand you are cherry-picking between two
publicly visible branches (e.g. backporting a fix to a maintenance branch for
an older release from a development branch), adding this information can be
It used to be that the command defaulted to do -x
described above, and -r was to disable it. Now the default is not to do
-x so this option is a no-op.
-m parent-number, --mainline parent-number
Usually you cannot cherry-pick a merge because you do not
know which side of the merge should be considered the mainline. This option
specifies the parent number (starting from 1) of the mainline and allows
cherry-pick to replay the change relative to the specified parent.
Usually the command automatically creates a sequence of
commits. This flag applies the changes necessary to cherry-pick each named
commit to your working tree and the index, without making any commit. In
addition, when this option is used, your index does not have to match the HEAD
commit. The cherry-pick is done against the beginning state of your index.
This is useful when cherry-picking more than one commits' effect
to your index in a row.
Add a Signed-off-by
trailer at the end of the
commit message. See the signoff option in git-commit(1)
-S[<keyid>], --gpg-sign[=<keyid>], --no-gpg-sign
GPG-sign commits. The keyid argument is optional
and defaults to the committer identity; if specified, it must be stuck to the
option without a space. --no-gpg-sign is useful to countermand both
commit.gpgSign configuration variable, and earlier
If the current HEAD is the same as the parent of the
cherry-pick’ed commit, then a fast forward to this commit will be
By default, cherry-picking an empty commit will fail,
indicating that an explicit invocation of git commit --allow-empty is
required. This option overrides that behavior, allowing empty commits to be
preserved automatically in a cherry-pick. Note that when "--ff" is
in effect, empty commits that meet the "fast-forward" requirement
will be kept even without this option. Note also, that use of this option only
keeps commits that were initially empty (i.e. the commit recorded the same
tree as its parent). Commits which are made empty due to a previous commit are
dropped. To force the inclusion of those commits use
By default, cherry-picking a commit with an empty message
will fail. This option overrides that behavior, allowing commits with empty
messages to be cherry picked.
If a commit being cherry picked duplicates a commit
already in the current history, it will become empty. By default these
redundant commits cause cherry-pick to stop so the user can examine the
commit. This option overrides that behavior and creates an empty commit
object. Implies --allow-empty.
Use the given merge strategy. Should only be used once.
See the MERGE STRATEGIES section in git-merge(1)
Pass the merge strategy-specific option through to the
merge strategy. See git-merge(1)
Allow the rerere mechanism to update the index with the
result of auto-conflict resolution if possible.
Continue the operation in progress using the information
in .git/sequencer. Can be used to continue after resolving conflicts in
a failed cherry-pick or revert.
Skip the current commit and continue with the rest of the
Forget about the current operation in progress. Can be
used to clear the sequencer state after a failed cherry-pick or revert.
Cancel the operation and return to the pre-sequence
git cherry-pick master
Apply the change introduced by the commit at the tip of
the master branch and create a new commit with this change.
git cherry-pick ..master, git cherry-pick ^HEAD
Apply the changes introduced by all commits that are
ancestors of master but not of HEAD to produce new commits.
git cherry-pick maint next ^master, git cherry-pick
Apply the changes introduced by all commits that are
ancestors of maint or next, but not master or any of its ancestors. Note that
the latter does not mean maint and everything between master and
next; specifically, maint will not be used if it is included in
git cherry-pick master~4 master~2
Apply the changes introduced by the fifth and third last
commits pointed to by master and create 2 new commits with these
git cherry-pick -n master~1 next
Apply to the working tree and the index the changes
introduced by the second last commit pointed to by master and by the last
commit pointed to by next, but do not create any commit with these
git cherry-pick --ff ..next
If history is linear and HEAD is an ancestor of next,
update the working tree and advance the HEAD pointer to match next. Otherwise,
apply the changes introduced by those commits that are in next but not HEAD to
the current branch, creating a new commit for each new change.
git rev-list --reverse master -- README | git cherry-pick -n
Apply the changes introduced by all commits on the master
branch that touched README to the working tree and index, so the result can be
inspected and made into a single new commit if suitable.
The following sequence attempts to backport a patch, bails out
because the code the patch applies to has changed too much, and then tries
again, this time exercising more care about matching up context lines.
$ git cherry-pick topic^ (1)
$ git diff (2)
$ git reset --merge ORIG_HEAD (3)
$ git cherry-pick -Xpatience topic^ (4)
1. apply the change that would be shown by git show
topic^. In this example, the patch does not apply cleanly, so
information about the conflict is written to the index and working tree and
no new commit results.
2. summarize changes to be reconciled
3. cancel the cherry-pick. In other words, return to the
pre-cherry-pick state, preserving any local modifications you had in the
4. try to apply the change introduced by topic^ again, spending
extra time to avoid mistakes based on incorrectly matching context