Tcl_ExprLong(3tcl) | Tcl Library Procedures | Tcl_ExprLong(3tcl) |

# NAME¶

Tcl_ExprLong, Tcl_ExprDouble, Tcl_ExprBoolean, Tcl_ExprString - evaluate an expression

# SYNOPSIS¶

#include <tcl.h>intTcl_ExprLong(interp, expr, longPtr) intTcl_ExprDouble(interp, expr, doublePtr) intTcl_ExprBoolean(interp, expr, booleanPtr) intTcl_ExprString(interp, expr)

# ARGUMENTS¶

- Tcl_Interp
**interp*(in) - Interpreter in whose context to evaluate
*expr*. - const char
**expr*(in) - Expression to be evaluated.
- long
**longPtr*(out) - Pointer to location in which to store the integer value of the expression.
- int
**doublePtr*(out) - Pointer to location in which to store the floating-point value of the expression.
- int
**booleanPtr*(out) - Pointer to location in which to store the 0/1 boolean value of the
expression.

# DESCRIPTION¶

These four procedures all evaluate the expression given by the
*expr* argument and return the result in one of four different forms.
The expression can have any of the forms accepted by the **expr**
command. Note that these procedures have been largely replaced by the
value-based procedures **Tcl_ExprLongObj**, **Tcl_ExprDoubleObj**,
**Tcl_ExprBooleanObj**, and **Tcl_ExprObj**. Those value-based
procedures evaluate an expression held in a Tcl value instead of a string.
The value argument can retain an internal representation that is more
efficient to execute.

The *interp* argument refers to an interpreter used to
evaluate the expression (e.g. for variables and nested Tcl commands) and to
return error information.

For all of these procedures the return value is a standard Tcl
result: **TCL_OK** means the expression was successfully evaluated, and
**TCL_ERROR** means that an error occurred while evaluating the
expression. If **TCL_ERROR** is returned then the interpreter's result
will hold a message describing the error. If an error occurs while executing
a Tcl command embedded in the expression then that error will be
returned.

If the expression is successfully evaluated, then its value is
returned in one of four forms, depending on which procedure is invoked.
**Tcl_ExprLong** stores an integer value at **longPtr*. If the
expression's actual value is a floating-point number, then it is truncated
to an integer. If the expression's actual value is a non-numeric string then
an error is returned.

**Tcl_ExprDouble** stores a floating-point value at
**doublePtr*. If the expression's actual value is an integer, it is
converted to floating-point. If the expression's actual value is a
non-numeric string then an error is returned.

**Tcl_ExprBoolean** stores a 0/1 integer value at
**booleanPtr*. If the expression's actual value is an integer or
floating-point number, then they store 0 at **booleanPtr* if the value
was zero and 1 otherwise. If the expression's actual value is a non-numeric
string then it must be one of the values accepted by **Tcl_GetBoolean**
such as “yes” or “no”, or else an error
occurs.

**Tcl_ExprString** returns the value of the expression as a
string stored in the interpreter's result.

# SEE ALSO¶

Tcl_ExprLongObj, Tcl_ExprDoubleObj, Tcl_ExprBooleanObj, Tcl_ExprObj

# KEYWORDS¶

boolean, double, evaluate, expression, integer, value, string

7.0 | Tcl |