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Digest::HMAC(3pm) User Contributed Perl Documentation Digest::HMAC(3pm)


Digest::HMAC - Keyed-Hashing for Message Authentication


 # Functional style
 use Digest::HMAC qw(hmac hmac_hex);
 $digest = hmac($data, $key, \&myhash);
 print hmac_hex($data, $key, \&myhash);
 # OO style
 use Digest::HMAC;
 $hmac = Digest::HMAC->new($key, "Digest::MyHash");
 $digest = $hmac->digest;
 $digest = $hmac->hexdigest;
 $digest = $hmac->b64digest;


HMAC is used for message integrity checks between two parties that share a secret key, and works in combination with some other Digest algorithm, usually MD5 or SHA-1. The HMAC mechanism is described in RFC 2104.

HMAC follow the common "Digest::" interface, but the constructor takes the secret key and the name of some other simple "Digest::" as argument.

The hmac() and hmac_hex() functions and the Digest::HMAC->new() constructor takes an optional $blocksize argument as well. The HMAC algorithm assumes the digester to hash by iterating a basic compression function on blocks of data and the $blocksize should match the byte-length of such blocks.

The default $blocksize is 64 which is suitable for the MD5 and SHA-1 digest functions. For stronger algorithms the blocksize probably needs to be increased.


Digest::HMAC_MD5, Digest::HMAC_SHA1

RFC 2104


Andrew Rodland <>


Graham Barr <>, Gisle Aas <>

2022-10-13 perl v5.34.0