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gdallocationinfo - Raster query tool.


Usage: gdallocationinfo [--help-general] [-xml] [-lifonly] [-valonly]

[-b band]* [-overview overview_level]
[-l_srs srs_def] [-geoloc] [-wgs84]
[-oo NAME=VALUE]* srcfile [x y]


The gdallocationinfo utility provide a mechanism to query information about a pixel given its location in one of a variety of coordinate systems. Several reporting options are provided.

The output report will be XML formatted for convenient post processing.

The only output is filenames production from the LocationInfo request against the database (i.e. for identifying impacted file from VRT).

The only output is the pixel values of the selected pixel on each of the selected bands.

Selects a band to query. Multiple bands can be listed. By default all bands are queried.

Query the (overview_level)th overview (overview_level=1 is the 1st overview), instead of the base band. Note that the x,y location (if the coordinate system is pixel/line) must still be given with respect to the base band.

The coordinate system of the input x, y location.

Indicates input x,y points are in the georeferencing system of the image.

Indicates input x,y points are WGS84 long, lat.

Dataset open option (format specific)

The source GDAL raster datasource name.

X location of target pixel. By default the coordinate system is pixel/line unless -l_srs, -wgs84 or -geoloc supplied.

Y location of target pixel. By default the coordinate system is pixel/line unless -l_srs, -wgs84 or -geoloc supplied.

This utility is intended to provide a variety of information about a pixel. Currently it reports:

  • The location of the pixel in pixel/line space.
  • The result of a LocationInfo metadata query against the datasource. This is implement for VRT files which will report the file(s) used to satisfy requests for that pixel, and by the MBTiles driver
  • The raster pixel value of that pixel for all or a subset of the bands.
  • The unscaled pixel value if a Scale and/or Offset apply to the band.

The pixel selected is requested by x/y coordinate on the command line, or read from stdin. More than one coordinate pair can be supplied when reading coordinates from stdin. By default pixel/line coordinates are expected. However with use of the -geoloc, -wgs84, or -l_srs switches it is possible to specify the location in other coordinate systems.

The default report is in a human readable text format. It is possible to instead request xml output with the -xml switch.

For scripting purposes, the -valonly and -lifonly switches are provided to restrict output to the actual pixel values, or the LocationInfo files identified for the pixel.

It is anticipated that additional reporting capabilities will be added to gdallocationinfo in the future.


Simple example reporting on pixel (256,256) on the file utm.tif.

$ gdallocationinfo utm.tif 256 256
Location: (256P,256L)
Band 1:

Value: 115

Query a VRT file providing the location in WGS84, and getting the result in xml.

$ gdallocationinfo -xml -wgs84 utm.vrt -117.5 33.75
<Report pixel="217" line="282">

<BandReport band="1">
</BandReport> </Report>

Reading location from stdin.

$ cat coordinates.txt
443020 3748359
441197 3749005
443852 3747743
$ cat coordinates.txt | gdallocationinfo -geoloc utmsmall.tif

Location: (38P,49L)
Band 1:
Value: 214 Report:
Location: (7P,38L)
Band 1:
Value: 107 Report:
Location: (52P,59L)
Band 1:
Value: 148


Frank Warmerdam <>



January 2, 2023