|Device Drivers Manual
pty — old-style
compatibility pseudo-terminal driver
pty driver provides support for the
traditional BSD naming scheme that was used for accessing pseudo-terminals
before it was replaced by pts(4). This traditional naming
is still used in Linux. When the device /dev/ptyXX
is being opened, a new terminal shall be created with the
pts(4) driver. A device node for this terminal shall be
created, which has the name /dev/ttyXX.
pty driver also provides a cloning
System V /dev/ptmx device.
New code should not try to allocate pseudo-terminals using this interface. It is only provided for compatibility with older C libraries that tried to open such devices when posix_openpt(2) was being called, and for running Linux binaries.
The BSD-style compatibility pseudo-terminal driver uses the following device names:
- Pseudo-terminal master devices.
- Pseudo-terminal slave devices.
- Control device, returns a file descriptor to a new master pseudo-terminal when opened.
A pseudo-terminal driver appeared in 4.2BSD.
Unlike previous implementations, the master and slave device nodes are destroyed when the PTY becomes unused. A call to stat(2) on a nonexistent master device will already cause a new master device node to be created. The master device can only be destroyed by opening and closing it.
pty driver cannot be unloaded, because
it cannot determine if it is being used.
|October 28, 2019