|WAIT4(2)||Linux Programmer's Manual||WAIT4(2)|
NAME¶wait3, wait4 - wait for process to change state, BSD style
#include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/time.h> #include <sys/resource.h> #include <sys/wait.h>pid_t wait3(int *status, int options, struct rusage *rusage);pid_t wait4(pid_t pid, int *status, int options, struct rusage *rusage);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
_BSD_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 || _XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED
DESCRIPTION¶These functions are obsolete; use waitpid(2) or waitid(2) in new programs.
wait3(status, options, rusage);is equivalent to:
waitpid(-1, status, options);Similarly, the following wait4() call:
wait4(pid, status, options, rusage);is equivalent to:
waitpid(pid, status, options);In other words, wait3() waits of any child, while wait4() can be used to select a specific child, or children, on which to wait. See wait(2) for further details. If rusage is not NULL, the struct rusage to which it points will be filled with accounting information about the child. See getrusage(2) for details.
RETURN VALUE¶As for waitpid(2).
ERRORS¶As for waitpid(2).
NOTES¶Including <sys/time.h> is not required these days, but increases portability. (Indeed, <sys/resource.h> defines the rusage structure with fields of type struct timeval defined in <sys/time.h>.)
SEE ALSO¶fork(2), getrusage(2), sigaction(2), signal(2), wait(2), signal(7)
COLOPHON¶This page is part of release 3.44 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.