table of contents
|GETPRIORITY(2)||System Calls Manual||GETPRIORITY(2)|
NAME¶getpriority, setpriority — get/set program scheduling priority
LIBRARY¶Standard C Library (libc, -lc)
#include <sys/resource.h> int
getpriority(int which, int who); int
setpriority(int which, int who, int prio);
DESCRIPTION¶The scheduling priority of the process, process group, or user, as indicated by which and who is obtained with the getpriority() system call and set with the setpriority() system call. The which argument is one of
PRIO_USER, and who is interpreted relative to which (a process identifier for
PRIO_PROCESS, process group identifier for
PRIO_PGRP, and a user ID for
PRIO_USER). A zero value of who denotes the current process, process group, or user. The prio argument is a value in the range -20 to 20. The default priority is 0; lower priorities cause more favorable scheduling. The getpriority() system call returns the highest priority (lowest numerical value) enjoyed by any of the specified processes. The setpriority() system call sets the priorities of all of the specified processes to the specified value. Only the super-user may lower priorities.
RETURN VALUES¶Since getpriority() can legitimately return the value -1, it is necessary to clear the external variable errno prior to the call, then check it afterward to determine if a -1 is an error or a legitimate value.
The setpriority() function returns the value 0 if successful; otherwise the value -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error.
ERRORS¶The getpriority() and setpriority() system calls will fail if:
- No process was located using the which and who values specified.
- The which argument was not one of
- A process was located, but neither its effective nor real user ID matched the effective user ID of the caller.
- A non super-user attempted to lower a process priority.
SEE ALSO¶nice(1), fork(2), renice(8)
HISTORY¶The getpriority() system call appeared in 4.2BSD.
|June 4, 1993||Debian|