— software loopback network
interface is a software loopback mechanism which may
be used for performance analysis, software testing, and/or local
communication. As with other network interfaces, the loopback interface must
have network addresses assigned for each address family with which it is to be
used. These addresses may be set or changed with the
. The loopback
interface should be the last interface configured, as protocols may use the
order of configuration as an indication of priority. The loopback should
be configured first unless no hardware interfaces
If the transmit checksum offload capability flag is enabled on a loopback
interface, checksums will not be generated by IP, UDP, or TCP for packets sent
on the interface.
If the receive checksum offload capability flag is enabled on a loopback
interface, checksums will not be validated by IP, UDP, or TCP for packets
received on the interface.
By default, both receive and transmit checksum flags will be enabled, in order
to avoid the overhead of checksumming for local communication where data
corruption is unlikely. If transmit checksum generation is disabled, then
validation should also be disabled in order to avoid packets being dropped due
to invalid checksums.
- lo%d: can't handle af%d.
- The interface was handed a message with addresses
formatted in an unsuitable address family; the packet was dropped.
device appeared in 4.2BSD
current checksum generation and validation avoidance policy appeared in