table of contents
|CONDVAR(9)||Kernel Developer's Manual||CONDVAR(9)|
NAME¶condvar, cv_init, cv_destroy, cv_wait, cv_wait_sig, cv_wait_unlock, cv_timedwait, cv_timedwait_sig, cv_signal, cv_broadcast, cv_broadcastpri, cv_wmesg — kernel condition variable
#include <sys/condvar.h> void
cv_init(struct cv *cvp, const char *desc); void
cv_destroy(struct cv *cvp); void
cv_wait(struct cv *cvp, lock); int
cv_wait_sig(struct cv *cvp, lock); void
cv_wait_unlock(struct cv *cvp, lock); int
cv_timedwait(struct cv *cvp, lock, int timo); int
cv_timedwait_sig(struct cv *cvp, lock, int timo); void
cv_signal(struct cv *cvp); void
cv_broadcast(struct cv *cvp); void
cv_broadcastpri(struct cv *cvp, int pri); const char *
cv_wmesg(struct cv *cvp);
DESCRIPTION¶Condition variables are used in conjunction with mutexes to wait for conditions to occur. Condition variables are created with cv_init(), where cvp is a pointer to space for a struct cv, and desc is a pointer to a null-terminated character string that describes the condition variable. Condition variables are destroyed with cv_destroy(). Threads wait on condition variables by calling cv_wait(), cv_wait_sig(), cv_wait_unlock(), cv_timedwait(), or cv_timedwait_sig(). Threads unblock waiters by calling cv_signal() to unblock one waiter, or cv_broadcast() or cv_broadcastpri() to unblock all waiters. In addition to waking waiters, cv_broadcastpri() ensures that all of the waiters have a priority of at least pri by raising the priority of any threads that do not. cv_wmesg() returns the description string of cvp, as set by the initial call to cv_init(). The lock argument is a pointer to either a mutex(9), rwlock(9), or sx(9) lock. A mutex(9) argument must be initialized with
MTX_SPIN. A thread must hold lock before calling cv_wait(), cv_wait_sig(), cv_wait_unlock(), cv_timedwait(), or cv_timedwait_sig(). When a thread waits on a condition, lock is atomically released before the thread is blocked, then reacquired before the function call returns. In addition, the thread will fully drop the Giant mutex (even if recursed) while the it is suspended and will reacquire the Giant mutex before the function returns. The cv_wait_unlock() function does not reacquire the lock before returning. Note that the Giant mutex may be specified as lock. However, Giant may not be used as lock for the cv_wait_unlock() function. All waiters must pass the same lock in conjunction with cvp. When cv_wait(), cv_wait_sig(), cv_wait_unlock(), cv_timedwait(), and cv_timedwait_sig() unblock, their calling threads are made runnable. cv_timedwait() and cv_timedwait_sig() wait for at most timo /
HZseconds before being unblocked and returning
EWOULDBLOCK; otherwise, they return 0. cv_wait_sig() and cv_timedwait_sig() return prematurely with a value of
ERESTARTif a signal is caught, or 0 if signaled via cv_signal() or cv_broadcast().
RETURN VALUES¶If successful, cv_wait_sig(), cv_timedwait(), and cv_timedwait_sig() return 0. Otherwise, a non-zero error code is returned. cv_wmesg() returns the description string that was passed to cv_init().
ERRORS¶cv_wait_sig() and cv_timedwait_sig() will fail if:
- A signal was caught and the system call should be interrupted.
- A signal was caught and the system call should be restarted.
- Timeout expired.
SEE ALSO¶locking(9), mtx_pool(9), mutex(9), rwlock(9), sema(9), sleep(9), sx(9)
|June 5, 2007||Debian|