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SPLIT(1) User Commands SPLIT(1)


split - split a file into pieces


split [ OPTION]... [INPUT [PREFIX]]


Output fixed-size pieces of INPUT to PREFIXaa, PREFIXab, ...; default size is 1000 lines, and default PREFIX is `x'. With no INPUT, or when INPUT is -, read standard input.
Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
-a, --suffix-length=N
use suffixes of length N (default 2)
-b, --bytes=SIZE
put SIZE bytes per output file
-C, --line-bytes=SIZE
put at most SIZE bytes of lines per output file
-d, --numeric-suffixes
use numeric suffixes instead of alphabetic
-e, --elide-empty-files
do not generate empty output files with `-n'
write to shell COMMAND; file name is $FILE
-l, --lines=NUMBER
put NUMBER lines per output file
-n, --number=CHUNKS
generate CHUNKS output files. See below
-u, --unbuffered
immediately copy input to output with `-n r/...'
print a diagnostic just before each output file is opened
display this help and exit
output version information and exit
SIZE may be (or may be an integer optionally followed by) one of following: KB 1000, K 1024, MB 1000*1000, M 1024*1024, and so on for G, T, P, E, Z, Y.
CHUNKS may be: N split into N files based on size of input K/N output Kth of N to stdout l/N split into N files without splitting lines l/K/N output Kth of N to stdout without splitting lines r/N like `l' but use round robin distribution r/K/N likewise but only output Kth of N to stdout


Written by Torbjorn Granlund and Richard M. Stallman.


Report split bugs to
GNU coreutils home page: <>
General help using GNU software: <>
Report split translation bugs to <>


Copyright © 2011 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <>.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.


The full documentation for split is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and split programs are properly installed at your site, the command
info coreutils 'split invocation'
should give you access to the complete manual.
September 2011 GNU coreutils 8.12.197-032bb