rm - remove files or directories
This manual page documents the GNU version of rm
specified file. By default, it does not remove directories.
If the -I
option is given, and there are
more than three files or the -r
, or --recursive
given, then rm
prompts the user for whether to proceed with the entire
operation. If the response is not affirmative, the entire command is aborted.
Otherwise, if a file is unwritable, standard input is a terminal, and the
option is not given, or the -i
option is given, rm
prompts the user for
whether to remove the file. If the response is not affirmative, the file is
Remove (unlink) the FILE(s).
- -f, --force
- ignore nonexistent files, never prompt
- prompt before every removal
- prompt once before removing more than three files, or when
removing recursively. Less intrusive than -i, while still giving
protection against most mistakes
- prompt according to WHEN: never, once (-I), or
always ( -i). Without WHEN, prompt always
- when removing a hierarchy recursively, skip any directory
that is on a file system different from that of the corresponding command
- do not treat `/' specially
- do not remove `/' (default)
- -r, -R, --recursive
- remove directories and their contents recursively
- -v, --verbose
- explain what is being done
- display this help and exit
- output version information and exit
By default, rm does not remove directories. Use the --recursive
) option to remove each listed directory, too, along
with all of its contents.
To remove a file whose name starts with a `-', for example `-foo', use one of
- rm -- -foo
- rm ./-foo
Note that if you use rm to remove a file, it might be possible to recover some
of its contents, given sufficient expertise and/or time. For greater assurance
that the contents are truly unrecoverable, consider using shred.
Written by Paul Rubin, David MacKenzie, Richard M. Stallman, and Jim Meyering.
Report rm bugs to email@example.com
GNU coreutils home page: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/
General help using GNU software: <http://www.gnu.org/gethelp/
Report rm translation bugs to <http://translationproject.org/team/
Copyright © 2011 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL
version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO
WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.
The full documentation for rm
is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the
programs are properly installed at your site, the
- info coreutils 'rm invocation'
should give you access to the complete manual.