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SS-REDIR(1) Shadowsocks-libev Manual SS-REDIR(1)

NAME

ss-redir - shadowsocks client as transparent proxy, libev port

SYNOPSIS

ss-redir [-uUv6] [-h|--help] [-s <server_host>] [-p <server_port>] [-l <local_port>] [-k <password>] [-m <encrypt_method>] [-f <pid_file>] [-t <timeout>] [-c <config_file>] [-b <local_address>] [-a <user_name>] [-n <nofile>] [--mtu <MTU>] [--no-delay] [--plugin <plugin_name>] [--plugin-opts <plugin_options>] [--password <password>] [--key <key_in_base64>]

DESCRIPTION

Shadowsocks-libev is a lightweight and secure socks5 proxy. It is a port of the original shadowsocks created by clowwindy. Shadowsocks-libev is written in pure C and takes advantage of libev to achieve both high performance and low resource consumption.

Shadowsocks-libev consists of five components. ss-redir(1) works as a transparent proxy on local machines to proxy TCP traffic and requires netfilter’s NAT module. For more information, check out shadowsocks-libev(8) and the following EXAMPLE section.

OPTIONS

-s <server_host>
Set the server’s hostname or IP.

-p <server_port>

Set the server’s port number.

-l <local_port>

Set the local port number.

-k <password>, --password <password>

Set the password. The server and the client should use the same password.

--key <key_in_base64>

Set the key directly. The key should be encoded with URL-safe Base64.

-m <encrypt_method>

Set the cipher.

Shadowsocks-libev accepts 18 different ciphers:

aes-128-gcm, aes-192-gcm, aes-256-gcm, rc4-md5, aes-128-cfb, aes-192-cfb, aes-256-cfb, aes-128-ctr, aes-192-ctr, aes-256-ctr, bf-cfb, camellia-128-cfb, camellia-192-cfb, camellia-256-cfb, chacha20-ietf-poly1305, salsa20, chacha20 and chacha20-ietf.

The default cipher is chacha20-ietf-poly1305.

If built with PolarSSL or custom OpenSSL libraries, some of these ciphers may not work.

-a <user_name>

Run as a specific user.

-f <pid_file>

Start shadowsocks as a daemon with specific pid file.

-t <timeout>

Set the socket timeout in seconds. The default value is 60.

-c <config_file>

Use a configuration file.

Refer to shadowsocks-libev(8) CONFIG FILE section for more details.

-n <number>

Specify max number of open files.

Only available on Linux.

-b <local_address>

Specify the local address to use while this client is making outbound connections to the server.

-u

Enable UDP relay.

TPROXY is required in redir mode. You may need root permission.

-U

Enable UDP relay and disable TCP relay.

-6

Resovle hostname to IPv6 address first.

--mtu <MTU>

Specify the MTU of your network interface.

--mptcp

Enable Multipath TCP.

Only available with MPTCP enabled Linux kernel.

--reuse-port

Enable port reuse.

Only available with Linux kernel > 3.9.0.

--no-delay

Enable TCP_NODELAY.

--plugin <plugin_name>

Enable SIP003 plugin. (Experimental)

--plugin-opts <plugin_options>

Set SIP003 plugin options. (Experimental)

-v

Enable verbose mode.

-h|--help

Print help message.

EXAMPLE

ss-redir requires netfilter’s NAT function. Here is an example:

# Create new chain
iptables -t nat -N SHADOWSOCKS
iptables -t mangle -N SHADOWSOCKS
# Ignore your shadowsocks server's addresses
# It's very IMPORTANT, just be careful.
iptables -t nat -A SHADOWSOCKS -d 123.123.123.123 -j RETURN
# Ignore LANs and any other addresses you'd like to bypass the proxy
# See Wikipedia and RFC5735 for full list of reserved networks.
# See ashi009/bestroutetb for a highly optimized CHN route list.
iptables -t nat -A SHADOWSOCKS -d 0.0.0.0/8 -j RETURN
iptables -t nat -A SHADOWSOCKS -d 10.0.0.0/8 -j RETURN
iptables -t nat -A SHADOWSOCKS -d 127.0.0.0/8 -j RETURN
iptables -t nat -A SHADOWSOCKS -d 169.254.0.0/16 -j RETURN
iptables -t nat -A SHADOWSOCKS -d 172.16.0.0/12 -j RETURN
iptables -t nat -A SHADOWSOCKS -d 192.168.0.0/16 -j RETURN
iptables -t nat -A SHADOWSOCKS -d 224.0.0.0/4 -j RETURN
iptables -t nat -A SHADOWSOCKS -d 240.0.0.0/4 -j RETURN
# Anything else should be redirected to shadowsocks's local port
iptables -t nat -A SHADOWSOCKS -p tcp -j REDIRECT --to-ports 12345
# Add any UDP rules
ip route add local default dev lo table 100
ip rule add fwmark 1 lookup 100
iptables -t mangle -A SHADOWSOCKS -p udp --dport 53 -j TPROXY --on-port 12345 --tproxy-mark 0x01/0x01
# Apply the rules
iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -p tcp -j SHADOWSOCKS
iptables -t mangle -A PREROUTING -j SHADOWSOCKS
# Start the shadowsocks-redir
ss-redir -u -c /etc/config/shadowsocks.json -f /var/run/shadowsocks.pid

SEE ALSO

ss-local(1), ss-server(1), ss-tunnel(1), ss-manager(1), shadowsocks-libev(8), iptables(8), /etc/shadowsocks-libev/config.json
12/04/2019 Shadowsocks-libev 3.3.3