table of contents
|RLOGIND(8)||System Manager's Manual||RLOGIND(8)|
rlogind — remote
Rlogind is the server for the
rlogin(1) program. The server provides a remote login
facility with authentication based on privileged port numbers from trusted
Options supported by
- This option exists for compatibility with historical systems.
- Disable the Nagle algorithm. This is only needed to work around some broken operating systems.
- Permit use of superuser “.rhosts” files.
- Prevent any authentication based on the user's “.rhosts” file. If the user is logging in as the superuser and the -h option is used, “.rhosts” processing is still enabled.
- Prevent any authentication based on “.rhosts” or “hosts.equiv” information.
- Disable keep-alive messages.
The -h, -l, and -L flags are not used if PAM (Pluggable Authentication Module) support is in use.
options should also not be trusted without verifying that they work as
expected with the particular version of libc installed on your system (and
should be tested again after any libc update) because some versions of libc
may not honor the internal flags used by
-L option bypasses the libc functions entirely,
it is not subject to this problem.
Also note that the design of the .rhosts
system is COMPLETELY INSECURE except on a carefully firewalled private
network. Always use the
-L option under all other
circumstances. Also, since
rlogind does not encrypt
communications, it should not, in general, be used at all. Consider
Rlogind listens for service requests at
the port indicated in the ``login'' service specification; see
services(5). When a service request is received the
following protocol is initiated:
- The server checks the client's source port. If the port is not in the range 512-1023, the server aborts the connection.
- The server checks the client's source address and requests the corresponding host name (see gethostbyaddr(3), hosts(5) and named(8)). If the hostname cannot be determined, the dot-notation representation of the host address is used. The addresses for the hostname are requested, verifying that the name and address correspond. Normal authentication is bypassed if the address verification fails.
Once the source port and address have been checked,
rlogind proceeds with the authentication process
described in rshd(8). It then allocates a pseudo terminal
(see pty(4)), and manipulates file descriptors so that the
slave half of the pseudo terminal becomes the
for a login process. The login process is an instance of the
login(1) program, invoked with the
-f option if authentication has succeeded. If
automatic authentication fails, the user is prompted to log in as if on a
standard terminal line.
The parent of the login process manipulates the master side of the
pseudo terminal, operating as an intermediary between the login process and
the client instance of the rlogin program. In normal
operation, the packet protocol described in pty(4) is
invoked to provide ‘
facilities and propagate interrupt signals to the remote programs. The login
process propagates the client terminal's baud rate and terminal type, as
found in the environment variable,
environ(7). The screen or window size of the terminal is
requested from the client, and window size changes from the client are
propagated to the pseudo terminal.
Transport-level keepalive messages are enabled unless the
-n option is present. The use of keepalive messages
allows sessions to be timed out if the client crashes or becomes
All initial diagnostic messages are indicated by a leading byte with a value of 1, after which any network connections are closed. If there are no errors before login is invoked, a null byte is returned as in indication of success.
- Try again.
- A fork by the server failed.
The authentication procedure used here assumes the integrity of each client machine and the connecting medium. This is insecure, but is useful in an ``open'' environment.
A facility to allow all data exchanges to be encrypted should be present.
A more extensible protocol should be used.
rlogind command appeared in
|March 16, 1991||Linux NetKit (0.17)|