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POSTGREYREPORT(1) User Contributed Perl Documentation POSTGREYREPORT(1)

NAME

postgreyreport - Fatal report for Postfix Greylisting Policy Server

SYNOPSIS

postgreyreport [options...]

 -h, --help                   display this help and exit
     --version                display version and exit
     --user=USER              run as USER (default: postgrey)
     --dbdir=PATH             find db files in PATH (default: /var/lib/postgrey)
     --delay=N                report triplets that did not try again after N seconds (default: 300)
     --greylist-text=TXT      text to match on for greylist maillog lines
     --skip_pool              Skip report for 'subscriber pools' ( last 2 octets of IP found in PTR name )
     --skip_dnsbl=RBL         RBL server to query and skip reporting for any listed hosts (SLOW!!)
     --skip_clients=FILE      PTR or IP or REGEXP of clients to skip in report        
     --match_clients=FILE     *ONLY* report if fatal *AND* PTR/IP of client matches
     
     --show_tries             display the number of attempts failed triplets made in first column
     --show_time              show entry time in maillog (single line only)
     --tab                    use tabs as separators for easy cut(1)ting
     --nosingle_line          display sender/recipients grouped by ptr - ip
     --separate_by_subnet=TXT display TXT for every new /24 (ex: "=================\n" )
     --separate_by_ip=TXT     display TXT for every new IP  (ex: "\n")
     --check_sender=LIST      one or more of: mx,mx/24,a,a/24
                              does DNS/A lookups for sender @domain and compares sending IP
                              if match displays "MX" "A" or "MX/24" or "A/24" depending on LIST
  
   Note that --(skip|match)_clients can be specified multiple times and there are no default files.
   Same rules apply as postgrey's --whitelist-clients, see postgrey doc for more info.
   --skip_dnsbl can also be specified multiple times to query multiple DNSBL servers.

DESCRIPTION

postgreyreport opens postgrey.db as read-only; reads a maillog via STDIN, extracts the triplets for any Greylisted lines and looks them up in postgrey.db. if the difference in first and last time seen is less than --delay=N then the triplet is considered fatal and displayed to STDOUT

The report sorts by client IP address

Note:

unless you are using --lookup_by_subnet or excluding all known MTA pools you will likely have false fatal reports for "BigISPs". A message that was tried from every IP in SMTP pool before making it through will show up in the report for all of the attempted source IPs

USAGE

It is best to run postgreyreport against a maillog that is at least several hours old (yesterdays?) ( you be the judge on how old is acceptable ). if you run the report against a live maillog you are not giving legit MTA's enough time to try again and you will have lots of inaccurate information.

  • Ex usage:

            zcat /var/log/maillog.0.gz | ./postgreyreport [options] > postgreyreport.log
            or
            
            zcat /var/log/maillog.0.gz | \
            ./postgreyreport --nosingle_line --check_sender=mx,a \
            --separate_by_subnet=":==================\n"
            # 94 "=" total, some were omitted for clarity
        
  • Ex Output: ( POD wrapping will mess this up, view source )

     :============================================================================================
     unknown                 4.29.43.31
                        marissa_mcclendonuu@abit.com.tw                      user1@recipient1.com 
                                jake_meyerdt@ali.com.tw                      user2@recipient1.com 
                            jenny_banks_sh@translate.ru                      user1@recipient2.com 
                                  rvazquezpo@ali.com.tw                      user3@recipient1.com 
                                     aep@notimexico.com                      user2@recipient1.com  
                        brittneystanley_ei@cetra.org.tw                      user2@recipient1.com  
                                brendasheehan_cw@lib.ru                      user2@recipient1.com  
     :============================================================================================
     lsanca1-ar5-127-189.biz.dsl.gtei.net      4.33.127.189
        A      fokkensr@lsanca1-ar5-127-189.biz.dsl.gtei.net                 user2@recipient1.com 
                           
                           cyxlfrfwciercu@publicist.com                      user3@recipient4.com  
     :============================================================================================
     smtpout.mac.com       17.250.248.83
                                 do_not_reply@apple.com                      user4@recipient5.com 
     smtpout.mac.com       17.250.248.88
       MX                             legituser@mac.com                      user6@recipient7.com 
     :============================================================================================
        

HISTORY

1.14.3 20100321

  Some additions, Leonard den Ottolander <leonard.den.ottolander.nl>
  New option: --tab   Use tabs as separator in single line mode
  New option: --show_time   Show entry time in maillog in single line mode

1.14.2 20040715

  BUGFIX: (automatic) lookup-by-subnet support was broken, fixed.
  BUGFIX: corrected a few spelling errors
  new Option: --skip_pool   Skip report for 'subscriber pools'

1.14.1 20040712

  Changed --return-string to --greylist-text to match postgrey
  new Option: --skip_clients=FILE
  new Option: --match_clients=FILE
  new Option: --skip_dnsbl=RBL.DNS.NAME
  All 3 of the new options can be specified multiple times.
  Updated do_*_subsititions again to match postgrey

1.11.1 20040701

  missing keys from DB are considered fatal triplets and included in report
  Changed --delay testing from "greater than" to "greater than or equal to"
  Fixed --help and --man switches
  Removed setuid Notice

1.6.4 20040618

  Initial Public Version (postgrey/contrib)

AUTHOR

Tom Baker <tbaker@bakerfl.org>

2022-10-15 perl v5.34.0