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GRPCK(8) Befehle zur Systemverwaltung GRPCK(8)

NAME

grpck - überprüft die Stimmigkeit der Gruppendateien

ÜBERSICHT

grpck [Optionen] [Gruppe [ shadow ]]

BESCHREIBUNG

The grpck command verifies the integrity of the groups information. It checks that all entries in /etc/group and /etc/gshadow have the proper format and contain valid data. The user is prompted to delete entries that are improperly formatted or which have other uncorrectable errors.

Es wird überprüft, ob jeder Eintrag folgende Eigenschaften aufweist:

•die richtige Anzahl von Feldern

•einen eindeutigen und gültigen Gruppennamen

•a valid group identifier (/etc/group only)

•a valid list of members and administrators

•a corresponding entry in the /etc/gshadow file (respectively /etc/group for the gshadow checks)

The checks for correct number of fields and unique group name are fatal. If an entry has the wrong number of fields, the user will be prompted to delete the entire line. If the user does not answer affirmatively, all further checks are bypassed. An entry with a duplicated group name is prompted for deletion, but the remaining checks will still be made. All other errors are warnings and the user is encouraged to run the groupmod command to correct the error.

The commands which operate on the /etc/group and /etc/gshadow files are not able to alter corrupted or duplicated entries. grpck should be used in those circumstances to remove the offending entries.

OPTIONEN

The -r and -s options cannot be combined.

The options which apply to the grpck command are:

-h, --help

zeigt die Hilfe an und beendet das Programm

-r, --read-only

Execute the grpck command in read-only mode. This causes all questions regarding changes to be answered no without user intervention.

-R, --root CHROOT_DIR

Apply changes in the CHROOT_DIR directory and use the configuration files from the CHROOT_DIR directory.

-s, --sort

Sort entries in /etc/group and /etc/gshadow by GID.

By default, grpck operates on /etc/group and /etc/gshadow. The user may select alternate files with the group and shadow parameters.

KONFIGURATION

The following configuration variables in /etc/login.defs change the behavior of this tool:

DATEIEN

/etc/group

Informationen zu den Gruppenkonten

/etc/gshadow

sichere Informationen zu den Gruppenkonten

/etc/passwd

Informationen zu den Benutzerkonten

RÜCKGABEWERTE

The grpck command exits with the following values:

0

success

1

invalid command syntax

2

one or more bad group entries

3

can't open group files

4

can't lock group files

5

can't update group files

SIEHE AUCH

group(5), groupmod(8), gshadow(5), passwd(5), pwck(8), shadow(5).

10.11.2021 shadow-utils 4.8.1