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|SCALAR DATA TYPES(3clc)||OpenCL Manual||SCALAR DATA TYPES(3clc)|
Scalar_Data_Types - Built-in scalar data types.
These are the data types available in the OpenCL C programming language used to create kernels that are executed on OpenCL device(s). The OpenCL C programming language (also referred to as OpenCL C) is based on the ISO/IEC 9899:1999 C language specification (a.k.a. C99 specification) with specific extensions and restrictions. Please refer to the ISO/IEC 9899:1999 specification for a detailed description of the language grammar. This section describes modifications and restrictions to ISO/IEC 9899:1999 supported in OpenCL C.
Most built-in scalar data types are also declared as appropriate types in the OpenCL API (and header files) that can be used by an application. The following table describes the built-in scalar data type in the OpenCL C programming language and the corresponding data type available to the application:
|Type in OpenCL C Language||Description||API type for application|
|bool||A conditional data type which is either true or false. The value true expands to the integer constant 1 and the value false expands to the integer constant 0. When any scalar value is converted to bool, the result is 0 if the value compares equal to 0; otherwise, the result is 1.||n/a|
|char||A signed two's complement 8-bit integer.||cl_char|
|unsigned char, uchar||An unsigned 8-bit integer.||cl_uchar|
|short||A signed two's complement 16-bit integer.||cl_short|
|unsigned short, ushort||An unsigned 16-bit integer.||cl_ushort|
|int||A signed two's complement 32-bit integer.||cl_int|
|unsigned int, uint||An unsigned 32-bit integer.||cl_uint|
|long||A signed two's complement 64-bit integer.||cl_long|
|unsigned long, ulong||An unsigned 64-bit integer.||cl_ulong|
|float||A 32-bit floating point. The float data type must conform to the IEEE 754 single precision storage format.||cl_float|
|double||A 64-bit floating point. The double data type must conform to the IEEE 754 double precision storage format. The double scalar type is an optional type that is supported if CL_DEVICE_DOUBLE_FP_CONFIG for a device is not zero. See the table for param_name for clGetDeviceInfo(3clc) for details.||cl_double|
|half||A 16-bit float. The half data type must conform to the IEEE 754-2008 half precision storage format.||cl_half|
|size_t||The unsigned integer type of the result of the sizeof operator. This is a 32-bit unsigned integer if CL_DEVICE_ADDRESS_BITS defined in clGetDeviceInfo(3clc) is 32-bits and is a 64-bit unsigned integer if CL_DEVICE_ADDRESS_BITS is 64-bits.||n/a|
|ptrdiff_t||A signed integer type that is the result of subtracting two pointers. This is a 32-bit signed integer if CL_DEVICE_ADDRESS_BITS defined in clGetDeviceInfo(3clc) is 32-bits and is a 64-bit signed integer if CL_DEVICE_ADDRESS_BITS is 64-bits.||n/a|
|intptr_t||A signed integer type with the property that any valid pointer to void can be converted to this type, then converted back to pointer to void, and the result will compare equal to the original pointer. This is a 32-bit signed integer if CL_DEVICE_ADDRESS_BITS defined in table 4.3 is 32-bits and is a 64-bit signed integer if CL_DEVICE_ADDRESS_BITS is 64-bits.||n/a|
|uintptr_t||An unsigned integer type with the property that any valid pointer to void can be converted to this type, then converted back to pointer to void, and the result will compare equal to the original pointer. This is a 32-bit signed integer if CL_DEVICE_ADDRESS_BITS defined in table 4.3 is 32-bits and is a 64-bit signed integer if CL_DEVICE_ADDRESS_BITS is 64-bits.||n/a|
|void||The void type comprises an empty set of values; it is an incomplete type that cannot be completed.||void|
OPTIONAL HALF FLOATING POINT¶
The half floating-point is supported as an optional extension. An application that wants to use half and halfn will need to include the cl_khr_fp16(3clc) directive. This will extended the list of built-in vector and scalar data types to include the following:
|Type in OpenCL Language||Description||API type for application|
|half2||A 2-component half-precision floating-point vector.||cl_half2|
|half3||A 3-component half-precision floating-point vector.||cl_half3|
|half4||A 4-component half-precision floating-point vector.||cl_half4|
|half8||An 8-component half-precision floating-point vector.||cl_half8|
|half16||A 16-component half-precision floating-point vector.||cl_half16|
The relational, equality, logical and logical unary operators can be used with half scalar and halfn vector types and shall produce a scalar int and vector shortn result respectively.
The OpenCL compiler accepts an h and H suffix on floating point literals, indicating the literal is typed as a half.
macroLimits(3clc), vectorDataTypes(3clc), reservedDataTypes(3clc), otherDataTypes(3clc), abstractDataTypes(3clc), enums(3clc), cl_khr_fp16(3clc), cl_khr_fp64(3clc)
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|01/14/2021||The Khronos Group|