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RedBlack(3pm) User Contributed Perl Documentation RedBlack(3pm)


Tree::RedBlack - Perl implementation of Red/Black tree, a type of balanced tree.


  use Tree::RedBlack;
  my $t = new Tree::RedBlack;
  $t->insert(3, 'cat');
  $t->insert(4, 'dog');
  my $v = $t->find(4);
  my $min = $t->min;
  my $max = $t->max;


This is a perl implementation of the Red/Black tree algorithm found in the book "Algorithms", by Cormen, Leiserson & Rivest (more commonly known as "CLR" or "The White Book"). A Red/Black tree is a binary tree which remains "balanced"- that is, the longest length from root to a node is at most one more than the shortest such length. It is fairly efficient; no operation takes more than O(lg(n)) time.

A Tree::RedBlack object supports the following methods:

new ()
Creates a new RedBlack tree object.
root ()
Returns the root node of the tree. Note that this will either be undef if no nodes have been added to the tree, or a Tree::RedBlack::Node object. See the Tree::RedBlack::Node manual page for details on the Node object.
cmp (&)
Use this method to set a comparator subroutine. The tree defaults to lexical comparisons. This subroutine should be just like a comparator subroutine to sort, except that it doesn't do the $a, $b trick; the two elements to compare will just be the first two items on the stack.
insert ($;$)
Adds a new node to the tree. The first argument is the key of the node, the second is its value. If a node with that key already exists, its value is replaced with the given value and the old value is returned. Otherwise, undef is returned.
delete ($)
The argument should be either a node object to delete or the key of a node object to delete. WARNING!!! THIS STILL HAS BUGS!!!
find ($)
Searches the tree to find the node with the given key. Returns the value of that node, or undef if a node with that key isn't found. Note, in particular, that you can't tell the difference between finding a node with value undef and not finding a node at all. If you want to determine if a node with a given key exists, use the node method, below.
node ($)
Searches the tree to find the node with the given key. Returns that node object if it is found, undef otherwise. The node object is a Tree::RedBlack::Node object.
min ()
Returns the node with the minimal key.
max ()
Returns the node with the maximal key.


Benjamin Holzman <>


2021-01-08 perl v5.32.0