|r.out.mat(1grass)||GRASS GIS User's Manual||r.out.mat(1grass)|
r.out.mat - Exports a GRASS raster to a binary MAT-File.
raster, export, output
r.out.mat input=name output=name [--overwrite] [--help] [--verbose] [--quiet] [--ui]
r.out.mat will export a GRASS raster map to a MAT-File
which can be loaded into Matlab or Octave for plotting or further analysis.
Attributes such as map title and bounds will also be exported into
additional array variables.
Specifically, the following array variables are created:
- map_title (if it exists)
In addition, r.out.mat makes for a nice binary container format for transferring georeferenced maps around, even if you don’t use Matlab or Octave.
r.out.mat exports a Version 4 MAT-File. These files should
successfully load into more modern versions of Matlab and Octave without any
Everything should be Endian safe, so the resultant file can be simply copied between different system architectures without binary translation.
As there is no IEEE value for NaN for integer maps, GRASS’s null value is used to represent it within these maps. You’ll have to do something like this to clean them once the map is loaded into Matlab:
map_data(find(map_data < -1e9)) = NaN;
Null values in maps containing either floating point or
double-precision floating point data should translate into NaN values as
r.out.mat must load the entire map into memory before writing, therefore it might have problems with huge maps. (a 3000x4000 DCELL map uses about 100mb RAM)
GRASS defines its map bounds at the outer-edge of the bounding cells, not at the coordinates of their centroids. Thus, the following Matlab commands may be used to determine the map’s resolution information:
[rows cols] = size(map_data)
x_range = map_eastern_edge - map_western_edge
y_range = map_northern_edge - map_southern_edge
ns_res = y_range/rows
ew_res = x_range/cols
In Matlab, plot with either:
imagesc(map_data), axis equal, axis tight, colorbar
contourf(map_data, 24), axis ij, axis equal, axis tight, colorbar
Add support for exporting map history, category information, color
Option to export as a version 5 MAT-File, with map and support information stored in a single structured array.
The Octave project
Department of Marine Science
University of Otago
Available at: r.out.mat source code (history)
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© 2003-2021 GRASS Development Team, GRASS GIS 7.8.6 Reference Manual