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GPSCORRELATE(1) gpscorrelate 2.0 GPSCORRELATE(1)

NAME

gpscorrelate - correlates digital images with GPS data filling EXIF fields

SYNOPSIS

gpscorrelate [-z | --timeadd +/-HH[:MM]] [-O | --photooffset seconds] [-i | --no-interpolation] [-v | --verbose] [-d | --datum datum] [-n | --no-write] [-R | --replace] [-m | --max-dist time] [-t | --ignore-tracksegs] [-M | --no-mtime] [--degmins] [-g file.gpx | [-l | --latlong] latitude,longitude[,elevation]] image.jpg...

gpscorrelate -s | --show | -o | --machine image.jpg...

gpscorrelate {-r | --remove} [-M | --no-mtime] image.jpg...

gpscorrelate {-f | --fix-datestamps} {-z | --timeadd +/-HH[:MM]} image.jpg...

gpscorrelate -V | --version | -h | --help

DESCRIPTION

This manual page documents the gpscorrelate command. There is extended documentation available in HTML format; see below.

gpscorrelate is a program that acts on digital images in JPEG format, filling in the EXIF (Exchangeable Image File Format) fields related to GPS (Global Positioning System) information. Source for the GPS data is a GPX (GPS Exchange Format) file, which records GPS location information in an XML-based format. The act of filling those fields is referred to as correlation.

If GPS data are available at the precise moment the image was taken (with a 1-second granularity) the GPS data are stored unmodified in EXIF fields. If they are not, linear interpolation of GPS data available at moments before and after the image was taken can be used. A measure of the approximate accuracy of the GPS location reading is preserved when written into the image.

OPTIONS

These programs follow the usual GNU command line syntax, with long options starting with two dashes (`-'). A summary of options is included below.

-g, --gps file.gpx

Correlate images using the specified GPX file containing GPS track points. This option can be given many times to specify multiple GPX files. For each photo being correlated, the first file containing a track covering the time the photo was taken will be the one used. All <trk> segments in each file are used.

-l, --latlong latitude,longitude[,elevation]

Provide a specific geographic coordinate to use for all images instead correlating along a path in a GPX file. The format must be of the general form latitude,longitude,elevation where latitude and longitude must each be in either decimal form, such as -123.45678 or in degrees/minutes/seconds form, such as -123°45'67.8" or -123d45m67s. Providing an elevation is optional. Each component can be separated by commas, spaces or tabs.

Note that this option has a known bug in that it does not parse numbers correctly in locales that use other than "." as a decimal separator.

-s, --show

Only show the GPS data already in the given image's EXIF tags instead of correlating them.

-o, --machine

Only show the GPS data of the given images in a machine-readable CSV format. Images without GPS tags are ignored. The fields output are file name, date and time, latitude, longitude, elevation, where the first value is the filename, as passed, the second is the timestamp, and the last three are floating point values with an optional leading plus or minus.

-r, --remove

Remove all GPS EXIF data from the given images. Note that this only removes the GPS tags that the program could add; it does not delete all possible GPS EXIF tags. All other tags are left alone.

-z, --timeadd +/-HH[:MM]

Time to add to GPS points to make them match the timestamps of the images. GPS timestamps are in UTC; image timestamps are generally in local time. Enter the timezone used when taking the images; e.g., +8 for Perth, Western Australia or -2:30 for St. John's, Newfoundland. This defaults to the UTC offset of the local time zone as of the time of the first image processed (versions before 1.7 defaulted to 00:00).

-O, --photooffset seconds

Time in seconds to add to the photo timestamp to make it match the GPS timestamp. To determine the number of seconds needed, just create a photograph of your GPS device showing the current time and compare it with the timestamp of your photo file. The EXIF time tags in the image are not modified based on this value.

-i, --no-interpolation

Disable linear interpolation between points. With this flag, the nearest exact point (within --max-dist) is used. Without this flag, photos taken between the time of two recorded GPS coordinates are correlated based on linear interpolation between those two points.

-v, --verbose

Show slightly more information during the image correlation process, such as the GPS data selected for each image.

-d, --datum datum

Specify GPS measurement datum. If not set, WGS-84 is used (TOKYO is another possibility). However, GPX is not supposed to store anything but WGS-84, so this should only ever be needed with the --latlong option.

-n, --no-write

Do not write the correlated EXIF data back into the image. Useful with --verbose to see what would happen during image correlation.

-R, --replace

Overwrite any existing GPS tags in the file. Without this option, any file that already contains GPS tags will be skipped.

-m, --max-dist time

Maximum time in seconds from the photo time which a logged GPS point can refer and still be used for correlation. This defaults to 0, which means to disable this check. Only one of the two points need be within this range for correlation to take place.

If the accuracy of the location is paramount and you would rather not correlate a position for a photo at all if the nearest GPS coordinates were recorded too long ago in the past or too far into the future (relative to when the photo was taken), then set this to a nonzero value.

-t, --ignore-tracksegs

Interpolate between track segments, too. Generally, track segments show multiple sessions of GPS logging; between them is generally when the GPS was not logging. Since interpolation honours the --max-dist flag, even track segments with wide time gaps can safely be used if both flags are set. Without this flag, photos taken within the time gap between two <trkseg> tracks in the GPX file are not correlated.

-M, --no-mtime

Do not change the last modification time of changed files.

-f, --fix-datestamps

Fix broken GPS datestamps written with gpscorrelate versions < 1.5.2 by replacing them with the photo's time stamp. Prior to 1.5.2, two bugs wrote the wrong value for the GPSDateStamp and GPSTimeStamp tags. This option will check each supplied filename for the problem and correct it. Use with --no-write to prevent writing these changes (useful for checking for the issue). This option also implies --no-mtime. You will also need to use --timeadd to specify the difference between localtime and UTC time for the supplied photos.

--degmins

Write location as DD MM.MM (instead of the more accurate DD MM SS.SS) as was the default in gpscorrelate versions < 1.5.3. There is no good reason to use this option unless some broken program expects this style.

-h, --help

Only show a summary of options.

-V, --version

Only print the gpscorrelate version number and copyright information.

EXAMPLES

To correlate all photos in a directory taken in western Europe in the summer (i.e., UTC-2):

gpscorrelate -g Test.gpx -z 2 *.jpg

To correlate all photos in a directory taken in Italy, switching to UTC-2 or UTC-1 depending on the daylight savings time in effect when the first picture in the list was taken:

env TZ=Europe/Rome gpscorrelate -g Test.gpx *.jpg

Correlate all photos in a directory from a track spread out over two different track files and taken in the computer's current time zone, interpolating between segments and between files while ignoring photos taken too far away from a recorded point, without changing the file time stamp of the files, while showing details of the process:

gpscorrelate -g track1.gpx -g track2.gpx -m 120 -t -M -v *.jpg

To correlate a photo taken from a camera with a fast clock (i.e., the clock was 77 seconds ahead of GPS time):

gpscorrelate -g Test.gpx -O -77 photo.jpg

Show existing GPS tags in a photo:

gpscorrelate --show photo.jpg

Show existing GPS tags in a photo and output in CSV format:

gpscorrelate --show --machine photo.jpg

Remove GPS tags from photos:

gpscorrelate --remove *.jpg

Add a GPS location tag to a photo taken at Ulmer Münster:

gpscorrelate -l 48.398620,9.991417,522 -z 2 ulm.jpg

EXIT STATUS

gpscorrelate returns 0 in case of success, 1 in case of major error (such as a read or write error) and 2 in case of minor error (such as the given GPS track not covering the time of an image).

SEE ALSO

gpsd(1), gpsbabel(1), gpxlogger(1), cgpxlogger(1).

The documentation of gpscorrelate in HTML format is available on the filesystem at /usr/share/doc/gpscorrelate.

LICENSE

This manual page was initially written by Stefano Zacchiroli <zack@debian.org> for the Debian(TM) system. It was extended by Till Maas <opensource@till.name> and Dan Fandrich <dan@coneharvesters.com>. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU General Public License, Version 2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation.

AUTHOR

Stefano Zacchiroli
Author.

COPYRIGHT

Copyright © 2006-2019 Stefano Zacchiroli <zack@debian.org>, Till Maas, Dan Fandrich
24 Oct 2019 gpscorrelate 2.0