The files to read the patch from. - can be used to
read from the standard input.
Instead of applying the patch, output diffstat for the
input. Turns off "apply".
Similar to --stat, but shows the number of added
and deleted lines in decimal notation and the pathname without abbreviation,
to make it more machine friendly. For binary files, outputs two -
instead of saying 0 0. Turns off "apply".
Instead of applying the patch, output a condensed summary
of information obtained from git diff extended headers, such as creations,
renames, and mode changes. Turns off "apply".
Instead of applying the patch, see if the patch is
applicable to the current working tree and/or the index file and detects
errors. Turns off "apply".
Apply the patch to both the index and the working tree
(or merely check that it would apply cleanly to both if --check is in
effect). Note that --index expects index entries and working tree
copies for relevant paths to be identical (their contents and metadata such as
file mode must match), and will raise an error if they are not, even if the
patch would apply cleanly to both the index and the working tree in
Apply the patch to just the index, without touching the
working tree. If --check is in effect, merely check that it would apply
cleanly to the index entry.
When applying the patch only to the working tree, mark
new files to be added to the index later (see --intent-to-add
). This option is ignored unless running in a Git repository
is not specified. Note that --index
could be implied
by other options such as --cached
Attempt 3-way merge if the patch records the identity of
blobs it is supposed to apply to and we have those blobs available locally,
possibly leaving the conflict markers in the files in the working tree for the
user to resolve. This option implies the --index option unless the
--cached option is used, and is incompatible with the --reject
option. When used with the --cached option, any conflicts are left at
higher stages in the cache.
Newer git diff
output has embedded index
for each blob to help identify the original version that the
patch applies to. When this flag is given, and if the original versions of the
blobs are available locally, builds a temporary index containing those blobs.
When a pure mode change is encountered (which has no index
information), the information is read from the current index instead.
Apply the patch in reverse.
For atomicity, git apply by default fails the
whole patch and does not touch the working tree when some of the hunks do not
apply. This option makes it apply the parts of the patch that are applicable,
and leave the rejected hunks in corresponding *.rej files.
has been given, do not munge
pathnames, but use a NUL-terminated machine-readable format.
Without this option, pathnames with "unusual" characters
are quoted as explained for the configuration variable core.quotePath
Remove <n> leading path components (separated by
slashes) from traditional diff paths. E.g., with -p2, a patch against
a/dir/file will be applied directly to file. The default is
Ensure at least <n> lines of surrounding context
match before and after each change. When fewer lines of surrounding context
exist they all must match. By default no context is ever ignored.
By default, git apply
expects that the patch being
applied is a unified diff with at least one line of context. This provides
good safety measures, but breaks down when applying a diff generated with
. To bypass these checks use --unidiff-zero
Note, for the reasons stated above, the usage of context-free
patches is discouraged.
If you use any of the options marked "Turns off
apply" above, git apply reads and outputs the requested
information without actually applying the patch. Give this flag after those
flags to also apply the patch.
When applying a patch, ignore additions made by the
patch. This can be used to extract the common part between two files by first
running diff on them and applying the result with this option, which
would apply the deletion part but not the addition part.
Historically we did not allow binary patch application
without an explicit permission from the user, and this flag was the way to do
so. Currently, we always allow binary patch application, so this is a
Don’t apply changes to files matching the given
path pattern. This can be useful when importing patchsets, where you want to
exclude certain files or directories.
Apply changes to files matching the given path pattern.
This can be useful when importing patchsets, where you want to include certain
files or directories.
When --exclude and --include patterns are used, they
are examined in the order they appear on the command line, and the first
match determines if a patch to each path is used. A patch to a path that
does not match any include/exclude pattern is used by default if there is no
include pattern on the command line, and ignored if there is any include
When applying a patch, ignore changes in whitespace in
context lines if necessary. Context lines will preserve their whitespace, and
they will not undergo whitespace fixing regardless of the value of the
--whitespace option. New lines will still be fixed, though.
When applying a patch, detect a new or modified line that
has whitespace errors. What are considered whitespace errors is controlled by
configuration. By default, trailing whitespaces
(including lines that solely consist of whitespaces) and a space character
that is immediately followed by a tab character inside the initial indent of
the line are considered whitespace errors.
By default, the command outputs warning messages but applies the
patch. When git-apply is used for statistics and not applying a
patch, it defaults to nowarn.
You can use different <action> values to control this
•nowarn turns off the trailing whitespace
•warn outputs warnings for a few such
errors, but applies the patch as-is (default).
•fix outputs warnings for a few such
errors, and applies the patch after fixing them (strip is a synonym
— the tool used to consider only trailing whitespace characters as
errors, and the fix involved stripping them, but modern Gits do
•error outputs warnings for a few such
errors, and refuses to apply the patch.
•error-all is similar to error but
shows all errors.
Under certain circumstances, some versions of diff
do not correctly detect a missing new-line at the end of the file. As a
result, patches created by such diff programs do not record incomplete
lines correctly. This option adds support for applying such patches by working
around this bug.
Report progress to stderr. By default, only a message
about the current patch being applied will be printed. This option will cause
additional information to be reported.
Suppress stderr output. Messages about patch status and
progress will not be printed.
Do not trust the line counts in the hunk headers, but
infer them by inspecting the patch (e.g. after editing the patch without
adjusting the hunk headers appropriately).
Prepend <root> to all filenames. If a
"-p" argument was also passed, it is applied before prepending the
For example, a patch that talks about updating a/git-gui.sh
to b/git-gui.sh can be applied to the file in the working tree
modules/git-gui/git-gui.sh by running git apply
By default, a patch that affects outside the working area
(either a Git controlled working tree, or the current working directory when
"git apply" is used as a replacement of GNU patch) is rejected as a
mistake (or a mischief).
When git apply is used as a "better GNU patch",
the user can pass the --unsafe-paths option to override this safety
check. This option has no effect when --index or --cached is
Don’t return an error for patches containing no
diff. This includes empty patches and patches with commit text only.