config-gfarm is a utility to set up a metadata server of
Gfarm file system. The server program for a metadata server is named
gfmd. config-gfarm is required to be run with the root
privilege, unless you use the file system for private purpose such as
development, evaluation or test of Gfarm.
config-gfarm performs the following processes, in that
1.Set up the backend database.
2.Generate Gfarm configuration files
%%SYSCONFDIR%%/gfarm2.conf and %%SYSCONFDIR%%/gfmd.conf.
3.Create scripts (or configuration files) to start/stop
the backend database and gfmd
On most systems, config-gfarm puts start/stop scripts
gfmd and gfarm-pgsql onto either /etc/init.d or
/etc/rc.d/init.d, according to the operating system.
On Linux with systemd such as Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 or later,
config-gfarm puts the unit configuration files gfmd.service and
gfarm-pgsql.service onto /etc/systemd/system, and then executes systemctl
enable gfmd.service and systemctl enable gfarm-pgsql.service
4.Start the backend database and gfmd.
5. Put the script unconfig-gfarm.sh on
%%SYSCONFDIR%%. The script does unconfiguration of the metadata server. It
stops gfmd and the backend database, and removes all files created by
config-gfarm including unconfig-gfarm.sh itself.
Before set up a metadata server using config-gfarm, it is
recommended to execute config-gfarm -t. With -t option, the
sets up is not performed. Instead, it shows values of all configurable
$ config-gfarm -t
metadata backend [-b]: postgresql
(available backend: postgresql )
metadata directory [-l]: /var/gfarm-pgsql
metadata log directory [-L]: /var/gfarm-pgsql/pg_xlog
postgresql admin user [-U]: miles
postgresql admin password [-W]: (auto generated)
postgresql user [-u]: gfarm
postgresql password [-w]: (auto generated)
postgresql prefix [-P]: /usr
postgresql version [-V]: 9.2
postgresql XML supported [-X]: no
metadata replication [-r]: no
metaserver hostname [-h]: host1.example.org
matadata admin user [-A]: miles
matadata admin dn [-D]:
portmaster port [-p]: 10602
gfmd port [-m]: 601
auth type [-a]: sharedsecret
rc script for gfmd : /etc/init.d/gfmd
rc script for backend : /etc/init.d/gfarm-pgsql
gfmd conf file : /etc/gfmd.conf
gfarm client conf file : /etc/gfarm2.conf
gfmd pid file : /var/run/gfmd.pid
backend pid file : /var/run/postmaster.pid
The option name surrounded by [ ] means that you can specify a
value with that option.
Configure some paths related to gfmd
backend database. Specifically, the followings are affected.
•The directory to put metadata of Gfarm. That is
PREFIX/var/gfarm-pgsql if the backend database is PostgreSQL. The path can
also be changed by -l option. When both options are specified,
-l option has preference.
•The directory to put log files about metadata.
That is PREFIX/var/gfarm-pgsql/pg_xlog if the backend database is PostgreSQL.
The path can also be changed by -L option. When both options are
specified, -L option has preference.
•The directory to put journal files of
gfmd. That is PREFIX/var/gfarm-metadata/journal. The path can also be
changed by -j option. When both options are specified, -j option
•The directory to put PID files of gfmd and
the backend database. That is PREFIX/var/run.
•The directory to put configuration files. That is
•The directory of start/stop scripts for
gfmd and its backend database. That is PREFIX/etc/init.d or
PREFIX/rc.d/init.d/etc which is depending on operating systems.
•If systemd is running on the host, there is a
special exception. When an empty prefix is given by --prefix option on
such host, config-gfarm doesn't put unit configuration files for
systemd. Instead, it puts traditional start/stop scripts at
•The unconfiguration script
unconfig-gfarm.sh. That is PREFIX/etc/unconfig-gfarm.sh.
The default is "" (empty).
Specify backend database. It currently supports
"postgresql" (for PostgreSQL) only. "ldap" (for LDAP) was
supported in the past, but not maintained any longer. config-gfarm -t
lists which backend databases are available.
PostgreSQL is chosen by default if "postgresql" is in
the list. If the available backend is "ldap" only, it is still
chosen by default. Note that you need to recompile Gfarm if you'd like to
make Gfarm on your system support a backend database not in the list.
Enable checksum calculation and specify the digest type
of the checksum. The digest_type argument is a lower-case name which is
supported by the OpenSSL library on the host, such as "md5".
Specify administrator's username of the Gfarm file
system. Since the default value differs depending on operating systems,
execute config-gfarm -t to confirm the username.
The configured gfmd will connect to the backend
database as the specified username. The default is "gfarm".
Specify an installation prefix of the backend database
(e.g. /usr/local). When config-gfarm executes an administration command
of the backend database, it assumes the command is installed under the given
prefix. An example of those commands is initdb of PostgreSQL. If this
option is omitted, config-gfarm searches directories listed in the
environment variable PATH for the commands.
Tell version of the backend database to
config-gfarm. In most cases, config-gfarm can detect a correct
version number by itself. This option should be used only when
config-gfarm fails to get the correct version number.
Specify a path to the directory where the backend
database puts files to store metadata of Gfarm.
If the backend database is PostgreSQL, the directory is commonly
called PGDATA directory. The default is PREFIX/var/gfarm-pgsql where PREFIX
is a prefix given by --prefix option.
Specify a path to the directory where the backend
database puts log files. If the backend database is PostgreSQL, the default is
PREFIX/var/gfarm-pgsql/pg_xlog where PREFIX is a prefix given by
Specify a hostname which is used to identify the metadata
server. The default is the fully qualified domainname of the host.
Specify a path to the directory where gfmd puts
journal files. This option takes an effect only when metadata replication is
enabled by -r option. The default value is
PREFIX/var/gfarm-metadata/journal where PREFIX is a prefix given by
Specify administrator of the Gfarm file system. If this
option is omitted, config-gfarm gets a username by executing who am
Specify a subject DN of global administrator. This option
is mandatory, in case that the authentication method is GSI,
Specify a TCP port number the configured backend database
listens on. The default is 10602.
Specify a TCP port number the configured gfmd
listens on. The default value is 10601 in case of the private mode, 601
Specify an authentication method. It currently recognizes
"sharedsecret" or "gsi". The default is
Show usage, then exit.
Enable the private mode. config-gfarm
sets up the
Gfarm file system which can be run without root privilege. Specifically,
changes the configuration procedures as follows:
•The default listen port of gfmd
(corresponding with -m option) is changed from 601 to 10601.
•The user map file %%SYSCONFDIR%%/usermap is also
created. The metadata server reads this file when it starts. In the
non-private mode, it is required to create the user accounts for _gfarmmd and
_gfarmfs on the operating system. With the user map file, the creation of the
user accounts is not needed. The file defines mappings of Gfarm system users
to actual user accounts.
•The configuration file for gfsd,
%%SYSCONFDIR%%/gfsd.conf is also created. In the non-private mode, gfsd reads
the configuration file %%SYSCONFDIR%%/gfarm2.conf instead, which is read by
all Gfarm programs connecting with a metadata server. %%SYSCONFDIR%%/gfsd.conf
is a configuration file cutomized for gfsd running under the private
-S option never changes locations of start/stop scripts and
configuration files. Since the default locations of those files are usually
writable only for privilege users, config-gfarm fails to create them.
To avoid this problem, also specify --prefix option.
Do not start gfmd or the backend database.
Force overwriting an existing set up.
Show values of all configurable parameters in human
readable format, then exit immediately.
Like -t option, but it shows values in KEY=VALUE
Enable metadata replication among metadata servers.
Specify administrator's password of backend database.
This option corresponds with -U option which specifies the username. By
default, the password is generated automatically.
The configured gfmd will connect the backend
database with the specified password. This option corresponds with -u
option which specifies the username. By default, the password is generated
Enable XML Path Language (XPath) support for querying XML
Set up PostgreSQL with the data checksums option.
config-gfarm gives --data-checksums option to initdb
command of PostgreSQL. Note that PostgreSQL 9.3 or later is required to use
this feature. This option takes an effect only when the backend database is
configuration file for Gfarm clients
configuration file for gfmd
configuration file for gfsd (used only in the private
user mapping definition file (used only in the private
start/stop script for PostgreSQL running as backend
database of Gfarm
start/stop script for gfmd
unit configuration file for PostgreSQL running as backend
database of Gfarm, read by systemd
unit configuration file for gfmd, read by