|File Formats Manual
netrc — user
configuration for ftp
This file contains configuration and autologin information for the File Transfer Protocol client ftp(1).
The .netrc file contains login and initialization information used by the auto-login process. It resides in the user's home directory. The following tokens are recognized; they may be separated by spaces, tabs, or new-lines:
- Identify a remote machine name. The auto-login
process searches the .netrc file for a
machinetoken that matches the remote machine specified on the
ftpcommand line or as an
opencommand argument. Once a match is made, the subsequent .netrc tokens are processed, stopping when the end of file is reached or another
defaulttoken is encountered.
- This is the same as
machinename except that
defaultmatches any name. There can be only one
defaulttoken, and it must be after all
machinetokens. This is normally used as:
default login anonymous password user@site
thereby giving the user automatic anonymous ftp login to machines not specified in .netrc. This can be overridden by using the
-nflag to disable auto-login.
- Identify a user on the remote machine. If this token is present, the auto-login process will initiate a login using the specified name.
- Supply a password. If this token is present, the auto-login process will
supply the specified string if the remote server requires a password as
part of the login process. Note that if this token is present in the
.netrc file for any user other than
ftpwill abort the auto-login process if the .netrc is readable by anyone besides the user.
- Supply an additional account password. If this token is present, the
auto-login process will supply the specified string if the remote server
requires an additional account password, or the auto-login process will
ACCTcommand if it does not.
- Define a macro. This token functions like the
macdefcommand functions. A macro is defined with the specified name; its contents begin with the next .netrc line and continue until a null line (consecutive new-line characters) is encountered. If a macro named
initis defined, it is automatically executed as the last step in the auto-login process.
|September 23, 1997
|Linux NetKit (0.17)