table of contents
|LINK(2)||System Calls Manual||LINK(2)|
— make a hard file link
Standard C Library (libc, -lc)
char *name1, const char
const char *name1, int fd2,
const char *name2, int
system call atomically creates the specified directory entry (hard link)
name2 with the attributes of the underlying object
pointed at by name1. If the link is successful: the
link count of the underlying object is incremented;
name1 and name2 share equal
access and rights to the underlying object.
If name1 is removed, the file name2 is not deleted and the link count of the underlying object is decremented.
The object pointed at by the name1 argument must exist for the hard link to succeed and both name1 and name2 must be in the same file system. The name1 argument may not be a directory.
system call is equivalent to link except in the case
where either name1 or name2 or
both are relative paths. In this case a relative path
name1 is interpreted relative to the directory
associated with the file descriptor fd1 instead of the
current working directory and similarly for name2 and
the file descriptor fd2.
Values for flag are constructed by a
bitwise-inclusive OR of flags from the following list, defined in
- If name1 names a symbolic link, a new link for the target of the symbolic link is created.
is passed the special value
AT_FDCWD in the
fd1 or fd2 parameter, the
current working directory is used for the respective
name argument. If both fd1 and
fd2 have value
behavior is identical to a call to
flag contains the
AT_SYMLINK_FOLLOW flag, if
name1 names a symbolic link, a new link is created for
the symbolic link name1 and not its target.
link() function returns the
value 0 if successful; otherwise the value -1 is returned and
the global variable errno is set to indicate the
link() system call will fail and no
link will be created if:
- A component of either path prefix is not a directory.
- A component of either pathname exceeded 255 characters, or entire length of either path name exceeded 1023 characters.
- A component of either path prefix does not exist.
- The file system containing the file named by name1 does not support links.
- The link count of the file named by name1 would exceed 32767.
- A component of either path prefix denies search permission.
- The requested link requires writing in a directory with a mode that denies write permission.
- Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating one of the pathnames.
- The file named by name1 does not exist.
- The link named by name2 does exist.
- The file named by name1 is a directory.
- The file named by name1 has its immutable or append-only flag set, see the chflags(2) manual page for more information.
- The parent directory of the file named by name2 has its immutable flag set.
- The link named by name2 and the file named by name1 are on different file systems.
- The directory in which the entry for the new link is being placed cannot be extended because there is no space left on the file system containing the directory.
- The directory in which the entry for the new link is being placed cannot be extended because the user's quota of disk blocks on the file system containing the directory has been exhausted.
- An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to the file system to make the directory entry.
- The requested link requires writing in a directory on a read-only file system.
- One of the pathnames specified is outside the process's allocated address space.
In addition to the errors returned by the
call may fail if:
- The name1 or name2 argument
does not specify an absolute path and the fd1 or
fd2 argument, respectively, is neither
AT_FDCWDnor a valid file descriptor open for searching.
- The value of the flag argument is not valid.
- The name1 or name2 argument is
not an absolute path and fd1 or
fd2, respectively, is neither
AT_FDCWDnor a file descriptor associated with a directory.
link() system call is expected to
conform to IEEE Std 1003.1-1990
system call follows The Open Group Extended API Set 2 specification.
link() function appeared in
Version 7 AT&T UNIX. The
linkat() system call appeared in
link() system call traditionally
allows the super-user to link directories which corrupts the file system
coherency. This implementation no longer permits it.
|April 10, 2008||Debian|